South Ossetian Army
|South Ossetic Army
The South Ossetian Army is the ground forces element of the South Ossetic military. Formed in 1992, the South Ossetian Army is the primary defense force in the breakaway sovereign region of South Ossetia, largely considered to be within recognized Georgian territory.
- 1 Formations
- 2 Personnel and Training
- 3 Suppliers
- 4 Equipment
- 5 Parts of uniform
- 6 Conflicts
- 7 South Ossetic Army Spetsnaz
- 8 References
- General Staff
- Intelligence Company
- Communications Battalion
- Transport Battalion
- 10 Battalion
- 11 Battalion
- 13 Battalion
- 15 Battalion
- Tank Brigade
- Logistics Brigade
- 17 Battalion
- 18 Battalion
- 19 Battalion
- 20 Battalion
- 21 Battalion
- 22 Battalion
- 23 Battalion
- 25 Battalion
- 26 Battalion
Personnel and Training
There are 2500 active members and approximately 16000 reserve members within the South Ossetian Army (SOA). Since the establishment of the South Ossetic Military in 1992, the SOA has played a major role in several regional conflicts. Most recognizable, was the 2008 War in South Ossetia.
Training within the SOA is conducted by both experienced South Ossetic troops and members of the Russian VDV.In August 2009 the SOA and Russia reorganized the 4 Air Mobile Brigade, as a joint forces brigade, which would have an active Russian military base in South Ossetia. The Russian Airborne Troops are reported to have established an active military base outside of Java, South Ossetia and are reported to have trained SOA recruits since the summer of 2009.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (October 2012)|
Foreign suppliers Russia.
- AKM/AK-74: Assault rifle
- RPK: Light machine gun
- PK machine gun: General purpose machine gun
- NSV (machine gun): Heavy machine gun
- RPG-7: Rocket-propelled grenade
- Makarov PM Handgun
Main battle tanks
- T-72 (T-72A plus some T-72Sim1 captured by Russia from Georgia in the August 2008 war, and given to S. Ossetia)
- T-62 (unknown status)
- T-55 (in reserve since 2011)
Armoured personnel carriers
Multi-launch rocket system
Parts of uniform
- Dark Green:All Standard SOA Personnel
- Light Blue:Russian Airborne Infantry and joint 4 Air Mobile Brigade in Republic of South Ossetia.
All uniforms are donated by the Russian Ground Forces, the tri-coloured Flora pattern is standard issue throughout the SOA. But when the organization of the SOA is completed by the South Ossetic Defence Ministry in 2012. It is planned that the SOA will be wearing a variant of the Ukrainian BDU camouflage.
The prelude to the conflict began with violent clashes on Wednesday, 6 August 2008 with both sides claiming having been fired upon by the other. The Georgian interior ministry indicated Georgian forces had returned fire only after South Ossetian positions shelled Georgian-controlled villages and accused the South Ossetian side of "trying to create an illusion of serious escalation, an illusion of war." South Ossetia denied provoking the conflict.
On 7 August, Georgian and Ossetian forces agreed on a ceasefire.
In the first hours of 8 August 2008, a massive attack by Georgian troops, armour and airforce commenced on South Ossetian-controlled territory, plus repeated artillery shelling of the capital, Tskhinvali, with multiple rocket launchers. On the same day, twelve Russian peacekeepers were killed and nearly 150 injured.
At least one former Georgian government official has testified that Georgia started the war with the approval of the United States government. Erosi Kitsmarishvili, Georgia's former ambassador to Moscow and a confidant of President Mikheil Saakashvili, testified to the Parliament of Georgia that Georgian officials told him in April 2008 that they planned to start a war in Abkhazia, one of two breakaway regions at issue in the war, and had received a green light from the United States government to do so. He said the Georgian government later decided to start the war in South Ossetia, the other region, and continue into Abkhazia.
South Ossetic Army Spetsnaz
It is rumored[by whom?] that the SOA has established a small company-sized group of specially trained SOA Spetsnaz based out of 4 Air Mobile Brigade HQ in Java. The SOA Spetsnaz is reported to have been training in Russia since late 2009, and has a strength of approximately 65 personnel. If existent, the SOA Spetsnaz would be highly trained in Direct Action, Special Reconnaissance, Search and Destroy, and personnel recovery missions. The SOA Spetsnaz would be distinguishable by their scarlet berets.
- Aljazeera.net report from multiple news agencies.
- Six Die in S. Ossetia Shootout, Civil Georgia, 2 August 2008. (Google cache)
- "Security Council holds third emergency meeting as South Ossetia conflict intensifies, expands to other parts of Georgia".
- "Talking Through Gritted Teeth. BBC Monitoring, 6 August 2008".
-  Day-by-day: Georgia-Russia crisis
-  Chronicle of the Second South-Ossetian War, in Russian
- Ossetian crisis: Who started it?, BBC
-  In Tskhinvali killed 15 peacemakers, in Russian
- New York Times, 25 November 2008, "Ex-Diplomat Says Georgia Started War With Russia" http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/26/world/europe/26georgia.html