South Tyrolean People's Party

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South Tyrolean People's Party
Südtiroler Volkspartei
Chairman Philipp Achammer
Secretary Manuel Massl
Founded 8 May 1945[1]
Headquarters via Brennero 7/A
39100 Bolzano
Newspaper ZIS
Youth wing Young Generation
Membership  (2003) 68,000[2]
Ideology Regionalism[3]
Autonomism[4]
Christian democracy[5][6]
Social democracy (minority)[7]
National affiliation Democratic Party
European affiliation European People's Party (observer)
European Parliament group European People's Party
Colors ‹See Tfm›     Black ‹See Tfm›     Red
Chamber of Deputies
4 / 630
Senate
2 / 315
European Parliament
1 / 73
Provincial Council
17 / 35
Website
www.svpartei.org
Politics of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Political parties
Elections

The South Tyrolean People's Party (German: Südtiroler Volkspartei, SVP; Italian: Partito Popolare Sudtirolese) is a regionalist and autonomist ethnic catch-all[8][9] political party in South Tyrol, northern Italy.

Founded on 8 May 1945, the SVP, a mainly Christian-democratic but nevertheless quite diverse outfit, aming to represent South Tyrol's German-speaking population, as well as Ladin speakers, and to include conservatives, liberals and social democrats. The party gives special attention also to the interests of farmers, which make up a good deal of its electorate. From 1948 to 2013 the party retained an absolute majority in the Provincial Council. Its best result was 67.8% in 1948, its worst 45.7% in 2013.

The SVP had long been in alliance with Christian Democracy (and the Italian Socialist Party) and, since 1994, with some of its successor parties, including the Italian People's Party and the Democratic Union of Alto Adige. In 1998 the SVP formed a coalition with the Democrats of the Left, replaced by the Democratic Party in 2008.

Recent history[edit]

In 1989 Silvius Magnago, long-time SVP leader and Governor of South Tyrol since 1960, handed his office to Luis Durnwalder, who would keep the post until 2013. Under Durnwalder's long reign, the SVP continued to be the largest party in the Province, garnering more than 50% of the vote in most elections, despite crescent competition, chiefly from right-wing parties. Durnwalder managed to keep the party, often riven in internal disputes between opposing factions, united.

2003–2006 elections[edit]

In the 2003 provincial election the SVP won 55.6% of the vote and 21 provincial councillors out of 35. Luis Durnwalder, President of the Province since 1989, was returned for the fourth time in office, at the head of a coalition composed by the Democrats of the Left and the Autonomist Union.

In the 2004 European Parliament election the SVP formed an electoral alliance with The Olive Tree. The party's share of votes fell for the first time down 50%, stopping at 46.7% (–9.3% from 1999, mainly because of the big win of the Greens (13.2%, +6.5%). However Michl Ebner was elected MEP with more than 90,000 preferences and a Green, Sepp Kusstatscher (a former member of the internal left of the SVP), was elected too.

Also in 2004 Siegfried Brugger, party secretary since 1992, stepped down and was replaced by Elmar Pichler Rolle.

In the 2006 general election the party was part of the winning coalition The Union and garnered three senators and four deputies, which included one for its sister-party in Trentino, the Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party (PATT).

2008–2009 elections[edit]

In the 2008 general election the party obtained 44.3% (–9.1% from 2006 and –16.2% from 2001), returning only two deputies, Siegfried Brugger and Karl Zeller. In the Senate election, thanks to the plurality voting system, the SVP got its three senators, Helga Thaler Ausserhofer, Oskar Peterlini and Manfred Pinzger re-elected. This result was due both to the strong showing of Die Freiheitlichen (9.4%) on the right and the decision not to enter in alliance for the Chamber of Deputies either with the centre-left led by the Democratic Party (PD, 18.0%) or the centre-right led by The People of Freedom (PdL,16.0%).

Soon after the election, the SVP renewed its alliance with Roberto Nicco, the deputy from Aosta Valley, in the Chamber of Deputies, while forming a group in the Senate with the three senators of the Union of Christian and Centre Democrats, Antonio Fosson of the Valdostan Union, Mirella Giai of the Associative Movement Italians Abroad and three senators for life (Giulio Andreotti, Francesco Cossiga and Emilio Colombo).

