South Korean standard language

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The South Korean standard language or Pyojuneo (Korean표준어; Hanja標準語; lit. Standard language) is the South Korean standard version of the Korean language. It is based on the Seoul dialect, although various words are borrowed from other regional dialects. It uses the Hangul alphabet, created in December 1443 CE by the Joseon-era king Sejong the Great.[1] Unlike the North Korean standard language (Munhwaŏ), the South Korean standard language includes many loan-words from Chinese, as well as some from English and other European languages.[2]


When Korea was under Japanese rule, the use of the Korean language was regulated by the Japanese government. To counter the influence of the Japanese authorities, the Korean Language Society (한글 학회) began collecting dialect data from all over Korea and later created their own standard version of Korean, Pyojuneo, with the release of their book Unification of Korean Spellings (한글 맞춤법 통일안) in 1933.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kim-ung-Key (1997). The Korean Alphabet: Its History and Structure. University of Hawaii Press. p. 15. ISBN 9780824817237.
  2. ^ Ahn, Hyejeong (2017). Attitudes to World Englishes: Implications for Teaching English in South Korea. Taylor & Francis. pp. 30–33. ISBN 978-1315394299.
  3. ^ Rhee, M. J. (1992). "Language planning in Korea under the Japanese colonial administration, 1910–1945". Language, Culture and Curriculum. 5 (2): 87–97. doi:10.1080/07908319209525118. ISSN 0790-8318.