South Tyrone (Northern Ireland Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 54°26′24″N 7°07′44″W / 54.440°N 7.129°W / 54.440; -7.129

South Tyrone
Former County Constituency
for the Parliament of Northern Ireland
South Tyrone (Northern Ireland Parliament constituency).svg
South Tyrone shown within Northern Ireland
Former constituency
Created 1929
Abolished 1972
Election method First past the post
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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Northern Ireland 1921–72

South Tyrone was a constituency of the Parliament of Northern Ireland.

Boundaries[edit]

South Tyrone was a county constituency comprising the central part of County Tyrone. It was created when the House of Commons (Method of Voting and Redistribution of Seats) Act (Northern Ireland) 1929 introduced first-past-the-post elections throughout Northern Ireland. South Tyrone was created by the division of Fermanagh and Tyrone into eight new constituencies, of which five were in County Tyrone. The constituency survived unchanged, returning one member of Parliament, until the Parliament of Northern Ireland was temporarily suspended in 1972 and then formally abolished in 1973.

The seat was made up from parts of the rural districts of Clogher and Dungannon as well as the town of Dungannon.[1]

Politics[edit]

County Tyrone had five Stormont MPs from 1929 until 1972. The seats in the North and South of the county were Unionist, the constituency covering the East could be considered marginal, whilst those in the West and centre of the county were nationalist.

South Tyrone was contested by the Nationalist Party once, in 1949. All other contests were triggered by either an independent unionist or member of the Northern Ireland Labour Party standing against the Ulster Unionist Party, which consistently held the seat.

MPs for the area included Stormont's last Minister of State for Home Affairs, John Taylor, and William Frederick McCoy who served briefly as Speaker to the House of Commons of Northern Ireland from 25 January 1956 until 23 April 1956.[2]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year Member Party
1929 Rowley Elliott UUP
1944 William Frederick McCoy UUP
1965 John Taylor UUP

Election results[edit]

General Election 1929: South Tyrone[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Rowley Elliott 8,743 65.0 N/A
Independent Unionist J. J. Hazlett 4,699 35.0 N/A
Majority 4,044 30.0 N/A
Turnout 74.2 N/A
UUP hold Swing N/A
At the Northern Ireland general election, 1933, Rowley Elliott was elected unopposed.[3]
General Election 1938: South Tyrone[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Rowley Elliott 9,478 71.6 N/A
NI Labour A. Graham 3,754 28.4 N/A
Majority 5,724 43.2 N/A
Turnout 75.0 N/A
UUP hold Swing N/A
South Tyrone by-election, 1945[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP William Frederick McCoy 6,352 81.9 +10.3
NI Labour William Leeburn 1,400 18.1 -10.3
Majority 4,952 63.8 +20.6
Turnout 44.8 -30.2
UUP hold Swing
At the Northern Ireland general election, 1945, William Frederick McCoy was elected unopposed.[3]
General Election 1949: South Tyrone[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP William Frederick McCoy 8,855 61.1 N/A
Nationalist James Slevin 5,630 38.9 N/A
Majority 3,225 22.2 N/A
Turnout 84.3 N/A
UUP hold Swing N/A
At the 1953, 1958 and 1962 Northern Ireland general elections, William Frederick McCoy was elected unopposed.[3]
General Election 1965: South Tyrone[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP John Taylor 8,935 64.8 N/A
NI Labour Jack Hassard 4,862 35.2 N/A
Majority 4,073 29.6 N/A
Turnout 77.5 N/A
UUP hold Swing N/A
General Election 1969: South Tyrone[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP John Taylor 7,683 54.0 -10.8
Independent Unionist Thomas Gerard Eakins 6,533 46.0 N/A
Majority 1,150 8.0 -21.6
Turnout 83.0 +5.5
UUP hold Swing N/A

References[edit]

  1. ^ Northern Ireland Parliamentary Election results: Constituency Boundaries
  2. ^ Northern Ireland Parliamentary Elections Results: Biographies
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Northern Ireland Parliamentary Elections Results: Counties: Tyrone