South Sudan Defence Forces

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Not to be confused with South Sudan Defence Army.
South Sudan Defence Forces
Participant in Second Sudanese Civil War
Flag of the South Sudan Defence Force.svg
Ideology Sudanese nationalism
Leaders Maj. Gen. Paulino Matip Nhial
Area of operations Northern South Sudan
Became Splinter became SPDF
SSDF absorbed into SPLA

The South Sudan Defence Forces (SSDF) was a militia in South Sudan during the Second Sudanese Civil War (1983-2005) in uneasy alliance with the Government of Sudan.

The SSDF provided security for Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) garrisons and for oilfields in the north of South Sudan, and in return was given arms and ammunition, although SSDF political leaders remained deeply suspicious of the Khartoum-based government. The Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 9 January 2005 ended hostilities between the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) and the government. A year later, the Juba Declaration of 8 January 2006 provided for integration of SSDF soldiers into the SPLA.[1] The SSDF chief of staff Major General Paulino Matip Nhial signed the Juba Declaration and was appointed deputy Commander in Chief of the SPLA.[2]


  1. ^ John Young (November 2006). "The South Sudan Defence Forces in the Wake of the Juba Declaration" (PDF). Small Arms Survey. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 
  2. ^ "Gatluak Gai Rebellion, Unity State" (PDF). HSBA. January 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Arnold, Matthew B. (2007-12-01). "The South Sudan Defence Force: Patriots, Collaborators or Spoilers?". The Journal of Modern African Studies. 45 (4): 489–516. doi:10.2307/4501944. ISSN 0022-278X. JSTOR 4501944.