South Ural State University

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South Ural State University
(SUSU)
Южно-Уральский Государственный Университет
(ЮУрГУ)
LogoSUSU.jpg
Former names
Chelyabinsk Mechanics and Technology Institute (CMTI)
(1943–1951),
Chelyabinsk Polytechnic Institute (CPI)
(1951–1990),
Chelyabinsk State Technical University (CSTU)
(1990–1997)
Motto Aut viam inveniam, aut faciam
Motto in English
I shall either find a way or make one
Type Public
Established December 15, 1943
President German Platonovich Vyatkin
Rector Aleksandr Leonidoviсh Shestakov
Administrative staff
5,000
Students approx. 40,000
Undergraduates 55,000
Location Chelyabinsk, Russia
55°09′36″N 61°22′12″E / 55.16000°N 61.37000°E / 55.16000; 61.37000Coordinates: 55°09′36″N 61°22′12″E / 55.16000°N 61.37000°E / 55.16000; 61.37000
Campus Urban
Website www.susu.ru
The main building of the university

South Ural State University (SUSU) (Russian: Южно-Уральский Государственный Университет (ЮУрГУ)) in Chelyabinsk is one of the largest educational institutions in Russia. It is among the top-ten of the Russian universities according to the state rating of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, and the largest in Russia in terms of the number of undergraduates.

Starting from 2010 SUSU has been holding a status of a National Research University. In 2015 the university became one of the Russian universities chosen for participation in Project 5-100 aiming at improving the competitive standing of Russian universities. In 2018, South Ural State University for the first time in its history was included into the Ranking of the World’s Best Universities drawn by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) consulting company from Great Britain. South Ural State University’s standing in the ranking is 801-1000.[1] SUSU comprises 10 institutes and schools, 2 faculties (Faculty of Pre-university Training and Faculty of Military Education), as well as 4 branches (in Zlatoust, Miass, Satka in the Chelyabinsk Region, and in Nizhnevartovsk in the Khanty-Mansijsk Autonomous District)[3]. More than 28 thousand students from 48 countries from around the world are studying at SUSU today.[2]

History[edit]

Chelyabinsk Mechanical Engineering Institute — 1943[edit]

During the Great Patriotic War, industries from various cities of the USSR’S European part, including factories from Leningrad, Stalingrad and Kharkov which became the basis of Tankograd, were evacuated to Chelyabinsk. Stalingrad Mechanical Institute, evacuated in August 1942, performed training of engineering cadres for industry works; in October of that year, the Institute started admission of postgraduates. In the academic year 1942/43, the first year of operating in Chelyabinsk, the Institute overall had about 400 students, including 90 students who attended evening classes. In spring of 1943, the second admission group of 40 young specialists trained for assistance to the Army graduated the Institute. At the beginning of the next academic year of 1943/44, there were already about 660 students and 20 postgraduates studying at the Institute. When the Battle of Stalingrad was over, the Institute had to get transferred back to its city.

In order to prevent “personnel gap” in September 1943, people’s commissar of tank industry, V. А. Malyshev, director of Tankograd, deputy people’s commissar I. М. Zaltzman and Head of the Chelyabinsk regional committee of the All-Union Communist Party (of Bolsheviks), N. S. Patolichev addressed the Council of People’s Commissars with a request to create an institute in Chelyabinsk.

On November 2 of 1943, the Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR issued the Decree № 1201-361с “On actions for improvement of training of engineering cadres for tank industry enterprises”, which allowed to establish Chelyabinsk Mechanical Engineering Institute in the buildings occupied by the Stalingrad Mechanical Institute. On November 15 of 1943, the first group of Stalingrad Institute’s employees headed by the Director А. V. Lovyagin left for their motherland; the second group headed by Deputy Director V. А. Dobrovolsky stayed to finish the first semester and hold winter exam session, after that they departed as well in April 1944. Kirovsky Zavod provided Chelyabinsk Institute with engineers-lecturers, dormitories, laboratories, foundries and workshops; this allowed for continuing the education process and research activity. Lecturers from Chelyabinsk Institute of Mechanization and Electrification of Agriculture and Chelyabinsk State Pedagogical Institute were sent to CMEI, as well as alumni of Moscow and Leningrad’s higher education institutions; Chief Engineer of Kirovsky Zavod, Zh. Ya. Kotin, provided consultations for senior students.

