South Norfolk (UK Parliament constituency)

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South Norfolk
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of South Norfolk in Norfolk.
Outline map
Location of Norfolk within England.
County Norfolk
Electorate 77,316 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1868
Member of parliament Richard Bacon (Conservative)
Number of members One (Two 1868-1885)
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East of England

South Norfolk is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2001 by Richard Bacon, a Conservative.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

Following the Reform Act 1832 the historic county constituency Norfolk was for the first time split into two, two member, county divisions - East Norfolk and West Norfolk.

The Reform Act 1867 led, the following year, to the county's redistribution into three, two member, county divisions. The three divisions, from the United Kingdom general election, 1868 became this one, the North and modified Western division.

The Southern division had its place of election[n 3] at Norwich. This was the same place of election as the abolished Eastern division. In 1868 the same two MPs who had sat for East Norfolk before its end were re-elected from this constituency.

Under the provisions of the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, single member constituencies became the norm and greater equalisation in electorate occurred. In Norfolk the three, two member, county divisions were changed to six single member seats. These were this constituency, a revived East Norfolk, Mid Norfolk, North Norfolk, North West Norfolk and South West Norfolk.

In the 1885 redistribution this constituency consisted of the Sessional Divisions of Depwade, Diss, Earsham, Loddon and Clavering, and Swainsthorpe. It bordered Mid Norfolk to the west, the borough constituency of Norwich and East Norfolk to the north, the borough of Great Yarmouth and the Suffolk constituency of Lowestoft to the east and another Suffolk division, Eye, to the south.

The Southern division was very agricultural in character.[citation needed] The largest town was Diss, which had a population of fewer than 4,000 people in 1900.

From the Representation of the People Act 1918, the constituency comprised the local government divisions:

1918-1950: The Urban District of Diss, the Rural Districts of Depwade, Forehoe, Henstead, and Wayland, and part of the Rural District of Thetford.

1950-1974: The Borough of Thetford, the Urban Districts of Diss and Wymondham, and the Rural Districts of Depwade, Loddon, and Wayland. These areas combined to produce a somewhat more urban constituency than before.

1974-1983: The Borough of Thetford, the Urban Districts of Diss and Wymondham, and the Rural Districts of Depwade, Forehoe and Henstead, Loddon, and Wayland. This was the last redistribution before a major reorganisation of local government, which amalgamated many of the smaller local authorities and which was reflected in the 1983 redistribution.

1983-1997: A further reduction of area meant that the seat now consisted of the entire District of South Norfolk. The other part of the old seat (Thetford and Wayland) was transferred to the redrawn South West Norfolk constituency.

1997-2010: Continuing population growth led to another reduction in the constituency's territory. It comprised the District of South Norfolk except the wards of Cringleford and Colney, and New Costessey (which were now in Norwich South).

2010-present: The Boundary Commission for England reduced the wide part of the District of South Norfolk comprising the constituency: eight wards became part of other seats. The seat now has electoral wards:

Beck Vale, Bressingham and Burston, Brooke, Bunwell, Chedgrave and Thurton, Cringleford, Dickleburgh, Diss, Ditchingham and Broome, Earsham, Easton, Forncett, Gillingham, Harleston, Hempnall, Hethersett, Loddon, Mulbarton, Newton Flotman, Old Costessey, Poringland with the Framinghams, Rockland, Roydon, Scole, Stoke Holy Cross, Stratton, Tasburgh, and Thurlton.[2]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1868 – 1885 (two seats)[edit]

Election 1st Member[3] 1st Party 2nd Member[3] 2nd Party
1868 Clare Sewell Read Conservative Edward Howes Conservative
1871 Sir Robert Jacob Buxton, Bt Conservative
1880 Robert Thornhagh Gurdon Liberal
1885 representation reduced to one member

MPs since 1885 (one seat)[edit]

Soames
Cozens-Hardy
Election Member[3] Party Notes
1885 Francis Taylor Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1898 by-election Arthur Soames Liberal
1918 William Cozens-Hardy a Liberal
1919 Coalition Liberal
1920 by-election George Edwards Labour
1922 Thomas Hay Conservative
1923 George Edwards Labour
1924 James Christie Conservative
1945 Christopher Mayhew Labour
1950 Peter Baker b Conservative Expelled from Parliament 1954
1955 by-election John Hill Conservative
Feb 1974 John MacGregor Conservative Later Baron MacGregor of Pulham Market; Cabinet Minister 1985-1994
2001 Richard Bacon Conservative

Notes:-

  • a Cozens-Hardy stood at the United Kingdom general election, 1918 as a Liberal without the Coalition "coupon", but he took the Coalition Liberal whip when Parliament assembled in 1919.
  • b Baker was expelled from the House of Commons in 1954 after being convicted of fraud, forgery and uttering and sentenced to seven years imprisonment.