In the 2008 provincial election the SVP won 48.1% of the vote in the Province (–7.5%), while its right-wing rivals (Die Freiheitlichen, South Tyrolean Freedom and Union for South Tyrol) gained a combined 21.5% of the vote. During the electoral campaign the party did not endorse its traditional counterparts in Trentino (the Daisy Civic List/Union for Trentino, UpT, and the PATT), in order not to hurt the relations with Lega Nord, whose Trentino section, Lega Nord Trentino, provided the opposition candidate, Sergio Divina. Despite rumors on an alliance with Lega Nord Alto Adige/Südtirol,[10][11][12] after the election the SVP continued its alliance with the PD.

In April 2009 Richard Theiner, a member of the Arbeitnehmer ("employees") wing,[13] was elected party chairman, due to an agreement between factions.[14] Since then he was assisted by three deputy chairpersons: Thomas Widmann (Wirtschaft or "business" faction), Martha Stocker and Paola Bioc Gasser (representative of the Ladin section).[15] The latter was replaced by Daniel Alfreider in 2012.[16]

In the 2009 European Parliament election, due to the absence of its rival parties on the right, the SVP won 52.1% of the vote, electing Herbert Dorfmann.

2013–2014 elections[edit]

The SVP contested the 2013 general election as part of the centre-left coalition, Italy. Common Good.[17] Some long-serving MPs, notably Siegfried Brugger and Helga Thaler Ausserhofer, chose not to run for re-election and the party selected its candidates through a primary election.[18]

In the general election the SVP won 44.2% of the provincial vote[19] (–0.1% from 2008) and, being part of the coalition winning the national majority premium, obtained five deputies: Albrecht Plangger, Renate Gebhard, Daniel Alfreider, PATT's Mauro Ottobre and Manfred Schullian.[20] For the Senate, the SVP ran alone in the constituencies of Merano and Brixen, winning both: in Merano outgoing deputy Karl Zeller took 53.5%,[21] while in Brixen Hans Berger 55.4%.[22] The SVP, in alliance with the PD, the UpT and the PATT, contributed also to the election of centre-left or autonomist candidates in the constituency of Bolzano and in those of Trentino.[23]

On 21 April, in a party primary, the SVP selected Arno Kompatscher as its head of the list for the 2013 provincial election, in place of Durnwalder. Kompatscher, 42-year old mayor of Völs am Schlern, won 82.4% of the vote, while former SVP leader Elmar Pichler Rolle a mere 17.6%.[24][25]

In the October election the SVP won 45.7% of the vote in the Province (–2.4%) and lost its 65-year-long absolute majority. Both the German right-wing parties (whose combined share of the vote was 27.2%, +5.7%) and the Greens (8.7%, +2.9%) gained votes.[26] Kompatscher obtained more than 80,000 preference votes[27] and was set to be appointed Governor by the Provincial Council. Its coalition government included, as usual the PD.[28]

In May 2014 Richard Theiner was replaced by Philipp Achammer as party's chairman.[29][30] Along with Daniel Alfreider, the new vice-chairpersons are Zeno Christanell and Angelika Wiedmer.[31] Kompatscher and 28-year old Achammer formed an entirely new leadership team and represented the party's renewal.[32]

In the 2014 European Parliament election the SVP won 48.0% of the vote in the Province and Dorfmann was re-elected to the European Parliament.

Ideology and factions[edit]

The SVP is an example of catch-all party. Its ideology ranges from Christian democracy to social democracy, due to the virtual absence of a true social-democratic rival party. In German-speaking valleys the SVP has almost no opposition, apart from the Die Freiheitlichen, South Tyrolean Freedom and Citizens' Union for South Tyrol on the right and the Greens on the left.

In the years the SVP suffered many splits reflecting the diverse composition of the party (Tyrolean Homeland Party, Social Progressive Party of South Tyrol and Social Democratic Party of South Tyrol) and many SVP leading members left the party in order to join other parties, notably including Alfons Benedikter, a right-winger who launched the Union for South Tyrol in 1989, Christian Waldner, a conservative liberal who launched Die Freiheitlichen in 1992, Sepp Kusstatscher, a leftist who joined the Greens in 1999, and finally Roland Atz, a right-winger who switched to Lega Nord Alto Adige/Südtirol in 2008.[33] The Party of Independents/Freedom Party of South Tyrol, the South Tyrolean Homeland Federation, the Union for South Tyrol and Die Freiheitlichen can thus be all considered splits of the SVP.

