South Sentinel Island

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South Sentinel Island
South Sentinel Island is located in Andaman and Nicobar Islands
South Sentinel Island
South Sentinel Island
Location of South Sentinel Island
Geography
Location Bay of Bengal
Coordinates 10°58′34″N 92°13′12″E / 10.976°N 92.22°E / 10.976; 92.22Coordinates: 10°58′34″N 92°13′12″E / 10.976°N 92.22°E / 10.976; 92.22
Archipelago Andaman Islands
(Sentinel Islands)
Adjacent bodies of water Indian Ocean
Total islands 1
Major islands
  • South Sentinel    
Area 1.6 km2 (0.62 sq mi)[1]
Length 1.6 km (0.99 mi)
Width 1.0 km (0.62 mi)
Coastline 4.9 km (3.04 mi)
Highest elevation 2 m (7 ft)[2]
Administration
Union territory Andaman and Nicobar Islands
District South Andaman
Demographics
Demonym South Sentinelese
Population 0 (2016)
Pop. density 0.00 /km2 (0 /sq mi)
Additional information
Time zone
PIN 744202[4]
Telephone code 031927 [5]
Official website www.and.nic.in
ISO Code IN-AN-00[3]
Literacy 84.4%
Avg. summer temperature 30.2 °C (86.4 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 23.0 °C (73.4 °F)
Sex ratio 1.2/
unit_pref Metric
Census Code 35.639.0004

South Sentinel Island is one of the Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal. It is 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) long northeast to southwest and up to 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) wide. At only 1.6 km2 (0.62 sq mi), it is much smaller than its counterpart North Sentinel Island and of significantly less interest. The island belongs to the South Andaman administrative district, part of the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.[6]

Geography[edit]

South Sentinel is 26.5 kilometres (16.5 mi) west-northwest of Little Andaman Island in the south of the Andaman chain but 59.6 kilometres (37.0 mi) south of its counterpart North Sentinel Island. From the limited information available it can be said that South Sentinel Island is a forested coral reef. From a journal written in the 19th century, a Colonel Alcock who passed the island wrote "[South Sentinel is] raised a few feet and continuous with the corals surrounding it". the island is lying 186 km (116 mi) southwest from Port Blair. It belongs to the Sentinel Islands. and lies immediately south of the passage. The island has 44m high to the tops of the trees and level topped. Its appearance is much the same on all bearings. A bank, as defined by the 36m curve, surrounds the island and extends about 6 miles NW from it. Considerable depths exist in the channel between this island and Little Andaman Island [7]

Administration[edit]

Politically, South Sentinel Island is part of Little Andaman Taluk.[8]

Demographics[edit]

The island is uninhabited but is sometimes used by diving expeditions on account of its remoteness and novelty factor. Apart from an unmanned lighthouse,[9] there are no facilities.

Fauna[edit]

South Sentinel Island Sanctuary which houses humongous robber crabs.

Image gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Islandwise Area and Population - 2011 Census" (PDF). Government of Andaman. 
  2. ^ pro star
  3. ^ Registration Plate Numbers added to ISO Code
  4. ^ "A&N Islands - Pincodes". 22 September 2016. Retrieved 22 September 2016. 
  5. ^ code
  6. ^ "Village Code Directory: Andaman & Nicobar Islands" (PDF). Census of India. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  7. ^ map
  8. ^ Tehsils
  9. ^ "Government of India, Directorate General of Lighthouses and Lightships: Welcome to SOUTH SENTINEL ISLAND LIGHT HOUSE.". www.dgll.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-10-18.