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: South Norfolk[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Bacon 35,580 58.2 +4.0
Labour Danielle Glavin 18,902 30.9 +12.5
Liberal Democrat Christopher Brown 5,074 8.3 +0.1
Green Catherine Rowett 1,555 2.5 -2.9
Majority 16,678 27.3
Turnout 61,111 73.6
Conservative hold Swing -4.3
General Election 2015: South Norfolk[5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Bacon 30,995 54.3 +4.9
Labour Deborah Sacks[7] 10,502 18.4 +5.2
UKIP Barry Cameron[8] 7,847 13.7 +9.5
Liberal Democrat Jacky Howe[9] 4,689 8.2 -21.2
Green Catherine Rowett[10] 3,090 5.4 +3.6
Majority 20,493 35.9
Turnout 57,123 72.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 2010: South Norfolk[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Bacon 27,133 49.3 +4.6
Liberal Democrat Jacky Howe 16,193 29.4 -0.4
Labour Mick Castle 7,252 13.2 -9.3
UKIP Evan Heasley 2,329 4.2 +1.4
BNP Helen Mitchell 1,086 2.0 +2.0
Green Jo Willcott 1,000 1.8 +1.8
Majority 10,940 19.9
Turnout 54,993 72.2 +3.1
Conservative hold Swing +3.3

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: South Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Bacon 26,399 44.8 +2.6
Liberal Democrat Ian Mack 17,617 29.9 +0.0
Labour John Morgan 13,262 22.5 -2.0
UKIP Philip Tye 1,696 2.9 +1.4
Majority 8,782 14.9
Turnout 58,974 68.7 +1.1
Conservative hold Swing 1.3
General Election 2001: South Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Bacon 23,589 42.2 +2.0
Liberal Democrat Anne Lee 16,696 29.9 +1.6
Labour Mark Wells 13,719 24.5 -1.5
Green Stephanie Ross-Wagenknect 1,069 1.9 +1.1
UKIP Joe Neal 856 1.5 +0.9
Majority 6,893 12.3
Turnout 55,929 67.6 -10.7
Conservative hold Swing 0.2

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: South Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John MacGregor 24,935 40.2 -12.4
Liberal Democrat Barbara Hacker 17,557 28.3 +1.3
Labour Jane Ross 16,188 26.1 +8.0
Referendum Patricia Bateson 2,533 4.1 +4.1
Green Stephanie Ross-Wagenknecht 484 0.8 -0.2
UKIP Anthony Boddy 400 0.6 +0.6
Majority 7,378 11.9 -13.7
Turnout 79,239 78.37 -5.62
Conservative hold Swing -6.8
General Election 1992: South Norfolk[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John MacGregor 36,081 52.6 -0.8
Liberal Democrat Christopher Brocklebank-Fowler 18,516 27.0 -6.9
Labour CJ Needle 12,422 18.1 +5.4
Green S Ross-Wagenknecht 702 1.0 +1.0
Natural Law N Clark 320 0.5 +0.5
Independent R Peacock 304 0.4 +0.4
Independent Conservative R Watkins 232 0.3 +0.3
Majority 17,565 25.6 +6.0
Turnout 68,577 83.99 -3.03
Conservative hold Swing +3.0

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: South Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John MacGregor 33,912 53.4 -0.8
Liberal RAP Carden 21,494 33.9 +1.1
Labour L Addison 8,047 12.7 -0.3
Majority 12,418 19.6 -1.8
Turnout 63,453 80.96 +3.75
Conservative hold Swing -0.9
General Election 1983: South Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John MacGregor 30,747 54.2 -0.3
Liberal RA Carden 18,612 32.8 +17.5
Labour HA Holzer 7,408 13.0 -17.2
Majority 12,135 21.4 +9.4
Turnout 56,767 77.21 -1.94
Conservative hold Swing +4.7

