South Philadelphia High School
|South Philadelphia High School
|2101 South Broad Street
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19146
|School district||The School District of Philadelphia|
|Color(s)||Red and Black|
|Website||South Philadelphia High School|
South Philadelphia High School from Broad Street
South Philadelphia High School is a public secondary high school located in the south section of Philadelphia, at the intersection of Broad Street and Snyder Avenue, just north of the South Philadelphia Sports Complex residential neighborhood, Marconi Plaza, Franklin Delano Roosevelt Park, Philadelphia Naval Shipyard and near the Passyunk Avenue urban corridor of shops and restaurants.
The school, serving grades 9 through 12, is a part of the School District of Philadelphia.
Originally built in 1907 as the Southern Manual Training High School for boys. The Philadelphia School District administrators opened the School merely as a three-year training facility for immigrant children, mostly Jewish and Italian, and children who lacked intellectual skills who "could only work with their hands". But Israel Goldstein, a student, and first alumni scholarship winner in 1911, showed to school administrators that there was more promise for academics. He graduated the school at age 14 and then graduated the University of Pennsylvania at the age of 17. Israel Goldstein became a Rabbi, an author, spiritual leader and founder of Brandeis University in Waltham Massachusetts He became a leader of the Zionist movement in America and founder of the National Conference for Christians and Jews. Due in part to young Israel Goldstein as an example of student possibilities the 3-year training facility became a full four-year co-ed High School.
In the late 1960s the population in South Philadelphia changed from predominately poor Jewish and Italian immigrant and first generation children to include low-middle income Afro-American and immigrant Asian-American children. The number of student enrollment from 1960 to 2009 declined from over 1,000 to less than 500 students. There had always been a significant Black presence at South Philadelphia High School. In the 1960s, each Fall and Spring, fights broke out between majority Italo-American and minority African-American students which either led to or were initiated by neighborhood violence which included white students from Bishop Neumann Catholic High School. Stabbings, shootings, and even homicides were connected to this violence. The school was effectively surrounded by an Italian American community(ties).
In the 2000s the school had an Asian American population that made up around 20% of the school and a African-American population of 65%-70%, <rev> Great Philly Schools</ref> The Asian American population consisted of new immigrants along with an earlier Cambodian-American refugee population that had arrived in the 1980s and 1990s . Tammy Kim of Hyphen said "the school, despite its otherwise nefarious reputation, has become well known for its [English as a second language] program.". White students now make up 6% of the student body. Retrieved on October 30, 2015. While vibrant Italian-American and Irish-American communities remain vital components of the new multicultural/gentrifying South Philadelphia, these groups now compose 19.6% and 10/4% in zip codes,19145 through 19148.
|This section needs to be updated. (June 2011)|
In December 2009, several Asian American students accused the school district of mishandling racial attacks that targeted Asian-American students. On December 4, 2009, 26 Asian-American immigrant students, most of whom were of Chinese and Vietnamese descent, were attacked by a large group of mostly African American students near campus. Officials involved in resolving the incident, including Superintendent Arlene Ackerman and retired U.S. District Court Judge James T. Giles, were accused of failing to address the rising racial tension between different ethnic groups within the school, mishandling key evidence and eyewitness accounts in recent related attacks, and falsely accusing and punishing Asian-American students for inciting the attacks. Their actions prompted national outrage and boycotts from local Asian-American communities. Federal, state, and local agencies stepped in because of the actions of the Asian student-activists who bravely and forcefully brought these issues to the public arena. Unlike the earlier White vs Black violence in previous decades, the School District was forced to more than just in Philadelphia Police to break up fights. A new School Superintendent Hite, hired a dynamic duo -new Principal (Black) and a new Assistant Principal (Asian) who successfully strove to bridge the gaps among the students. The Immigrant students are no longer separated on another floor from their fellow students. Ethnic strife/violence is not tolerated. African-American and Asian community leaders were brought together. The merger of Bok High School into South Philadelphia High School was handled carefully and professionally.[which?]
SEPTA serves the school with Routes 2, 4, 37, 79, and the Broad Street Line. Students living at least 1.5 miles (2.4 km) away are given a free SEPTA transit pass which is issued every week in order to get to school.
Feeder K-8 schools include F. Amedee Bregy School, Childs School, D. Newlin Fell School, Southwark School, and Stanton School. Feeder middle schools include Norris S. Barratt Middle School. Elementary schools include A. Jenks, Francis Scott Key, and McDaniel.
