South Oil Company
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (January 2010)|
|شركة نفط الجنوب|
|Parent agency||Ministry of Oil|
South Oil Company (SOC) is a national Iraqi company responsible for the oil in the south of Iraq. It is situated in Basrah, Iraq. South oil company is one of the major fundamental formations of the Iraq National Oil Company (INOC). It was the first nucleus and the basis of national direct investment projects in the 1970s, where the SOC was subsidiary to the national company.
Events and activities have escalated steadily and rapidly, rising since the beginning of the 1970s. Investment and development stages of the north Rumaila field were completed in three stages, leading to a rate of production of 42 million tons per year and this coincided with the expansion of works in all fields.
The expansion began with drilling works, building and expanding production facilities, and implementing investment projects associated with natural gas fields in north and south Rumaila. Also developing new fields in Luhais, Saba, Nuhran Ben Ummer and oil fields in Maysan. Laying out an exporting pipe line, expanding export facilities and infrastructure sites for the comp.
Provision for staff
The company has provided housing and health care for staff and achieved ambitious plans in the fields of rehabilitation and development. It has created institutes and centers for training, technical and administrative development.
During the mid–1970s there was a decree to nationalize the Basra oil company (BPC) and the activities of the Erab company in Maysan. There was attachment to the oil operation and establishment of the national oil company.
The SOC was classified as the first company in Iraq and the eighth in production rating for global oil companies. The company activities covered a geographical area of 180,000 m² stretching from the Persian Gulf to Hadeth. During the 1970s the maximum rate of production from the south field was 2.75 million barrels per day (437,000 m3/d) and the planned limit was 4 million barrels per day (640,000 m3/d).
The SOC was exposed to substantial damage during the war (1991). This reduced the production level to 2 million barrels per day (320,000 m3/d) before the events of the year 2003. After the events of the year 2003 the whole of the fields, establishments and facilities of the company were damaged by vandalism, theft, arson and destruction. The destruction ratio was 80-90% of the SOC's property. This caused production to drop to 150,000 barrels per day (24,000 m3/d).
By extensive and intensive reconstruction the company managed to increase production to 500,000 barrels per day (79,000 m3/d) during the month of June the same year. It exported the first shipment of oil from the company's port during the same month. Thanks to the efforts of the staff, the company was able to restore production to 2.15 million barrels per day (342,000 m3/d) during the first quarter of the year 2004.