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: South Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John MacGregor 42,792 54.5 +9.0
Labour PJ Davies 23,755 30.2 -2.6
Liberal J Bristol 11,990 15.3 -5.9
Majority 19,037 24.2 +11.5
Turnout 78,537 78.35 +2.15
Conservative hold Swing +5.8
General Election October 1974: South Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John MacGregor 31,478 45.5 +1.2
Labour H Gray 22,713 32.8 +3.2
Liberal M Scott 14,687 21.2 -4.4
United Democratic Party CC Fairhead 317 0.5 +0.0
Majority 8,765 12.7 -2.1
Turnout 69195 76.20 -6.59
Conservative hold Swing -1.0
General Election February 1974: South Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John MacGregor 33,059 44.3
Labour RJ Truman 22,040 29.6
Liberal M Scott 19,115 25.6
Independent Progressive CC Fairhead 337 0.5
Majority 11,019 14.8
Turnout 74,551 82.79
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: South Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hill 22,614 51.9
Labour Cyril Shaw 17,172 39.4
Liberal Basil Goldstone 3,811 8.7
Majority 5,442 12.5
Turnout 43,597 78.50
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: South Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hill 16,968 44.78
Labour Geoffrey B L Bennett 16,849 44.46
Liberal Robert L Crouch 4,079 10.76
Majority 119 0.31
Turnout 81.40
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: South Norfolk[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hill 17,178 46.42
Labour Frank R Thompson 15,012 40.56
Liberal Barry HP Turner 4,819 13.02
Majority 2,166 5.85
Turnout 82.66
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General election 1959: South Norfolk[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hill 19,275 53.8 +1.7
Labour John MacLennan Stewart 16,542 46.2 −1.7
Majority 2,733 7.6 +3.5
Turnout 35,817 82.4 +0.6
Conservative hold Swing +1.7
General election May 1955: South Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hill 18,690 52.1 +0.6
Labour John MacLennan Stewart 17,215 47.9 −0.6
Majority 1,475 4.11 +1.2
Turnout 35,905 81.8
Conservative hold Swing +0.6
South Norfolk by-election 1955
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hill 15,119 51.5 −3.0
Labour John MacLennan Stewart 14,254 48.5 +3.0
Majority 865 2.9 −6.1
Turnout 29,373
Conservative hold Swing −3.0
General election 1951: South Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Baker 19,610 54.5 +4.0
Labour Lynton Scutts 16,371 45.5 +1.8
Majority 3,239 9.0 +3.2
Turnout 35,981 82.4 −1.2
Conservative hold Swing +1.1
General election 1950: South Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Baker 18,143 50.5 +18.0
Labour Christopher Mayhew 15,714 43.7 −6.6
Liberal George Q Bryant 2,097 5.8 N/A
Majority 2,439 6.8 N/A
Turnout 35,954 83.6 +24.6
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +12.3

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Norfolk Southern
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Christopher Mayhew 16,825 50.3 +8.2
Conservative John Sandeman Allen 10,862 32.5 −25.4
Independent Conservative J Holt Wilson 5,761 17.2 N/A
Majority 5,963 17.8 N/A
Turnout 33,448 69.0 −4.5
Registered electors 48,451
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +16.8

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Norfolk Southern[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Christie 18,420 57.9 −7.6
Labour Colin Clark 13,409 42.1 +7.6
Majority 5,011 15.8 −15.2
Turnout 31,829 73.5 −4.3
Registered electors 43,294
Conservative hold Swing −7.6
General Election 1931: Norfolk Southern[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Christie 21,195 65.5 +23.5
Labour Edwin Gooch 11,148 34.5 -
Majority 10,047 31.0 +23.5
Turnout 32,343 77.8 +1.8
Registered electors 41,551
Conservative hold Swing +11.8

