South Serbia (1919–22)

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South Serbia
Јужна Србија
Južna Srbija
Pokrajina of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes


Location of South Serbia
South Serbia within Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (in light green)
Capital Skoplje, Prizren
 •  Established 1919
 •  Reorganization 1922
 •  1921 1,700,000 

South Serbia (Serbian: Јужна Србија / Južna Srbija) was a province (pokrajina) of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes that existed between 1919 and 1922. It encompassed the modern territories of Sandžak (parts of Serbia and Montenegro), Kosovo and Republic of Macedonia. The term "Old Serbia and Macedonia", or simply "Old Serbia", was historically used in Serbian politics, literature and science for the territories of the province. The term continued in use for the Vardar Banovina and Zeta Banovina following its disestablishment.


The province was established in 1919, following the creation of Yugoslavia on 1 December 1918. Serbia had greatly expanded its borders during the Balkan Wars. The province was disestablished in 1922 and its territories were reorganized into the Vardar Banovina and Zeta Banovina. The term was then colloquially used for those territories.[1]


The province of South Serbia, as a mostly highland region, had favorable conditions for development of cattle breeding as illustrated by statistics on the increase of livestock numbers.[2] The livestock numbers exceeded 13% of the total number of all of Yugoslavia.[2] The restoration of cattle breeding, which had been destroyed during the war years, was the primary goal of the Ministry of Economy.[2]


In 1921, the province had c. 1,7 million inhabitants.[3]


  1. ^ Čedomir Popov. Istorija srpske državnosti: Srbija u Jugoslaviji. Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti. p. 163. Јужна Србија, која обухвата Вардарску и Зетску бановину
  2. ^ a b c Institut za noviju istoriju Srbije 2007, p. 170.
  3. ^ Stojan M. Protić (1921). Vladin predlog ustava: jedna kritika. Pantić i drug. p. 54.


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