South Ukraine Nuclear Power Plant

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
South Ukraine Nuclear Power Plant
PUNS-2013-1.JPG
Country Ukraine
Location Yuzhnoukrainsk, Mykolaiv Oblast
Coordinates 47°49′0″N 31°13′0″E / 47.81667°N 31.21667°E / 47.81667; 31.21667Coordinates: 47°49′0″N 31°13′0″E / 47.81667°N 31.21667°E / 47.81667; 31.21667
Status Operational
Construction began Unit 1: August 1, 1976
Unit 2: July 1, 1981
Unit 3: November 1, 1984
Commission date Unit 1: December 2, 1983
Unit 2: April 6, 1985
Unit 3: December 29, 1989
Owner(s) Energoatom
Operator(s) Energoatom
Nuclear power station
Reactor type PWR
Reactor supplier Atomstroyexport
Cooling source Tashlytske Reservoir
Power generation
Units operational 3 × 950 MW
Make and model VVER-1000/302
VVER-1000/338
VVER-1000/320
Thermal capacity 3 × 3000 MWth
Nameplate capacity 2850 MW
Capacity factor 65.56%
Annual net output 16,367 GW·h (2016)
Website
www.sunpp.mk.ua

The South Ukraine Nuclear Power Station (Ukrainian: Південноукраїнська АЕС, Russian: Южно-Украинская АЭС), is a nuclear power station in Ukraine. It is part of the South Ukrainian Energy Complex.

It is located near the city of Yuzhnoukrainsk in Mykolaiv province, approximately 350 kilometers (220 mi) south of Kiev. The nuclear power station has three VVER-1000 pressurized water reactors and a net generation capacity of 2,850 megawatts (MW). It is at present the second largest of five nuclear power stations in Ukraine.

From South Ukraine Nuclear Power Plant a 750 kV powerline runs to Isaccea, Romania, but it is mostly dismantled or ruined.[citation needed]

In 2013, following major upgrade work, unit 1 was given a 10-year license extension, which will take it beyond its original 30-year design lifetime. Similar extensions are planned for units 2 and 3, licensed until 2015 and 2019, respectively.[1]

Fuel supply[edit]

The main supplier of fuel for nuclear power plants in Ukraine has been TVEL, with whom NNEGC signed a contract for the supply of nuclear fuel for Ukrainian WMR in 1997 until 2010.

Under a US-Ukrainian initiative to reduce Ukraine's dependency on Russia for fuel, tied to the dismantling of its nuclear weapon arsenal, Energoatom had been using reactor core of unit 3 to test nuclear fuel produced by Westinghouse Electric Company in Västerås in Sweden, mixed with Russian assemblies. In August 2005, it was loaded with the first six experimental fuel assemblies produced by Westinghouse together with Russian fuel for a period of pilot operation. The pilot runs were "deemed unsuccessful, with Energoatom claiming manufacturing defects in the fuel led to a lengthy unscheduled outage at two of the units, while Westinghouse said that errors had been made during fuel loading."[2] Nevertheless, in 2008 Energoatom signed a fuel supply contract with Westinghouse to supply 630 nuclear fuel assemblies to its three reactors starting in 2011. Westinghouse shipped a reload batch of 42 fuel assemblies for the 3 units in mid-2009 to last for three years of commercial operation. In June 2010, Energoatom signed a long-term fuel supply contract with Russia's TVEL for its nuclear reactor fleet. Earlier, Rosatom had offered a substantial discount to Ukraine if it signed up with TVEL for 20 years.

During trial use of Westinghouse manufactured fuel in 2012, the fuel became deformed and caused serious damage to the reactor.[3]

On 11 April 2014, after the Russian annexation of Crimea, the fuel contract with Westinghouse was extended through 2020. The fuel will be made at the fuel fabrication facility in Västerås.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Life extension for South Ukraine unit 1". World Nuclear News. 10 December 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
  2. ^ a b "More Westinghouse fuel for Ukraine". website. World Nuclear News. 11 April 2014. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  3. ^ "Westinghouse to continue fuel deliveries to Ukraine". Nuclear Engineering International. 3 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.

External links[edit]