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Norfolk South [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist James Christie 12,978 42.0 −13.5
Labour George Young 10,686 34.5 −10.0
Liberal Ieuan Watkins-Evans 7,268 23.5 N/A
Majority 2,292 7.5 −3.5
Turnout 30,932 76.0 −0.5
Registered electors 40,701
Unionist hold Swing −1.7
General Election 1924: Norfolk South [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist James Christie 14,189 55.5 +7.4
Labour George Edwards 11,376 44.5 −7.4
Majority 2,813 11.0 N/A
Turnout 25,565 76.5 +8.2
Registered electors 33,409
Unionist gain from Labour Swing +7.4
General Election 1923: Norfolk South [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Edwards 11,682 51.9 +7.5
Unionist Thomas William Hay 10,821 48.1 −7.5
Majority 861 3.8 N/A
Turnout 22,503 68.3 −2.5
Registered electors 32,937
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +7.5
General Election 1922: Norfolk South [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Thomas William Hay 12,734 45.7 N/A
Labour George Edwards 10,159 44.4 +8.7
Majority 861 3.8 N/A
Turnout 22,893 70.8 +15.0
Registered electors 32,326
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing N/A
South Norfolk by-election, 1920[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Edwards 8,594 45.7 +10.0
Coalition Liberal James Henley Batty 6,476 34.5 N/A
Liberal Charles Roberts 3,718 19.8 −44.5
Majority 2,118 11.2 −17.4
Turnout 18,788 58.5 +2.7
Registered electors 32,131
Labour gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Norfolk South [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Cozens-Hardy 11,755 64.3 +4.7
Labour George Edwards 6,536 35.7 N/A
Majority 5,219 28.6 +9.4
Turnout 18,291 55.8 −25.5
Registered electors 32,796
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election, December 1910: Norfolk South [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Wellesley Soames 4,740 59.6 +3.2
Unionist T.S. Timmis 3,212 40.4 −3.2
Majority 1,528 19.2 +6.4
Turnout 7,952 81.3 −5.4
Registered electors 9,779
Liberal hold Swing +3.2
General Election, January 1910: Norfolk South [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Wellesley Soames 4,781 56.4 −0.7
Unionist E.R.A. Kerrison 3,694 43.6 +0.7
Majority 1,087 12.8 −1.4
Turnout 8,475 86.7 +1.7
Registered electors 9,779
Liberal hold Swing −0.7

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906: Norfolk South [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Wellesley Soames 4,677 57.1 +4.3
Unionist Edward Mann 3,519 42.9 −4.3
Majority 1,158 14.2 +8.6
Turnout 8,196 85.0 +6.8
Registered electors 9,643
Liberal hold Swing +4.3
General Election 1900: Norfolk South [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Wellesley Soames 3,986 52.8 N/A
Unionist Edward Mann 3,566 47.2 +2.6
Majority 420 5.6 N/A
Turnout 7,552 78.2 −0.3
Registered electors 9,654
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing N/A

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

By-election, 1898: Norfolk South [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Wellesley Soames 4,626 58.4 N/A
Unionist J.S. Holmes 3,296 41.6 −3.0
Majority 1,330 16.8 N/A
Turnout 7,922 82.3 +3.8
Registered electors 9,625
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing N/A
General Election 1895: Norfolk South [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Francis Taylor 4,281 55.4 +0.6
Unionist T.H. Dolbey 3,445 44.6 −0.6
Majority 836 10.8 +1.2
Turnout 7,726 78.5 −5.9
Registered electors 9,847
Liberal Unionist hold Swing +0.6
General Election 1892: Norfolk South [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Francis Taylor 4,288 54.8 N/A
Unionist A.G. Kitching 3,535 45.2 N/A
Majority 753 9.6 N/A
Turnout 7,823 88.4 +8.3
Registered electors 8,848
Liberal Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Norfolk South [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Francis Taylor Unopposed
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal
General Election 1885: Norfolk South [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Francis Taylor 4,530 55.8
Conservative Robert Buxton 3,588 44.2
Majority 942 11.6
Turnout 8,118 80.1
Registered electors 10,141
Liberal hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years. However from 1868-85 the constituency elected two members (see history)
  3. ^ Where the hustings stood, at which nominations were made, votes cast before the introduction of multiple polling districts in county constituencies and the result was declared)
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
  3. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 2)
  4. ^ "Statement of Persons Nominated - South Norfolk Constituency" (PDF). South Norfolk Council. Retrieved 12 May 2017. 
  5. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved May 15, 2017. 
  6. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/politics/constituencies/E14000941
  7. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/05/norfolk-south-2015.html
  8. ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/2015guide/norfolksouth/
  9. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/05/norfolk-south-2015.html
  10. ^ https://twitter.com/catherinerowett
  11. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2017. 
  12. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ [2]
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h Craig, F.W.S., ed. (1969). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949. Glasgow: Springer International Publishing AG. p. 419. Retrieved 14 May 2017. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 355. 

Sources[edit]

  • Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
  • British Parliamentary Constituencies: A Statistical Compendium, by Ivor Crewe and Anthony Fox (Faber and Faber 1984)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (The Macmillan Press 1977)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press, revised edition 1977)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services 1983)
  • Social Geography of British Elections 1885-1910. by Henry Pelling (Macmillan 1967)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886-1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume III 1919-1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1979)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume IV 1945-1979, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1981)

Coordinates: 52°30′N 1°24′E / 52.5°N 1.4°E / 52.5; 1.4