South Vietnamese Constitutional Assembly election, 1956

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Constitutional Assembly elections were held in South Vietnam on 4 March 1956.[1] A total of 431 candidates contested the 123 seats from all five registered pro-government political parties, with 11 elected as pro-government independents. Due to President Diem's policy of repression against the opposition and rigid control of the elections in order to prevent infiltration of Viet Cong communist elements, no opposition candidates were allowed to stand. Two deputies were not permitted to take seats due to electoral violations, making the total number of deputies seated at 121.[2] On 26 October the body was transformed into the National Assembly after the new constitution came into effect.[2]


Party Votes % Seats
National Revolutionary Movement 61
Citizens' Assembly 25
Revolutionary Labor Party 15
Movement to Win and Preserve Freedom 8
Dai-Viet Progressive Party 1
Pro-government Independents 11
Invalid/blank votes
Total 121
Source: Secretary of State for Information, Republic of Vietnam


  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume II, p331 ISBN 0-19-924959-8
  2. ^ a b Nohlen et al., p334