South Norfolk (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of South Norfolk in Norfolk.
Location of Norfolk within England.
|Electorate||77,316 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Richard Bacon (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One (Two 1868-1885)|
|European Parliament constituency||East of England|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 Members of Parliament
- 3 Elections
- 4 See also
- 5 Notes and references
- 6 Sources
The Reform Act 1867 led, the following year, to the county's redistribution into three, two member, county divisions. The three divisions, from the United Kingdom general election, 1868 became this one, the North and modified Western division.
The Southern division had its place of election[n 3] at Norwich. This was the same place of election as the abolished Eastern division. In 1868 the same two MPs who had sat for East Norfolk before its end were re-elected from this constituency.
Under the provisions of the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, single member constituencies became the norm and greater equalisation in electorate occurred. In Norfolk the three, two member, county divisions were changed to six single member seats. These were this constituency, a revived East Norfolk, Mid Norfolk, North Norfolk, North West Norfolk and South West Norfolk.
In the 1885 redistribution this constituency consisted of the Sessional Divisions of Depwade, Diss, Earsham, Loddon and Clavering, and Swainsthorpe. It bordered Mid Norfolk to the west, the borough constituency of Norwich and East Norfolk to the north, the borough of Great Yarmouth and the Suffolk constituency of Lowestoft to the east and another Suffolk division, Eye, to the south.
From the Representation of the People Act 1918, the constituency comprised the local government divisions:
1918-1950: The Urban District of Diss, the Rural Districts of Depwade, Forehoe, Henstead, and Wayland, and part of the Rural District of Thetford.
1950-1974: The Municipal Borough of Thetford, the Urban Districts of Diss and Wymondham, and the Rural Districts of Depwade, Loddon, and Wayland. These areas combined to produce a somewhat more urban constituency than before.
1974-1983: The Municipal Borough of Thetford, the Urban Districts of Diss and Wymondham, and the Rural Districts of Depwade, Forehoe and Henstead, Loddon, and Wayland. This was the last redistribution before a major reorganisation of local government, which amalgamated many of the smaller local authorities.
1983-1997: A further reduction of area in the 1983 redistribution meant that the seat now consisted of the entire District of South Norfolk. The other part of the old seat (Thetford and Wayland) was transferred to the redrawn Norfolk South West constituency.
1997-2010: Continuing population growth led to another reduction in the constituency's territory. It comprised the District of South Norfolk except the wards of Cringleford and Colney, and New Costessey (which were now in Norwich South).
2010-present: The Boundary Commission for England reduced the wide part of the District of South Norfolk comprising the constituency: eight wards became part of other seats. The seat now has electoral wards:
Beck Vale, Bressingham and Burston, Brooke, Bunwell, Chedgrave and Thurton, Cringleford, Dickleburgh, Diss, Ditchingham and Broome, Earsham, Easton, Forncett, Gillingham, Harleston, Hempnall, Hethersett, Loddon, Mulbarton, Newton Flotman, Old Costessey, Poringland with the Framinghams, Rockland, Roydon, Scole, Stoke Holy Cross, Stratton, Tasburgh, and Thurlton.
Members of Parliament
MPs 1868 – 1885 (two seats)
|Election||1st Member||1st Party||2nd Member||2nd Party|
|1868||Clare Sewell Read||Conservative||Edward Howes||Conservative|
|1871||Sir Robert Jacob Buxton, Bt||Conservative|
|1880||Robert Thornhagh Gurdon||Liberal|
|1885||representation reduced to one member|
MPs since 1885 (one seat)
|1898 by-election||Arthur Soames||Liberal|
|1918||William Cozens-Hardy a||Liberal|
|1920 by-election||George Edwards||Labour|
|1950||Peter Baker b||Conservative||Expelled from Parliament 1954|
|1955 by-election||John Hill||Conservative|
|Feb 1974||John MacGregor||Conservative||Later Baron MacGregor of Pulham Market; Cabinet Minister 1985-1994|
- a Cozens-Hardy stood at the United Kingdom general election, 1918 as a Liberal without the Coalition "coupon", but he took the Coalition Liberal whip when Parliament assembled in 1919.
- b Baker was expelled from the House of Commons in 1954 after being convicted of fraud, forgery and uttering and sentenced to seven years imprisonment.
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Jacky Howe||4,689||8.2||-21.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Jacky Howe||16,193||29.4||-0.4|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Ian Mack||17,617||29.9||+0.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Anne Lee||16,696||29.9||+1.6|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Barbara Hacker||17,557||28.3||+1.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Christopher Brocklebank-Fowler||18,516||27.0||-6.9|
|Natural Law||N Clark||320||0.5||+0.5|
|Independent Conservative||R Watkins||232||0.3||+0.3|
Elections in the 1980s
Elections in the 1970s
|United Democratic Party||CC Fairhead||317||0.5||+0.0|
|Independent Progressive||CC Fairhead||337||0.5|
|Conservative||John Edward Bernard Hill||22,614||51.9|
|Liberal||Basil E Goldstone||3,811||8.7|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||John Edward Bernard Hill||16,968||44.78|
|Labour||Geoffrey B L Bennett||16,849||44.46|
|Liberal||Robert L Crouch||4,079||10.76|
|Conservative||John Edward Bernard Hill||17,178||46.42|
|Labour||Frank R Thompson||15,012||40.56|
|Liberal||Barry HP Turner||4,819||13.02|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||John MacLennan Stewart||16,542||46.2||−1.7|
|Labour||John MacLennan Stewart||17,215||47.9||−0.6|
|Conservative||John Edward Bernard Hill||15,119||51.5||−3.0|
|Labour||John MacLennan Stewart||14,254||48.5||+3.0|
|Conservative||Peter Arthur David Baker||19,610||54.5||+4.0|
|Conservative||Peter Arthur David Baker||18,143||50.5||+18.0|
|Labour||Christopher Paget Mayhew||15,714||43.7||−6.6|
|Liberal||George Q Bryant||2,097||5.8||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+12.3|
Election in the 1940s
|Labour||Christopher Paget Mayhew||16,825||50.30|
|Conservative||John Sandeman Allen||10,862||32.47|
|Independent Conservative||J Holt Wilson||5,761||17.22|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1940s
|Conservative||James Archibald Christie||18,420||57.87|
|Labour||Colin Grant Clark||13,409||42.13|
|Conservative||James Archibald Christie||21,195||65.53|
|Labour||Edwin George Gooch||11,148||34.47|
Elections in the 1920s
|Unionist||James Archibald Christie||12,978||42.0||-13.5|
|Unionist||Thomas William Hay||10,821||48.1|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing|
|Coalition Liberal||James Henley Batty||6,476||34.5||−29.8|
|Liberal||Charles Henry Roberts||3,718||19.8||N/A|
|Labour gain from Coalition Liberal||Swing|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years. However from 1868-85 the constituency elected two members (see history)
- Where the hustings stood, at which nominations were made, votes cast before the introduction of multiple polling districts in county constituencies and the result was declared)
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
- British Parliamentary Constituencies: A Statistical Compendium, by Ivor Crewe and Anthony Fox (Faber and Faber 1984)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (The Macmillan Press 1977)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press, revised edition 1977)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services 1983)
- Social Geography of British Elections 1885-1910. by Henry Pelling (Macmillan 1967)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886-1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume III 1919-1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1979)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume IV 1945-1979, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1981)