South Yemen insurgency
This article's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. (March 2017)
|Part of a series on the|
The South Yemen insurgency is a term used by the Yemeni government to describe the protests and attacks on government forces in southern Yemen, ongoing since 27 April 2009, on South Yemen's independence day. Although the violence has been blamed on elements within the southern secessionist movement, leaders of the group maintain that their aims of independence are to be achieved through peaceful means, and claim that attacks are from ordinary citizens in response to the government's provocative actions. The insurgency comes amid the Shia insurgency in the country's north as led by the Houthi communities. Southern leaders led a brief, unsuccessful secession in 1994 following unification. Many of them are involved in the present secession movement. Southern separatist insurgents are active mainly in the area of former South Yemen, but also in Ad Dali' Governorate, which was not a part of the independent southern state.
In 1990, North Yemen and South Yemen united into one country, but in 1994, South Yemeni army units staged an armed revolt against what they considered corrupt crony state rule by North Yemeni dictator Ali Abdullah Saleh. The revolt however failed as Saleh enlisted Salafi and Jihadist forces to fight against Southern forces of the Yemeni Socialist Party. However, after 15 years, in 2009, prominent Southern Islamist leader Tariq al-Fadhli, who had fought for the Mujahideen in the Soviet–Afghan War, broke his alliance with President Saleh to join the secessionist Southern Movement. This gave new power to movement, in which al-Fadhli became a prominent figure. That same month, on 28 April, a revolt in the South started, with massive demonstrations in most major towns.
The political movement behind the so-called 'insurgency' is a group called the Southern Movement. Led by exiled South Yemeni leaders and opposition figures, this group calls for peaceful protests. However, their protests have recently often turned into riots, some with armed fighters. The insurgency has occasionally been linked by the Yemeni government to Islamist groups, including ex-military commanders and South-Yemeni tribes. South Yemen is home to several jihadist movements, some of which are believed to be affiliated with al-Qaeda, most notably a group called the Aden-Abyan Islamic Army. Naser al-Wahishi the leader of al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula expressed support for the South Yemeni separatist movement. However leaders of the Southern Movement were quick to deny any links with al-Qaeda. Many believe that Saleh's government is using al-Qaeda as a means to win international support against insurgencies in the North and South. As a response to such accusations, Tariq al-Fadhli - one of the leaders of the southern movement - posted a video of himself on YouTube raising the American flag with the national anthem over his compound in an attempt to openly distance himself from Al-Qaeda.
There are many leaders within the movement, including Fadi Hassan Ahmed Baoum who is head of the Southern Movement's Supreme Council. He was arrested and later released by Yemeni authorities. Meanwhile, Tahir Tamah has been said to be behind the group's militant faction.
- 28 April 2009, 14 people are injured and 1 soldier is killed as separatist militants attack a checkpoint in Mukalla, this was the 7th soldier to be killed in South Yemen secessionist violence.
- 3 May, one man is killed and 4 are injured in a bomb blast carried out by separatist militia.
- 4 May 2009, armed South-Yemeni protesters ambushed a military base in the South, killing 1 soldier.
- 8 June 2009, 2 people were killed and 4 were wounded during protests in the South, bringing total casualties to 11 soldiers and 11 others killed.
- 25 July 2009, 1 person was killed and 4 injured as protesters clash with police in Dhaleh.
- 28 July 2009, 4 Yemeni soldiers are killed as armed men attack a government checkpoint in the south. It was said supporters of Tareq al-Fadhli, an Islamist leader who called for protests in response for the death of 16 people at a separatist rally, were responsible
- 25 October 2009, gunmen ambushed a vehicle carrying the body of a soldier killed in Sa'dah, the ambush kills 2 soldiers and injures 3.
- 1 November 2009, armed rebels attack the headquarters of security corps in Abyan Governorate, killing 1 soldier and kidnapping Deputy Governor of Abyan, Adel Hamoud al-Sabri.
- 25 November 2009, clashes between Yemeni security forces and demonstrators left five people, including 2 soldiers dead and 10 people injured.
- 10 January 2010 South Yemenis launched a general strike and staged large protests against what they called oppression by Ali Abdullah Saleh's regime.
- 24 January 2010, in the southern province of Shabwa, in Yemen, three members of Yemen's security forces were killed after an attack on a checkpoint.