In December 1943, Associate Professor, Candidate of Engineering Sciences Petr Alekseevich Grishin was appointed as Acting Director of CMEI. The day when he signed his first order— December 15 of 1943 — is celebrated as the Day of SUSU foundation.

In 1943—1944, the university located in different parts of Chelyabinsk. The first university’s laboratory for engineering measurements was located in a shed with stove heating, and the first laboratory of welding was in a storage room of a school. After the beginning of re-evacuation of industrial plants and other institutions, the university was located in a three-storeyed shop building at the Spartaka street — today there is the Detsky Mir (Children’s World) shop. Initially, the Institute had only two faculties: of mechanical engineering and of tank construction, which in 1944 was renamed into the Faculty of Wheeled Caterpillar Vehicles. The Faculty included 24 Departments.

From the beginning of its existence, CMEI started conducting research in the sphere of mechanical engineering. This was the wartime requirement: the country needed equipment and people able to manage it. During the time of post-war recovery of economic development, the country needed specialists of another education spheres: mechanical engineers, metallurgists, power engineers, and constructors. This influenced the university’s structure: new faculties were established. By the end of the 1940s, it became clear that the university can’t efficiently achieve its goals within the old structure; therefore a restructurization started, signifying the beginning of a new stage in the university’s development. By that time, there already were more than 900 students and 9 specialties.

Chelyabinsk Polytechnic Institute — since 1951[edit]

On April 26 of 1949, Decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR No. 1671 was issued on establishment of Chelyabinsk Polytechnic Institute (CPI) on the basis of CMEI through its unification with Chelyabinsk Institute of Mechanization and Electrification of Agriculture (CIMEA) in 1951. But in 1950, an Order was issued which allowed CIMEA to remain an independent institute, and Chelyabinsk Mechanical Engineering Institute was reorganized into Chelyabinsk Polytechnic Institute. The two already-existing Faculties were complimented with new ones: the faculties of Power Engineering, Metallurgy, Engineering and Construction, Mechanical, and Instrument Engineering. In 1958, evening studies were reorganized into a separate Faculty of evening studies.

In August 1951, Associate Professor, Candidate of Engineering Sciences А. Ya. Sychev, was appointed to be the Director of CPI, and in 1952, after А. Ya. Sychev was approved for the position as a Professor of the Department of Economics and Production Organization, training of postgraduates majoring in economic sphere started. The first postgraduate student of А. Ya. Sychev was А. К. Tashchev. In 1953, the Faculty of evening studies was established in Miass branch university, and in 1956, a branch university was founded in Zlatoust. The Faculty of Instrument Engineering was established in 1954.

In order to perform training of research and teaching staff, a Council for Defense of Candidate’s and Doctor’s Dissertations in such specialties as: “Machine Science, Drive Systems and Machine Elements”, “Heat Engines”, “Wheeled and Caterpillar Vehicles” was created at CPI in March 1962. Postgraduate Office was established; research and teaching staff could receive training at the following Departments: “Workstations and Instruments”, “Physical Chemistry”, “Engineering Structures”, “Gyroscopic Apparatus and Devices”, “Water Supply and Water Drainage”, etc.

From the very beginning of the university’s existence, research schools and laboratories were being established, targeted at solving defensive (during the war time) and then economic problems: a basic research laboratory (New technology process of rolling), 12 industrial laboratories and 12 laboratories established upon the Rector’s order. Later, a basic research laboratory of control systems and a laboratory of radio electronics were established; the latest one subsequently became the Research and Development Institute of Digital Systems.

