South Northamptonshire (UK Parliament constituency)

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For the constituency in the south of Northampton, see Northampton South (UK Parliament constituency).
South Northamptonshire
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of South Northamptonshire in Northamptonshire for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of Northamptonshire within England.
County Northamptonshire
Electorate 82,956 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Brackley, Towcester
Current constituency
Created 2010
Member of parliament Andrea Leadsom (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Daventry
19501974
Number of members One
Replaced by Daventry
Created from Daventry
18321918
Number of members 1832–1885: Two
1885–1918: One
Replaced by Daventry
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East Midlands

South Northamptonshire is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 recreation by Andrea Leadsom, a Conservative who has been Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs since 14 July 2016.[n 2]

History[edit]

Before 2010, the constituency existed from 1832–1918, and from 1950-1974, however on different boundaries during each period. It elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) by the bloc vote system of election from 1832, until the representation was reduced in 1885 to one member elected by the first past the post system.

Prominent members

Three names feature prominently among the area's Commons members, the 3rd and 5th Earl Spencer (during their tenures as MP having a courtesy title only, Viscount Althorp - Althorp is a major country house in the seat, well known as the childhood home of Princess Diana of Wales); Edward Fitzroy (son of Lord Southampton), Speaker of the House of Commons from 1928 until his death in 1943; and lastly, Reginald Manningham-Buller, 1st Viscount Dilhorne who on accomplishment of a peerage sat for the final two years of his life as the historic equivalent of the President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom with additional functions, the Lord Chancellor.

In the 19th century history of the seat the Cartwright family (with three members) lived in the stately home Aynhoe Park near Banbury.

History of boundaries

The seat was abolished in 1918 to form the new constituency of Daventry, then recreated in 1950 caused by a relatively short-lived abolition of Daventry. In 1974 the constituency was almost wholly swallowed up by a reborn Daventry, which on wide boundaries saw substantial population growth.

This called for recreation in 2010 whereby most of the electoral wards were taken from the former version of the Daventry seat.

Present bordering constituencies

The constituency is bordered by Daventry and Northampton South to the north, Wellingborough to the north east, Milton Keynes North and Milton Keynes South to the south east, Buckingham to the south, Banbury to the south west and Kenilworth and Southam to the west.

Boundaries[edit]

1885-1918: The Sessional Divisions of Brackley and Towcester, and part of the Sessional Division of Daventry.

1950-1974: The Municipal Boroughs of Brackley and Daventry, and the Rural Districts of Brackley, Daventry, Northampton, and Towcester.

2010-present: The District of South Northamptonshire wards of Astwell, Blakesley, Blisworth, Brackley East, Brackley South, Brackley West, Chase, Cogenhoe, Cosgrove, Courteenhall, Deanshanger, Grafton, Kings Sutton, Kingthorn, Little Brook, Middleton Cheney, Salcey, Silverstone, Steane, Tove, Towcester Brook, Towcester Mill, Wardoun, Washington, Whittlewood, and Yardley, and the Borough of Northampton wards of East Hunsbury, Nene Valley, and West Hunsbury.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1832–1885[edit]

Election 1st Member[2][3] 1st Party 2nd Member[2] 2nd Party
1832 Viscount Althorp Whig William Ralph Cartwright Tory
1835 Sir Charles Knightley, Bt Conservative[4]
1846 by-election Cpt. Richard Vyse[n 3] Conservative
1852 Rainald Knightley Conservative
1857 Viscount Althorp Liberal
1858 by-election Col. Henry Cartwright Conservative
1868 Fairfax Cartwright Conservative
1881 by-election Pickering Phipps Conservative
1885 Redistribution of Seats Act: reduced to one member

MPs 1885–1918[edit]

Year Member[2] Party
1885 Sir Rainald Knightley Conservative
1892 David Charles Guthrie[n 4] Liberal
1895 Hon. Edward Douglas-Pennant Conservative
1900 Hon. Edward FitzRoy Conservative
1906 Archibald Grove Liberal
1910 Hon. Edward FitzRoy Conservative
1917 National Party
1918 Unionist
1918 Constituency abolished, but revived in 1950

MPs 1950–1974[edit]

Election Member[2] Party Notes
1950 Reginald Manningham-Buller Conservative Resigned 1962 on being raised to the peerage
1962 by-election Arthur Jones Conservative
Feb 1974 Constituency abolished, but revived in 2010

MPs since 2010[edit]

