South West Bedfordshire (UK Parliament constituency)
|South West Bedfordshire|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of South West Bedfordshire in Bedfordshire
Location of Bedfordshire within England
|Major settlements||Dunstable, Leighton Buzzard, Linslade and Houghton Regis|
|Member of Parliament||Andrew Selous (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||South Bedfordshire|
|European Parliament constituency||East of England|
South West Bedfordshire is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament.[n 1] As with all constituencies of the UK Parliament, it elects one Member of Parliament by the first past the post system of election.
At the time of the 2011 Census, the population of the constituency of South West Bedfordshire was recorded as 102,031 persons, of whom 50,277 were male, and 51,754 were female. 74.30% of usual residents aged 16–74 are economically active, including 4.22% unemployed. A further 13.27% of the population are retired (lower than both the regional average of 14.4% and national average of 13.7%), and 3.75% are students. A statistical compilation by The Guardian showed unemployment benefits claimants in the constituency for April 2013 were 3.3% of the population, lower than the regional average of 3.6%.
Turnout at the 2015 general election was 51,304, or 64.4% of those eligible to vote; lower than the national turnout of 66.4%. This rose at the time of the 2017 general election to 55,635, or 69.8% of those eligible to vote, which was a percentage point higher than the national turnout of 68.8%.
The constituency was created in 1983, mostly from the former seat of South Bedfordshire. It was represented by Sir David Madel, a Conservative, from its creation until his retirement in 2001; he almost suffered one of the biggest upsets of the 1997 general election, when the Labour Party's candidate spectacularly cut his majority from 21,273 to just 132.
The present Conservative MP for the seat is Andrew Selous; he won the seat in 2001, when he managed to increase the party's majority, but only just: this increased somewhat more substantially each time in 2005 and 2010, ultimately to more than 16,000. The 2010 election also saw the second-placed candidate's party change, to the Liberal Democrats, similar to the results of 1983 and 1987, when this was the joint platform for R. Byfield and J.R. Burrow respectively, the (SDP-Liberal Alliance).
1983-1997: The District of South Bedfordshire wards of Beaudesert, Brooklands, Dunstable Central, Eaton Bray, Heath and Reach, Hockliffe, Houghton Central, Houghton East, Houghton South, Icknield, Kensworth, Linslade, Northfields, Plantation, Priory, Southcott, Stanbridge, Studham, Totternhoe, and Watling, and the District of Mid Bedfordshire wards of Aspley, Cranfield, Marston, and Woburn.
New County Constituency formed largely from the bulk of the abolished County Constituency of South Bedfordshire, including Dunstable, Leighton Buzzard and Linslade. Also included south-western part of Mid Bedfordshire.
1997-2010: The District of South Bedfordshire wards of Beaudesert, Brooklands, Dunstable Central, Eaton Bray, Heath and Reach, Hockliffe, Houghton Central, Houghton East, Houghton South, Icknield, Kensworth, Linslade, Northfields, Plantation, Priory, Southcott, Stanbridge, Studham, Totternhoe, and Watling.
Northern parts transferred back to Mid Bedfordshire.
2010–present: The District of South Bedfordshire wards of All Saints, Chiltern, Dunstable Central, Eaton Bray, Grovebury, Heath and Reach, Houghton Hall, Icknield, Kensworth and Totternhoe, Linslade, Manshead, Northfields, Parkside, Planets, Plantation, Southcott, Stanbridge, Tithe Farm, and Watling.
Local authority wards revised, but no changes to boundaries.
Changes proposed by Boundary Commission
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the 2019 election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.
The Commission recommended that the Central Bedfordshire wards of Aspley and Woburn, and Toddington be transferred from Mid Bedfordshire, offset by the transfer of three wards making up the town of Houghton Regis to Luton North (to be renamed Luton North and Houghton Regis). The part of the ward of Caddington in the constituency would be transferred to Luton South.
Members of Parliament
|1983||Sir David Madel||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Emma Matanle|
|Brexit Party||Joe Doherty|
|Liberal Democrat||Daniel Norton||2,630||4.7||-0.4|
|Christian Peoples||Morenike Mafoh||301||0.5||+0.5|
|Conservative||Andrew Selous ||28,212||55.0||+2.2|
|Labour||Daniel Scott ||10,399||20.3||+0.7|
|UKIP||John van Weenen ||7,941||15.5||+11.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Stephen Rutherford ||2,646||5.2||−14.9|
|Green||Emily Lawrence ||2,106||4.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Rod Cantrill||10,166||20.0||+3.2|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Andrew Strange||7,723||16.9||+2.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Martin Pantling||6,473||14.8||+0.5|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Stephen Owen||7,559||14.3||−2.3|
|Natural Law||Alexander Le Carpentier||162||0.3||−0.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Mark Freeman||10,988||16.7||−5.5|
|Natural Law||John Gilmour||239||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||John Burrow||13,835||22.3||−5.5|
|Social Democratic||Richard Byfield||16,036||27.8||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- South West Bedfordshire is a county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer).
- "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
- "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Economic Activity". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- "Unemployment: the key UK data and benefit claimants for every constituency". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- "The May 2015 UK elections: Report on the administration of the 7 May 2015 elections, including the UK Parliamentary general election" (PDF). p. 3.
- "General Election 2017: full results and analysis". House of Commons Library. 2017-09-22. Retrieved 2017-10-08.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-01-30.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-01-30.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-01-30.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 2)
- "Liberal Democrat Parliamentary Candidates". Mark Pack. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
- "Southwest Bedfordshire Brexit Party". Southwest Bedfordshire Brexit Party. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
- Carr, Richard (11 May 2017). "Dated Thursday 11 May 2017 Richard Carr Acting Returning Officer Printed and published by the Acting Returning Officer , Priory House, Monks Walk, Chicksands, Shefford, Bedfordshire, SG17 5TQ STATEMENT OF PERSONS NOMINATED, NOTICE OF POLL AND SITUATION OF POLLING STATIONS" (PDF). Central Bedfordshire Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-06-06.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Statement Of Persons Nominated And Notice Of Poll" (PDF). Acting Returning Officer. 9 April 2015. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- "UK ELECTION RESULTS". electionresults.blogspot.co.uk.
- "2015 Parliamentary Adopted Candidates". myukip.com. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "List of selected candidates". Liberal Democrats.
- "Bedfordshire South West parliamentary constituency - Election 2015 - BBC News". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 13 April 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Bedfordshire South West". politicsresources.net.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results: June 1987 [Archive]". politicsresources.net.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results: June 1983 [Archive]". politicsresources.net.