In 1968 the Institute was named after Lenin’s Komsomol. In 1989, the Institute included 8 Faculties.

University — since 1990[edit]

In 1990, Chelyabinsk Polytechnic Institute named after Lenin’s Komsomol was renamed into Chelyabinsk State Technical University (CSTU). At that time, the university started developing liberal arts specialties, departments, and faculties.

In 1997, CSTU was renamed into South Ural State University and transformed from an engineering university into a classic one.

In 2001—2004, the university’s main building got two storeys, a tower and a steeple covered in gold-simulating titanium nitride, additionally constructed in correspondence with its initial “Stalinist” engineering project. Silhouette of the reconstructed main university’s building and the Student memorial installed in front of it in 1994 (the sculptor is Vardkes Avakyan) were used at the university’s coat of arms until 2017. In 2003, two sculptures made by V. Avakyan – Prometheus and Slava – were installed on the building’s façade over the 10th floor.

In April 2010, SUSU became one of Russia’s 15 higher education institutions which were given a status of National Research University.

In 2015, the university got included in a number of universities taking part in Project 5-100, targeted at enhancement of competitiveness of Russia’s leading universities at the global market of educational services.

SUSU today[edit]

SUSU includes 10 Institute sand Schools, an Institute of Supplementary Education, an Institute of Open and Distance Education, 2 Faculties (of Pre-university training and Military training), and 5 branch universities in the Chelyabinsk region (Zlatoust, Miass, Nizhnevartovsk, Nyazepetrovsk, and Satka).[2]

Nowadays SUSU has 28 000 students and more than 2200 academic staff and other employees.[3] In the course of its existence, SUSU overall provided training for more than 240 thousand specialists with higher education, tens of thousands of candidates and doctors of sciences. More than 1800 international students are studying at SUSU.

At the present time, SUSU implements more than 250 bachelor’s and specialist’s programs, 150 master’s programs, 82 majors (specializations) for postgraduate studies, and 157 programs of qualification enhancement and vocational retraining.

3500 students from various countries are distantly obtaining higher education at SUSU in 6 bachelor’s programs and 3 master’s programs.

Sport facilities of the university include an indoor stadium with two tennis courts, a swimming pool of Olympic standard, a Palace of Sports with 18 gyms equipped for practicing boxing, weightlifting, volleyball, basketball, wrestling, table tennis and other sports; overall area of all the sport facilities is 3200 sq meters. The university has its own recreational compound, a summer camp for sport and recreation and a children’s camp. Among the university’s alumni are Olympic champions, acknowledged Masters of Sports, and National Olympic Team members.

SUSU has 21 student organizations,[4] a Center of Arts and Leisure, the Mannequin Student Theatre Studio, as well as vocal, instrumental and dance bands. SUSU organizes concerts, theme-based celebrations and events such as “Miss SUSU”, “Student Spring Festival”, “Odyssey of the Mind”, “Star” Olympiad, etc.

SUSU Science Library is the largest library in the region; its book collection includes more than 13 000 000 items. The university also has 7 museums and the only-in-Russia University Television and Radio Company “SUSU-TV”, broadcasting 24/7 on air as well as via cable networks and in the Internet.

Schools and Institutes[5][edit]

  • Institute of Architecture and Construction[6]
  • School of Medical Biology[7]
  • School of Economics and Management[8]
  • School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science[9]
  • Institute of Linguistics and International Communication[10]
  • Institute of Social Sciences and Humanities[11]
  • Institute of Natural Sciences[12]
  • Institute of Sport, Tourism and Service[13]
  • Polytechnic Institute[14]
  • Institute of Law[15]

SUSU Science Library[edit]

