South Russian Ovcharka

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South Russian Ovcharka
South Russian Ovcharka.jpg
Other names
  • Youjnorousskaïa Ovtcharka
  • South Russian Sheepdog
  • Ukrainian Ovcharka
  • Yuzhak
  • South Ukrainian Ovcharka
  • South Russian Shepherd Dog
Origin
Traits
Height Dogs
minimum 66 cm
Bitches
minimum 62 cm
Weight Dogs
minimum 35 kg
Bitches
minimum 30 kg
Life span 9–11 years[1]: 55 
Kennel club standards
FCI standard
Dog (domestic dog)

The South Russian Ovcharka or South Russian Shepherd Dog is breed of flock guardian dog developed in the Russian Empire and in the Soviet Union. It is thought to derive from cross-breeding between local dogs of the Russian steppes and long-haired shepherd dogs brought to the area from Spain with Merino sheep.[2] These may have been similar in appearance to the present-day Gos d'Atura Catala.[2]

History[edit]

Image from about 1915

The South Russian Ovcharka is thought to derive from cross-breeding between local dogs of the Russian steppes and long-haired shepherd dogs brought to the area from Spain with Merino sheep.[2] These may have been similar in appearance to the present-day Gos d'Atura Catala.[2] A cross-bred dog of this type won a gold medal at the Exposition Universelle of 1867 in Paris.[2]

Much of the selective breeding and development of the breed took place in the early twentieth century, on the estates of Friedrich von Falz-Fein [de] at Askania-Nova, now in Kherson Oblast, Ukraine.[2] The breed standard was approved early in the 1930s.[2]

The Fédération Cynologique Internationale definitively accepted it on 30 September 1983 as the Yuzhnorusskaya Ovcharka or South Russian Shepherd Dog.[3]

Characteristics[edit]

It is a large dog: dogs stand no less that 66 cm at the withers and weigh at least 35 kg; bitches are about 4 cm smaller and weigh some 5 kg less.[2] The head is long and of wedge shape; the ears are pendent and triangular. The coat is long, coarse and thick. It may be solid white, grey or pale ivory; or white with tinges of yellow, or white with patches of grey, pale ivory or wheat colour.[2]

Ban[edit]

The dog is banned in Denmark.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [Bruce Fogle] (2013). The Dog Encyclopedia. London; New York: Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 9781465408440.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i FCI-Standard N° 326: Yuzhnorusskaya Ovcharka (South Russian Shepherd Dog). Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Accessed March 2022.
  3. ^ FCI breeds nomenclature: Yuzhnorusskaya Ovcharka (326). Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Accessed March 2022.
  4. ^ "Danish Legislation on Dogs". www.foedevarestyrelsen.dk. Retrieved 15 February 2019.