Election Member[2] Party
2010 Andrea Leadsom Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: South Northamptonshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrea Leadsom[7] 36,607 60.1 +4.9
Labour Lucy Mills 10,191 16.7 -0.6
UKIP Roger Clark[8] 8,204 13.5 +9.5
Liberal Democrat Tom Snowdon[9] 3,613 5.9 -15.1
Green Damon Boughen[10] 2,247 3.7 +2.5
Majority 26,416 43.4
Turnout 60,862 71.1
Conservative hold Swing +2.75
General Election 2010: South Northamptonshire[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrea Leadsom 33,081 55.2 +3.7
Liberal Democrat Scott Collins 12,603 21.0 +3.9
Labour Matthew May 10,380 17.3 -11.4
UKIP Barry Mahoney 2,406 4.0 +1.4
English Democrat Tony Tappy 735 1.2 N/A
Green Marcus Rock 685 1.1 N/A
Majority 20,478 34.2
Turnout 59,890 73.0
Conservative hold Swing +3.8

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: South Northamptonshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Albert Arthur Jones 29,070 51.16
Labour Gordon J. Roberts 21,131 37.18
Liberal C. A. Peter Smout 6,626 11.66
Majority 7,939 13.97
Turnout 77.87
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: South Northamptonshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Albert Arthur Jones 25,023 52.84
Labour Graham T. Ridge 22,332 47.16
Majority 2,691 5.68
Turnout 82.18
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: South Northamptonshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Albert Arthur Jones 24,823 54.27
Labour Ivor Wilde 20,916 45.73
Majority 3,907 8.54
Turnout 83.04
Conservative hold Swing
South Northamptonshire by-election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Albert Arthur Jones 14,921 41.15
Labour Ivor Wilde 14,004 38.62
Liberal N. Picarda 7,002 19.31
Independent P. Buchan 332 0.9
Majority 917 2.53
Turnout 36,259
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: South Northamptonshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir Reginald Edward Manningham-Buller 24,226 56.98
Labour Arthur Richardson 18,292 43.02
Majority 5,934 13.96
Turnout 82.72
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: South Northamptonshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir Reginald Edward Manningham-Buller 21,497 55.35
Labour Ronald Howard Lewis 17,339 44.65
Majority 4,158 10.71
Turnout 81.56
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: South Northamptonshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Reginald Edward Manningham-Buller 21,282 53.59
Labour Dennis G. Webb 18,434 46.41
Majority 2,848 7.17
Turnout 85.90
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: South Northamptonshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Reginald Edward Manningham-Buller 18,612 47.62 n/a
Labour Dennis G. Webb 16,852 43.12 n/a
Liberal Llewellyn Evans 3,620 9.26 n/a
Majority 1,760 4.50 n/a
Turnout 87.10 n/a
Conservative win

Election results 1885-1918[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Northamptonshire South [13][14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir Rainald Knightley 4,074 n/a
Liberal Sir Maurice Fitzgerald 4,012 n/a
Majority 62 n/a
Turnout 83.9 n/a
Conservative win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Northamptonshire South [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir Rainald Knightley 4,003
Liberal Sir James Morse Carmichael 3,687
Majority 316
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Northamptonshire South [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Charles Guthrie 3,930
Conservative Thomas Robert Brooke Leslie-Melville-Cartwright 3,882
Majority 48
Turnout
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
Douglas-Pennant
General Election 1895: Northamptonshire South [14][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Sholto Douglas-Pennant 4,553
Liberal David Charles Guthrie 3,324
Majority 1,229
Turnout
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Northamptonshire South [14][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Algernon FitzRoy 4,174
Liberal Thomas Newcomen Archibald Grove 3,166
Majority 1,008
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
Grove
General Election 1906: Northamptonshire South [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Newcomen Archibald Grove 4,136
Conservative Hon. Charles Douglas-Pennant 3,814
Majority
Turnout
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Kellaway
General Election January 1910: Northamptonshire South [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Algernon FitzRoy 4,565
Liberal Frederick George Kellaway 3,955
Majority
Turnout
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election December 1910: Northamptonshire South [19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Algernon FitzRoy 4,340
Liberal Arthur Augustus Thomas 3,827
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Later a member for Windsor: November 4, 1863 - July 11, 1865
  4. ^ This source [5]
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ Millbank Systems list of MPs
  4. ^ Millbank Systems - reference to government on the opposition benches, July 1836
    Note that at this time party affiliations were only beginning to become more rigid.
  5. ^ Hansard at Millbank Systems has no debates from November-December 1892 but from this source it seems David Guthrie never spoke in Parliament.
  6. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  7. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/05/northamptonshire-south-2015.html
  8. ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/2015guide/northamptonshiresouth/
  9. ^ "Tom Snowdon". East Midlands Lib Dems. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  10. ^ https://my.greenparty.org.uk/candidates/106196
  11. ^ Statement of Persons Nominated, South Northamptonshire Council
  12. ^ BBC News website for South Northamptonshire - NB the BBC name is incorrect and confuses with Northampton South
  13. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  14. ^ a b c d e f The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  15. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  16. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  17. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  18. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  19. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  20. ^ Northampton Mercury 10 Apr 1914

Coordinates: 52°06′N 1°03′W / 52.10°N 1.05°W / 52.10; -1.05