As of 2010, about 1,000 students attend the school. 70% were black, 18% were Asian, and about 11% were non-Hispanic White or Hispanic. As of 2010 the second floor housed immigrant students. An update: during the school year 2014=2015, the school district successfully integrated the immigrant students with the general student body while maintaining the Bilingual Newcomer (including an Asian American Studies) supports. The immigrant students are no longer separated/segregated on the seconc floor.
By September 1998 the school established a bilingual English-Chinese program to serve Chinese immigrant students, and that month it began hiring teachers fluent in both languages to teach core subjects.
The original school building was constructed 1907 in a Norman Romanesque style designed by Board of Education Architect Lloyd Titus. The main building had an exterior grey stone façade, with two additions added.
Student capacity was three hundred fifty boy students. It expanded in 1914 for more boy students and a duplicate structure built for a new Girls' School with a passage connecting the two buildings that was referred to as "The Tunnel". In 1941 an open field located seven blocks south at 10th and Bigler streets was purchased by a student fund raising and added to the school property as an athletic field to enhance the athletic program. The field was competely renovated in 2008 by the School District of Philadelphia as a supercomplex for larger District-wide events. The original School of 1907 was demolished in 1955.
A new rectangular shaped building was constructed and opened in 1956 on half of the site. The single building was built as a co-ed facility. The frontage included a new grand sized patio plaza entrance, large ashalpted school yard and significant green space enclosed with a regal looking four foot black iron railing tipped in gold painted points. The modern architecture style utilized interior walls of cinder block, cement flooring and staircases, with a facade of light colored tan brick and large glavanized steel metal framed classroom windows. It contained four stories of 190 classrooms with an all modern infra-structure, a large gymnasium, auditorium and lunchroom with 1,500 seats.
In 2013 South Philadelphia High School in partnership with the Lower Moyamensing Civic Association gathered resources for a new sustainable master plan on urban crowdsourcing platform Projexity. The master plan anticipates the creation of rooftop agriculture, outdoor classrooms, porous pavement, solar panels, and many more improvements.
After an incident occurred in October 2008 when 30 black students chased and attacked 5 Asian students, a Chinese student named Wei Chen (s: 陈 威, T: 陳 威, P: Chén Wēi), who originated from Fujian Province, founded the Chinese-American Student Association in order to help orient new immigrants into the school and to keep records of assaults against Chinese students. Chen later organized protests after a 2009 attack on Asian students.
- Al Alberts (1946) Popular singer and composer.
- Marian Anderson (1924) One of the most celebrated singers of the twentieth century and an important figure in the civil rights movement.
- Frankie Avalon (1961) Actor, singer, playwright, and teen idol.
- Joey Bishop (1935) Film and television actor, comedian, member of the "Rat Pack".
- Nate Blackwell (1983) NBA basketball player.
- Al Brancato (1939) Major League Baseball player.
- Stan Brown (1947) Philadelphia Warriors basketball player.
- Danny Cedrone Guitarist and bandleader, best known for his work with Bill Haley & His Comets.
- Chubby Checker (1960) Singer/songwriter, best known for the dance craze "The Twist".
- James Darren (1952) Television and film actor, television director, and singer.
- Angelo DiGeorge (1939) Renowned pediatric endocrinologist.
- Fred Diodati (1950) Lead singer of The Four Aces.
- Lee Ducat (1957) Founder of the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation.
- Fabian (1960) Teen idol, singer and actor.
- Louis Fischer (1914) Journalist.
- Eddie Fisher (1946) Singer, actor and entertainer.
- Frank Forbes (1910) Baseball player, founder of the Negro National League.
- Frank Gasparro (1927) Chief Engraver of the United States Mint.
- Israel Goldstein (1911) Rabbi, author and Zionist leader, founder of Brandeis University.
- Edward Gottlieb (1916) NBA team coach, manager and owner.
- Charlie Gracie (1954) Rock pioneer and singer.
- Buddy Greco (1942) Singer and pianist.
- Frank Guarrera (1942) Opera singer.
- Kitty Kallen Big band singer.
- Harry E. Kalodner (1912) United States federal judge
- Louis "Red" Klotz (1940) NBA basketball player and coach.
- Jack Klugman Stage, film and television actor, "Quincy".
- Irv Kosloff (1930) NBA team owner.
- Samuel Noah Kramer (1915) Assyriologist and Sumerian historian.