Within the party it is possible to identify three main internal factions:

Siegfried Brugger and Elmar Pichler Rolle, who led the party in 1992–2004 and 2004–2009 respectively, are centrist figures who worked for preserving party unity. In order to prevent the break-up of the party along right-left lines, in 2008 Perkmann, leader of the Arbeitnhemer, proposed a "federal reform" of the party in order to preserve its catch-all nature and simultaneously give more autonomy to its internal factions, which have now an official status in party organization.[45] The result was a mild reform of the party and the election to the party leadership in 2009 of a ticket composed by a leading member of the Arbeitnehmer, Richard Theiner, and a leading member of the Wirtschaft faction, Thomas Widmann, plus Martha Stocker, a close ally of Durnwalder.

The factional divisions between party members were reflected also on the vote of confidence on the Berlusconi IV Cabinet: Pinzger and Thaler Ausserhofer abstained, while Brugger, Zeller and Peterlini voted against.[51][52] This kind of divisions continued during the legislature, with senators, excluding Peterlini, supporting some of the government's policies and deputies often opposing the same measures.

The Young Generation (Junge Generation, JG) is the youth movement of the party, including all members at the age of 14 to 30.

The SVP is an observer member of the European People's Party (EPP)[53] and its MEP sits in the EPP Group[54] in the European Parliament.

Popular support[edit]

The electoral results of the SVP in South Tyrol since 1992 are shown in the table below.

1992 general 1993 provinc. 1994 general 1994 European 1996 general 1998 provinc. 1999 European 2001 general 2003 provinc. 2004 European 2006 general 2008 general 2008 provinc. 2009 European 2013 general 2013 provinc. 2014 European
57.3 52.0 60.1 56.9 52.7[55] 56.6 56.0 60.5 55.6 46.7 53.4 44.3 48.1 52.1 44.2 45.7 48.0

Election results[edit]

Italian Parliament[edit]

Chamber of Deputies
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/–
1948 124,243 0.47
3 / 574
1953 122,474 0.45
3 / 590
1958 135,491 0.46
3 / 596
1963 135,457 0.44
3 / 630
1968 152,991 0.48
3 / 630
1972 153,674 0.46
3 / 630
1976 184,375 0.50
3 / 630
1979 204,899 0.56
3 / 630
1983 184,940 0.50
3 / 630
1987 202,022 0.52
3 / 630
1992 198,447 0.51
3 / 630
1994 231,842 0.60
3 / 630
1996 156,708 0.42
3 / 630
2001 200,059 0.54
3 / 630
2006 182,704 0.48
3 / 630
2008 147,718 0.41
2 / 630
Decrease 1
2013 146,804 0.43
4 / 630
Increase 2
Senate of the Republic
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/–
1948 94,406 0.42
2 / 237
1953 107,139 0.44
2 / 237
1958 120,068 0.46
2 / 246
1963 112,023 0.41
2 / 315
1968 131,071 0.46
2 / 315
1972 113,452 0.38
2 / 315
1976 158,584 0.50
2 / 315
1979 172,582 0.55
2 / 315
1983 157,444 0.51
2 / 315
1987 171,539 0.53
2 / 315
1992 168,113 0.50
3 / 315
Increase 1
1994 217,137 0.66
3 / 315
1996 178,425 0.55
2 / 315
Decrease 1
2001 126,177 0.37
3 / 315
Increase 1
2006 117,495 0.46
3 / 315
2008 98,948 0.40
3 / 315
2013 97,141 0.41
2 / 315
Decrease 1

European Parliament[edit]

European Parliament
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/–
1979 196,373 0.56
1 / 81
1984 198,220 0.56
1 / 81
1989 172,383 0.50
1 / 81
1994 202,668 0.62
1 / 87
1999 156,005 0.50
1 / 78
2004 146,357 0.45
1 / 78
2009 143,509 0.47
1 / 72
2014 138,037 0.50
1 / 73

Provincial Council[edit]