The Science Library of South Ural State University was established in 1943 and is currently one of the biggest university libraries of the Ural Region. The library’s collection includes both contemporary scientific, educational and reference editions (Russian and foreign ones), and selections of rare books of the 19th – 20th century. The collection comprises over 2 mln. items. Printed editions are complimented by electronic documents: books, journals, newspapers, video and audio materials. The library features 11 reading rooms, two electronic resources rooms, and 4 delivery desks (natural sciences and technical literature, social sciences and humanities literature, fiction literature, and a delivery desk for extramural students).[16]

SUSU Museums[edit]

  • Museum of SUSU History

The museum was established in 1980 at the initiative of the Chairperson of the Council of Veterans of the Chelyabinsk Polytechnic Institute Irina Aleksandrovna Korobova. The first part of the exhibit tells about the history of the university’s creation. The museum’s visitors learn how in 1951 Chelyabinsk Mechanical Engineering Institute was reorganized into Chelyabinsk Polytechnic Institute, and what the first student’s cards and grade books looked like. Also in the museum you will find a model of the Shopping Center’s building, and the Book of Distinguished Visitors of Chelyabinsk Polytechnic Institute.[17]

  • Geological Museum

The Geological Museum was opened at the SUSU Faculty of Architecture and Construction on April 12, 2010. The exhibit features rocks and minerals that represent the natural wealth of the Ural Region. The museum has a big collection of iron, copper, nickel ores, and raw materials for production of construction materials. Moreover, the visitors can see ornamental, semiprecious stones and gem stones here. Over one thousand items are exhibited at the museum.[18]

  • Arts Hall

The Arts Hall of South Ural State University was opened on May 8, 2003. Over the years, the Arts Hall has held over 60 exhibitions featuring artworks from Chelyabinsk Regional State Art Museum, Chelyabinsk Regional Division of the Union of Russian Artists, Gildiya Masterov (Craftsmen Guild) creative union, and private collections. The exhibits of the Russian Academy of Arts and the State Russian Museum deserve a special mentioning. Gradually the university is forming its own art collection based on the works donated by artists. The art of photography is also paid attention here. Photo exhibitions of works by famous Chelyabinsk and Russian photographers are regularly held at the Arts Hall.[19]

  • SUSU Museum of Peoples and Technologies of the Ural Region[20]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "South Ural State University (National Research University)". Top Universities. 2015-07-16. Retrieved 2018-06-08.
  2. ^ a b "SUSU at a Glance - South Ural State University". www.susu.ru. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  3. ^ "SUSU at a Glance - South Ural State University". www.susu.ru. Retrieved 2018-06-09.
  4. ^ "University Life at a Glance - South Ural State University". www.susu.ru. Retrieved 2018-06-09.
  5. ^ "Schools and Institutes - South Ural State University". www.susu.ru. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  6. ^ "Institute of Architecture and Construction - South Ural State University". www.susu.ru. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  7. ^ "School of Medical Biology - South Ural State University". www.susu.ru. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  8. ^ "School of Economics and Management - South Ural State University". www.susu.ru. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  9. ^ "School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science - South Ural State University". www.susu.ru. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  10. ^ "Institute of Linguistics and International Communication - South Ural State University". www.susu.ru. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  11. ^ "Institute of Social Sciences and Humanities - South Ural State University". www.susu.ru. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  12. ^ "Institute of Natural Sciences - South Ural State University". www.susu.ru. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  13. ^ "Institute of Sport, Tourism and Service - South Ural State University". www.susu.ru. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  14. ^ "Polytechnic Institute - South Ural State University". www.susu.ru. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  15. ^ "Institute of Law - South Ural State University". www.susu.ru. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  16. ^ "Научная библиотека ЮУрГУ". lib.susu.ru. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  17. ^ "SUSU Museum - South Ural State University". www.susu.ru. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  18. ^ "Geological museum - South Ural State University". www.susu.ru. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  19. ^ "Arts Hall - South Ural State University". www.susu.ru. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  20. ^ "Museum of Nationalities and Technology of the South Urals - South Ural State University". www.susu.ru. Retrieved 2018-06-06.

External links[edit]

“Machine and Cutting Tools” website