South Ossetian presidential election, 2012

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South Ossetian presidential election, 2012
South Ossetia
← 2011 25 March and 8 April 2012 2017 →
Nominee Leonid Tibilov David Sanakoyev
Percentage 53.74% 42.98%

Acting President before election

Vadim Brovtsev


Leonid Tibilov

Coat of arms of South Ossetia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
South Ossetia
See also

A presidential election was held in South Ossetia on 25 March, with a runoff scheduled on 8 April 2012.[1] This election would choose the first full president since the country gained partial international recognition.[2]


The date was set by the parliament after the 2011 election was annulled by the Supreme Court after Alla Dzhioyeva was disqualified following allegations of electoral violations by Anatoly Bibilov.[2] A deal was reached on 9 December 2011 under which the incumbent Kokoity stepped down at the end of his mandate and was replaced by Prime Minister Vadim Brovtsev as acting president.[3] Though Dzhioyeva was previously barred from running again, she was allowed to register in the re-run of the election. However, Kokoity and his supporters reneged on parts of the deal,[which?] calling into question the stability of the compromise.[4]


No candidate participating in the 2011 election registered, including the previous leaders Dzihoyeva and Bibilov. There were four registered candidates:[5]

Dzhioyeva did not register to run in the election after she was in hospital with allegations of being beaten and held against her will.[6]


Tibilov and Sanakoyev disagreed with former President Eduard Kokoity who said that South Ossetia would eventually be a part of Russia. Sanakoyev said: "In November–December [2011], it became very clear that those supported by Kokoity did not win. Everyone saw it."[2]

Opinion poll[edit]

A week before the election, an opinion poll by the IR media centre suggested Medoyev or Tibilov would win.[7]


In addition to Russian observers the election commission said that it would call on the Council of Europe.[8]


With 40% of the votes counted, Tibilov was in the lead with 42.5% of the votes, Sanakoyev followed with 24.6%[9] of the votes, Medoyev was third with 23.80% of the votes and Kochiyev trailed with 5.62% of votes counted.[10] First round turnout was over 65%, with expatriate voting still to be counted.[11] Without an absolute winner the election was set for a run off.[9]

The second round occurred on Easter with 84 voting centres opening at 8:00 for the 35,000 registered voters.[6] The preliminary result with 95.64% of the ballots counted, indicated Tibilov winning with 53.74%, or 15,257, of the votes, with Sanakoyev getting 42.98%, or 12,272, of the votes.[12]

e • d Summary of the 25 March and 8 April 2012 South Ossetian presidential election results
Presidential candidate Party 1st round runoff
votes % votes %
Leonid Tibilov 11,453 42.48 15,786 54.12
David Sanakoyev 6,627 24.58 12,439 42.65
Dmitriy Medoyev 6,415 23.79
Stanislav Kochiyev Communist Party of South Ossetia 1,417 5.26
Against all 216 0.80 279 0.96
Invalid 662 2.27
Total number of votes cast 100.00 29,166 100.00
Turnout 70.28 29,166 71.26
Abstention 29.72 11,763 28.74
Total number of registered voters 40,929 100.00 40,929 100.00
Source: South Ossetian Electoral Commission 2 3


After the first round, Tibilov said that "today's figures show that my candidacy is taken normally. Let's hope the second round confirms this." He also denied having Russian backing, but said that he would consult Russia in choosing his new government.[2]

  •  Georgia – Deputy Foreign Minister Nino Kalandadze said that South Ossetia "staged a farce. No one will recognise these elections, no matter who wins."[9]
Minister for Reintegration Eka Tkeshelashvili said of that the election that it was "a continuation of farce and an imitation of elections in the Russian-occupied ethnically-cleansed region."[6]


  1. ^ "South Ossetia's presidential election rerun due March 25". ITAR TASS. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 11 December 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Tsvetkova, Maria (26 March 2012). "Ex-KGB chief leads South Ossetia presidential race | Reuters". Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  3. ^ "Dzhioyeva Threatens More Protests In South Ossetia". Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  4. ^ "South Ossetian Opposition Suffers Setbacks". Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  5. ^ "Список кандидатов в президенты РЮО". Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c d "AFP: Rebel South Ossetia holds run-off election". Google. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  7. ^ "Topic Galleries". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  8. ^ "Международное сотрудничество". 24 March 2012. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  9. ^ a b c Bedwell, Helena (26 March 2012). "South Ossetia Faces Runoff as Georgia Calls Elections a Farce". Bloomberg. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  10. ^ "Итоги обработки 40% бюллетеней". Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  11. ^ "Повторные выборы Президента РЮО 25 марта 2012 г". Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  12. ^ "Обработано 95,64% избирательных бюллетеней. Леонид Тибилов продолжает сохранять лидерство". Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  13. ^ "Заключения международных наблюдателей". Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  14. ^ "U.S. does not recognize 'elections' in Georgian separatist regions – Trend". 26 March 2012. Retrieved 10 April 2012.