Provincial Council of South Tyrol
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/–
1948 107,249 67.60
13 / 20
1952 112,602 64.81
15 / 22
Increase 2
1956 124,165 64.40
15 / 22
1960 132,351 63.92
15 / 22
1964 134,188 61.30
16 / 25
Increase 1
1968 137,982 60.74
16 / 25
1973 132,186 56.40
20 / 34
Increase 4
1978 163,502 61.35
21 / 34
Increase 1
1983 170,125 59.42
22 / 35
Increase 1
1988 184,717 60.40
22 / 35
1993 160,186 52.03
19 / 35
Decrease 3
1998 171,820 56.62
21 / 35
Increase 2
2003 167,353 55.60
21 / 35
2008 146,545 48.12
18 / 35
Decrease 3
2013 131,236 45.70
17 / 35
Decrease 1

Leadership[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Pallaver, Günther (2006). The Südtiroler Volkspartei: From irredentism to autonomy. Autonomist parties in Europe: identity politics and the revival of the territorial cleavage (Institut de Ciències Polítiques i Socials). pp. 161–188. ISBN 978-8460804512. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rolf Steininger (2003). South Tyrol: A Minority Conflict of the Twentieth Century. Transaction Publishers. p. 75. ISBN 978-1-4128-3482-7. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  2. ^ NAZIONALE - 6] STAMPA/INTERNI/03<UNTITLED> ... 28/09/03[dead link]
  3. ^ Puzey, Guy (2012). Durk Gorter; Heiko F. Marten; Luk Van Mensel, eds. Two-Way Traffic: How Linguistic Landscapes Reflect and Influence the Politics of Language. Minority Languages in the Linguistic Landscape (Palgrave Macmillan). p. 137. ISBN 978-0-230-27244-6. 
  4. ^ Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko; Matti Mälkiä (2007). Encyclopedia of Digital Government. Idea Group Inc (IGI). p. 389. ISBN 978-1-59140-790-4. 
  5. ^ Maurizio Cotta; Luca Verzichelli (2007). Political Institutions in Italy. Oxford University Press. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-19-928470-2. Retrieved 16 July 2013. 
  6. ^ Wolfram Nordsieck. "Parties and Elections in Europe". Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  7. ^ Pallaver, Günther (2007), "Südtirols politische Parteien 1945-2005" (PDF), Die Region Trentino-Südtirol im 20. Jahrhundert — 1: Politik und Institutionen (in German): 610  or Pallaver, Günther (2007), "I partiti politici in Alto Adige dal 1945 al 2005" (PDF), La Regione Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol nel XX secolo — I: Politica e Istituzioni (in Italian): 580 
  8. ^ Pallaver, Günther (2008). Jens Woelk; Francesco Palermo; Joseph Marko, eds. South Tyrol's Consociational Democracy: Between Political Claim and Social Reality. Tolerance Through Law: Self Governance and Group Rights In South Tyrol (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers). pp. 305, 309. ISBN 978-90-04-16302-7. 
  9. ^ David Lublin (2014). Minority Rules: Electoral Systems, Decentralization, and Ethnoregional Party Success. Oxford University Press. p. 229. ISBN 978-0-19-994884-0. 
  10. ^ "La «Südtiroler» annusa laria". IlGiornale.it. 9 August 2008. 
  11. ^ Trocino, Alessandro (10 August 2008). "Ciampi a Brunetta: l' Alto Adige resti autonomo". Coriere della Sera. p. 11. 
  12. ^ http://espresso.repubblica.it/dettaglio-local/%C2%ABNoi-ci-siamo-ma-l-Svp-ora-si-smarchi%C2%BB/2036877[dead link]
  13. ^ http://www.arbeitnehmer.bz.it/mandatareinnen.html?uc%5Bm%5D=73&cHash=9a521faf96[dead link]
  14. ^ Dallago, Maurizio (16 April 2009). "Theiner-Widmann, ok dagli Arbeitnehmer". Alto Adige. 
  15. ^ Südtiroler Volkspartei - SVP[dead link]
  16. ^ "Daniel Alfreider neuer SVP-Obmannstellvertreter". Südtirol Online (stol.it). 2012-03-24. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 
  17. ^ Canettieri, Simone (14 January 2013). "Liste, i simboli presentati sono 215: è record. Domani le esclusioni". Il Messaggero. 
  18. ^ "Primarie Svp, i risultati: vincono Zeller e Berger. Bocciato Ladinser". Alto Adige. 7 January 2013. 
  19. ^ http://elezioni.interno.it/camera/scrutini/20130224/C060140000.htm[dead link]
  20. ^ http://elezioni.interno.it/camera/scrutini/20130224/C060000000.htm[dead link]
