South Sikkim district
Kangchenjunga and its satellite peaks
South Sikkim's location in Sikkim
|Headquarters||Namchi aka Namtse|
|• Total||750 km2 (290 sq mi)|
|• Density||200/km2 (510/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-SK|
The district was previously divided into eight assembly constituencies.
- Barfung (BL)
- Tumen-Lingi (BL)
National protected area
South Sikkim is the most industrialised district in the state, owing to the availability of flat land. Since the geology is stable the roads are in good condition as compared to other parts of the state which suffer from landslides. The district is also known for Sikkim tea, which is grown near Namchi.
According to the 2011 census South Sikkim district has a population of 146,742, roughly equal to the nation of Saint Lucia. This gives it a ranking of 600th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 196 inhabitants per square kilometre (510/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.57%. South Sikkim has a sex ratio of 914 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 82.06%.
South Sikkim is one of the least populated regions of the state. The people are mainly of Nepali descent. Other ethnic groups include the Lepcha and Bhutia communities. Nepali is the most widely spoken language in the district. The district was under the occupation of the Nepalese for 30 years in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Flora and fauna
South Sikkim is divided into two sub-divisions:
|Name||Headquarters||Number of villages||Location|
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011.
Saint Lucia 161,557 July 2011 est.
- Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Sikkim". Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
- Sikkim Administrative Divisions (PDF) (Map). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- "MDDS e-Governance Code (Sikkim Rural)" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. 2011. Retrieved 15 October 2011.
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