South West Bedfordshire (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 51°57′29″N 0°29′28″W / 51.958°N 0.491°W / 51.958; -0.491

South West Bedfordshire
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of South West Bedfordshire in Bedfordshire
Outline map
Location of Bedfordshire within England
CountyBedfordshire
Electorate79,137 (2018)[1]
Major settlementsDunstable, Leighton Buzzard, Linslade and Houghton Regis
Current constituency
Created1983
Member of ParliamentAndrew Selous (Conservative)
Number of membersOne
Created fromSouth Bedfordshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencyEast of England

South West Bedfordshire is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament.[n 1] As with all constituencies of the UK Parliament, it elects one Member of Parliament by the first past the post system of election.

The serving Member since 2001 is Conservative Andrew Selous, who succeeded Conservative David Madel. Selous has been re-elected four times: in 2005, 2010, 2015 and 2017.

Constituency profile[edit]

At the time of the 2011 Census, the population of the constituency of South West Bedfordshire was recorded as 102,031 persons, of whom 50,277 were male, and 51,754 were female.[2] 74.30% of usual residents aged 16–74 are economically active, including 4.22% unemployed. A further 13.27% of the population are retired (lower than both the regional average of 14.4% and national average of 13.7%), and 3.75% are students.[3] A statistical compilation by The Guardian showed unemployment benefits claimants in the constituency for April 2013 were 3.3% of the population, lower than the regional average of 3.6%.[4]

Turnout at the 2015 general election was 51,304, or 64.4% of those eligible to vote; lower than the national turnout of 66.4%.[5] This rose at the time of the 2017 general election to 55,635, or 69.8% of those eligible to vote, which was a percentage point higher than the national turnout of 68.8%.[6]

History[edit]

The constituency was created in 1983, mostly from the former seat of South Bedfordshire. It was represented by Sir David Madel, a Conservative, from its creation until his retirement in 2001; he almost suffered one of the biggest upsets of the 1997 general election, when the Labour Party's candidate spectacularly cut his majority from 21,273 to just 132.

The present Conservative MP for the seat is Andrew Selous; he won the seat in 2001, when he managed to increase the party's majority, but only just: this increased somewhat more substantially each time in 2005 and 2010, ultimately to more than 16,000. The 2010 election also saw the second-placed candidate's party change, to the Liberal Democrats, similar to the results of 1983 and 1987, when this was the joint platform for R. Byfield and J.R. Burrow respectively, the (SDP-Liberal Alliance).

Boundaries[edit]

1983-1997: The District of South Bedfordshire wards of Beaudesert, Brooklands, Dunstable Central, Eaton Bray, Heath and Reach, Hockliffe, Houghton Central, Houghton East, Houghton South, Icknield, Kensworth, Linslade, Northfields, Plantation, Priory, Southcott, Stanbridge, Studham, Totternhoe, and Watling, and the District of Mid Bedfordshire wards of Aspley, Cranfield, Marston, and Woburn.[7]

New County Constituency formed largely from the bulk of the abolished County Constituency of South Bedfordshire, including Dunstable, Leighton Buzzard and Linslade.  Also included south-western part of Mid Bedfordshire.

1997-2010: The District of South Bedfordshire wards of Beaudesert, Brooklands, Dunstable Central, Eaton Bray, Heath and Reach, Hockliffe, Houghton Central, Houghton East, Houghton South, Icknield, Kensworth, Linslade, Northfields, Plantation, Priory, Southcott, Stanbridge, Studham, Totternhoe, and Watling.[8]

Northern parts transferred back to Mid Bedfordshire.

2010–present: The District of South Bedfordshire wards of All Saints, Chiltern, Dunstable Central, Eaton Bray, Grovebury, Heath and Reach, Houghton Hall, Icknield, Kensworth and Totternhoe, Linslade, Manshead, Northfields, Parkside, Planets, Plantation, Southcott, Stanbridge, Tithe Farm, and Watling.[9]

Local authority wards revised, but no changes to boundaries.

Changes proposed by Boundary Commission[edit]

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the 2019 election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.

The Commission recommended that the Central Bedfordshire wards of Aspley and Woburn, and Toddington be transferred from Mid Bedfordshire, offset by the transfer of three wards making up the town of Houghton Regis to Luton North (to be renamed Luton North and Houghton Regis). The part of the ward of Caddington in the constituency would be transferred to Luton South.[10]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[11] Party
1983 Sir David Madel Conservative
2001 Andrew Selous Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

2019 General Election: South West Bedfordshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Emma Matanle[12]
Brexit Party Joe Doherty[13]
General election 2017: South West Bedfordshire[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrew Selous 32,961 59.2 +4.3
Labour Daniel Scott 18,793 33.8 +13.5
Liberal Democrat Daniel Norton 2,630 4.7 -0.4
Green Morvern Rennie 950 1.7 -2.4
Christian Peoples Morenike Mafoh 301 0.5 +0.5
Majority 14,168 25.5 -9.2
Turnout 55,635 69.8 +5.4
Conservative hold Swing
General election 2015: South West Bedfordshire[15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrew Selous [17] 28,212 55.0 +2.2
Labour Daniel Scott [17] 10,399 20.3 +0.7
UKIP John van Weenen [18] 7,941 15.5 +11.3
Liberal Democrat Stephen Rutherford [19] 2,646 5.2 −14.9
Green Emily Lawrence [20] 2,106 4.1 N/A
Majority 17,813 34.7 +1.9
Turnout 51,304 64.4 -1.9
Conservative hold Swing
General election 2010: South West Bedfordshire[21][22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrew Selous 26,815 52.8 +4.5
Liberal Democrat Rod Cantrill 10,166 20.0 +3.2
Labour Jenny Bone 9,948 19.6 −10.6
UKIP Martin Newman 2,142 4.2 +0.0
BNP Mark Tolman 1,703 3.4 N/A
Majority 16,649 32.8 +14.7
Turnout 50,774 66.3 +4.5
Conservative hold Swing +0.7