- Mario Lanza (1940) Opera singer, actor.
- Joseph Anthony "Uncle Joe" Ligambi, current boss of the Philadelphia crime family.
- Harry Litwack (1925) College men's basketball coach.
- Gloria Mann Pop singer.
- Bob Marcucci (1947) Songwriter, founder of Chancellor Records. Discovered Frankie Avalon and Fabian.
- Micki Marlo Pop singer and model.
- Hal Marnie (1937) Major League Baseball player.
- Al Martino Singer and actor.
- Bob McCann (1947) NBA player.
- John Mercanti (1962) Chief Engraver of the United States Mint.
- Robert K. Merton sociologist
- Vincent Persichetti (1933) Composer, pianist and teacher at the Juilliard School.
- Carmen Piccone (1947) Head football coach for the Southern Illinois Salukis.
- Peter Mark Richman (1945) Film and on television actor.
- Petey Rosenberg (1937) Basketball Association of America player.
- Alvin Rosenfeld (1956) Indiana University professor, American Jewish Committee author.
- Jodie Sands Pop singer ("With All My Heart").
- John Sandusky (1945) National Football League player (Cleveland Browns, Green Bay Packers) and coach (Baltimore Colts, Philadelphia Eagles, Miami Dolphins).
- Joe Scarpa (1965) Professional wrestler (World Wide Wrestling Federation as "Chief Jay Strongbow").
- Dee Dee Sharp R&B singer ("Mashed Potato").
- Georgie Shaw Pop singer ("Let Me Go, Devil", "Honeycomb").
- Joseph Stefano (1940) Screenwriter (Psycho, Outer Limits)
- H. Patrick Swygert (1960) University president (University at Albany, SUNY, Howard University), executive vice president (Temple University) and professor (Temple University Beasley School of Law).
- Martin Weinberg (1955) Senior research sociologist at The Kinsey Institute and university professor (Northwestern University, Rutgers University).
- Stanley Weintraub (1946) Professor, historian, and biographer.
- "South Philadelphia High School Geographic Boundaries." School District of Philadelphia. Retrieved on October 4, 2011.
- "Albert M. Greenfield School." Center City Schools. Retrieved on November 8, 2008.
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- Philadelphia Bulletin, 1965
- Kim, Tammy. "Immigrant Youth Remake South Philly after Anti-Asian Violence." Hyphen. July 21, 2011. Retrieved on January 29, 2013.
- "Great Philly Schools, 2015 High School Guide
- US Census American Factfinder 2013 Population Estimate,"Ancestry".
- Asian students protest violence at South Philly High ABC News, Dec. 7th, 2009.
- 26 Asian Students Attacked at Philly High School . Curiously, the school district ultimately disciplined 10 students- seven Black, two Asian, and one White student for assaulting the immigrant students. NBCPhiladelphia.com December 4, 2009.
- Gammage, Jeff and Kristen A. Graham. "An Asian's anguish at S. Phila. Beaten at school, Hao Luu, 17, said the district mishandled his case.." The Philadelphia Inquirer. March 18, 2010. Alternate first page: "Asians tell of anguish over S. Phila. attacks."
- Philadelphia Inquirer, 2014
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- "South Philadelphia High School Geographic Boundaries" (Archive). School District of Philadelphia. Retrieved on November 29, 2015.
- Teague, Matthew. "Heroes: South Philly High's Protesters." Philadelphia (magazine). August 2010. 3. Retrieved on January 31, 2013.
- School District of Philadelphia, Great Philly Schools
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- "Lloyd Titus Philadelphia Architects and Building Profile original building name '''Southern Manual Training School'''". Philadelphiabuildings.org. Retrieved 2011-01-29.
- Teague, Matthew. "Heroes: South Philly High's Protesters." Philadelphia (magazine). August 2010. 4. Retrieved on January 31, 2013.
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- Teague, Matthew. "Heroes: South Philly High's Protesters." Philadelphia (magazine). August 2010. 5. Retrieved on January 31, 2013.
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- Broadcast Pioneers, "Al Alberts". Accessed 15 January 2013.
- Marian Anderson Biography, Lakewood Public Library. Accessed 15 January 2013.
- South Philadelphia High School Alumni Association, "Hall of Fame". Accessed 15 January 2013.
- Official website, "bio". Accessed 15 January 2013.
- Great Tenors, "Mario Lanza". Accessed 16 December 2013.
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