  21. ^ http://elezioni.interno.it/senato/scrutini/20130224/S040050000.htm[dead link]
  22. ^ http://elezioni.interno.it/senato/scrutini/20130224/S040060000.htm[dead link]
  23. ^ http://elezioni.interno.it/senato/scrutini/20130224/S040000000.htm[dead link]
  24. ^ "Arno Superstar". Tageszeitung Online. 21 April 2013. 
  25. ^ "Südtirol: Kompatscher SVP-Spitzenkandidat". News (ORF.at). 21 April 2014. 
  26. ^ Referendum provinciale confermativo 2014 | Provincia autonoma di Bolzano – Alto Adige
  27. ^ http://elezioni.provincia.bz.it/prefvt_li_p7789_vg.htm
  28. ^ "Elezione al cardiopalma per la giunta Kompatscher - Cronaca - Alto Adige". Alto Adige. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  29. ^ "Philipp Achammer ist neuer SVP-Obmann". Südtirol Online (stol.it). 2014-05-03. Retrieved 4 May 2014. 
  30. ^ "Svp, plebiscito per Achammer eletto con il 94 - Cronaca - Alto Adige". Alto Adige. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  31. ^ "Die Stellvertreter: Wiedmer und Christanell". Südtirol Online (stol.it). 2014-05-03. Retrieved 4 May 2014. 
  32. ^ di Paolo Campostrini. "Il rito della purificazione dopo il «ciclone» vitalizi". Alto Adige. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  33. ^ http://www.dolomiten.it/nachrichten/artikel.asp?KatID=fa&p=5&ArtID=121648
  34. ^ Südtiroler Volkspartei - SVP
  35. ^ Francesca Gonzato. "Svp, contadini schierati per le primarie". Alto Adige. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  36. ^ di Francesca Gonzato. "Dorfmann scalda i motori «Candidarmi? Può essere»". Alto Adige. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  37. ^ Südtiroler Volkspartei - SVP
  38. ^ "Frau Helga alla buvette con Dell' Utri: la manovra così non va". 
  39. ^ "La Lega insiste con DurniVogliamo entrare in giunta - Cronaca - Alto Adige". Alto Adige. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  40. ^ "I dubbi di Helga, sudtirolese con il "divo Giulio" nel cuore - Corriere della Sera". 
  41. ^ "Primarie Svp, libertà di voto dell’ala economica". Alto Adige. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  42. ^ di Francesca Gonzato. "L’ombra della scissione sulla Svp". Alto Adige. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  43. ^ Südtiroler Volkspartei - SVP
  44. ^ "Courtesy page (default www.arbeitnehmer.bz.it)". Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  45. ^ a b Maurizio Dallago. "L'ala sociale: Riforma federale - Cronaca - Alto Adige". Alto Adige. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  46. ^ "Perkmann lascia l'ala sociale dell'Svp «Basta politica, vado in Afghanistan»". Archivio - Alto Adige. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  47. ^ "L’ala sociale non riesce a candidare Gufler". Alto Adige. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  48. ^ "Alleanza nazionale – il Popolo della Libertà ribadisce i suoi due obiettivi storici: riportare la questione altoatesina fra i temi dell’azione di Governo nazionale e imporsi c...". 
  49. ^ di Maurizio Dallago. "Lista Svp, la metà sono facce nuove". Alto Adige. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  50. ^ http://altoadige.gelocal.it/cronaca/2012/12/16/news/svp-il-paladino-plangger-e-il-candidato-dei-venostani-1.6208477
  51. ^ "Legislatura 16º - Aula - Resoconto stenografico della seduta n. 005 del 15/05/2008". 
  52. ^ "Stenografico Assemblea - Sed. n. 5 di mercoledì 14 maggio 2008 - 16^ Legislatura". 
  53. ^ http://www.epp.eu/sites/default/files/lmp.pdf
  54. ^ "12401 - Party - EPP Group in the European Parliament". Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  55. ^ This result refers to single-seat constituencies, as the SVP did not present its own party list for proportional representation, but was part of the list of the Italian People's Party (PPI), along with some other minor parties, at the national level. This list won only 27.9% in the Province of Bolzano.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]