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General election 2005: South West Bedfordshire[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrew Selous 22,114 48.3 +6.2
Labour Joyce Still 13,837 30.2 −10.2
Liberal Democrat Andrew Strange 7,723 16.9 +2.1
UKIP Tom Wise 1,923 4.2 +1.5
Open-Forum Kenson Gurney 217 0.5 N/A
Majority 8,277 18.1 +16.4
Turnout 45,814 61.8 -0.3
Conservative hold Swing
General election 2001: South West Bedfordshire[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrew Selous 18,477 42.1 +1.4
Labour Andrew Date 17,701 40.4 −0.1
Liberal Democrat Martin Pantling 6,473 14.8 +0.5
UKIP Tom Wise 1,203 2.7 +1.9
Majority 776 1.7 +1.4
Turnout 43,854 62.1 −13.7
Conservative hold Swing +0.7

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General election 1997: South West Bedfordshire[25][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Madel 21,534 40.7 −15.5
Labour Andrew Date 21,402 40.5 +14.7
Liberal Democrat Stephen Owen 7,559 14.3 −2.3
Referendum Rosalind Hill 1,761 3.3 N/A
UKIP Tom Wise 446 0.8 N/A
Natural Law Alexander Le Carpentier 162 0.3 −0.1
Majority 132 0.2 -32.2
Turnout 52,864 75.8 -6.1
Conservative hold Swing −16.1
General election 1992: Bedfordshire South West[27][28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Madel 37,498 57.1 −1.0
Labour Barry Elliott 16,225 24.7 +6.5
Liberal Democrat Mark Freeman 10,988 16.7 −5.5
Green Peter Rollings 689 1.0 −0.3
Natural Law John Gilmour 239 0.4 N/A
Majority 21,273 32.4 −3.5
Turnout 65,639 81.9 +3.6
Conservative hold Swing −3.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General election 1987: South West Bedfordshire[29][30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Madel 36,140 58.2 +3.2
Social Democratic John Burrow 13,835 22.3 −5.5
Labour Paul Dimoldenberg 11,352 18.3 +1.1
Green Peter Rollings 822 1.3 N/A
Majority 22,305 35.9 +8.7
Turnout 62,149 78.7 +3.1
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1983: South West Bedfordshire[31][32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Madel 31,767 55.0 N/A
Social Democratic Richard Byfield 16,036 27.8 N/A
Labour William Cochrane 9,899 17.2 N/A
Majority 15,731 27.2 N/A
Turnout 57,702 75.6 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ South West Bedfordshire is a county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
  3. ^ "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Economic Activity". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
  4. ^ "Unemployment: the key UK data and benefit claimants for every constituency". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
  5. ^ "The May 2015 UK elections: Report on the administration of the 7 May 2015 elections, including the UK Parliamentary general election" (PDF). p. 3.
  6. ^ "General Election 2017: full results and analysis". House of Commons Library. 2017-09-22. Retrieved 2017-10-08.
  7. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-01-30.
  8. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-01-30.
  9. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-01-30.
  10. ^ Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  11. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 2)
  12. ^ "Liberal Democrat Parliamentary Candidates". Mark Pack. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  13. ^ "Southwest Bedfordshire Brexit Party". Southwest Bedfordshire Brexit Party. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  14. ^ Carr, Richard (11 May 2017). "Dated Thursday 11 May 2017 Richard Carr Acting Returning Officer Printed and published by the Acting Returning Officer , Priory House, Monks Walk, Chicksands, Shefford, Bedfordshire, SG17 5TQ STATEMENT OF PERSONS NOMINATED, NOTICE OF POLL AND SITUATION OF POLLING STATIONS" (PDF). Central Bedfordshire Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-06-06.
  15. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  16. ^ "Statement Of Persons Nominated And Notice Of Poll" (PDF). Acting Returning Officer. 9 April 2015. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
  17. ^ a b "UK ELECTION RESULTS". electionresults.blogspot.co.uk.
  18. ^ "2015 Parliamentary Adopted Candidates". myukip.com. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
  19. ^ "List of selected candidates". Liberal Democrats.
  20. ^ "Bedfordshire South West parliamentary constituency - Election 2015 - BBC News". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 13 April 2015.
  21. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  22. ^ http://www.centralbedfordshire.gov.uk/images/South%20Beds%20Statement%20of%20Nomination_tcm5-27595.pdf
  23. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  24. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  25. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  26. ^ "Bedfordshire South West". politicsresources.net.
  27. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  28. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.
  29. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  30. ^ "UK General Election results: June 1987 [Archive]". politicsresources.net.
  31. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  32. ^ "UK General Election results: June 1983 [Archive]". politicsresources.net.