- 25 January 2010, during riots, one policeman was killed while 11 policemen and 3 school children were injured.
- 27 January 2010, separatists shoot dead a policeman in Al-Ghaydah.
- 1 February – 24 February, government crackdown arrests 130 separatists in South Yemen.
- 2 February, unknown gunman killed Yemeni opposition figure and Yemeni Socialist Party member Saeed Ahmed Abdullah bin Daoud in Ayban.
- 13 February 2010, Riots in al-Hawta city, Lahij province left one dead and 7 injured. According to Hawta security director Ali Ammar: "Separatist elements blocked the roads, opened fire randomly and hurled a grenade at a security patrol, killing a citizen and injuring others." 
- 17 February 2010, Tareq al-Fadhli announced that starting on 20 February, the next phase of the South Yemeni uprising would begin with mass protests and civil disobedience campaign. The man who died was a protester and another 5 protesters were arrested. However, in a separate clashes armed separatists killed a soldier and wounded three in Shabwa province.
- 20 February 2010, separatists kill the director of a criminal investigations unit and one of his guards in an ambush on a government convoy, another three people were injured. In a separate incident clashes erupted between security forces and gunmen in al-Dalea.
- 22 February 2010, Faris al-Dhama, a South Yemeni activist is arrested and killed by the Yemeni government.
- 23 February 2010, a soldier is killed by armed separatists in Dhale Province 
- 26 February 2010, a soldier is killed in an ambush in the Abyan province.
- 27 February 2010, Yemen declares state of emergency in southern Yemen. This decision follows a rise in attacks against soldiers.
- 1 March 2010, Southern Yemeni activist, accused of links with Al-Qaeda, his wife, son and daughter and two policemen were killed in an armed attack against his home. An other policemen was wounded. In a second time over 19 people were killed in a bombing in the city of Ta'izz.
- 11 March 2010, two militants were killed and 10 others wounded in clashes with police. 6 policemen were also wounded.
- 1 April 2010, an argument between inmates from the separatist Movement for the Independence of Southern Yemen and guards resulted in a bomb being thrown and up to forty inmates escaping in Daleh. Four were reported injured.
- 15 April 2010, two militants were wounded during a riot after a demonstration in the city of Daleh.
- 4 June 2010, a Yemeni colonel and two of his bodyguards were killed in an attack.
- 20 June 2010, two officers were killed in an ambush in the province of Dali.
- 23 June 2010, three soldiers were killed in fighting in Dhaleh province.
- 24 June 2010, three soldiers and a civilian were killed, and eight others wounded in clashes in Dhaleh province.
- 25 June 2010, one Southern Movement separatist was killed by security forces in Aden after a firefight erupted during anti-government protests.
- 7 July 2010, two demonstrators died and four were injured when police attempted to break up anti-government protest in Aden.
- 27 July 2010, separatists ambushed a security patrol in Lahij, killing four soldiers and wounding nine others.
- 5 September 2010, Two people were killed and seven others were injured Sunday in clashes between security forces and militants in Lahij governorate in southern Yemen.
- 17 December 2010, clashes killed four Yemeni soldiers and an army officer after soldiers shot dead a Southern Movement member, Abbas Tanbaj, in Habilain in Lahij governorate. Eight additional people are reported wounded, including five soldiers, two militants, and a civilian.
- 8 January 2011, Southern Movement militants attacked a checkpoint in al Malah district in Lahij governorate. At last two soldiers were killed and another was injured in the attack.
- 10 January 2011, clashes in Lahij governorate killed at last two soldiers.
- 12 January 2011, fighting between southern separatists and soldiers in Lahij governorate killed four Yemeni soldiers and wounded ten others.
- 13 January 2011, southern Movement supporters demonstrated in Mukallah in Hadramawt governorate demanding that detained militants be released. One militant was killed and two others were wounded.
- 16 January 2011, one woman was killed and seven civilians were wounded in Habilain in Lahij governorate during fighting. The army reported that four of its soldiers were wounded during the clashes.
2011 Yemeni revolution
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (February 2011)
- 24 February 2011, at least one civilian was killed during a Southern Movement protest in the city of Lawder in Abyan governorate.
- March 28, 2011, in Shabwa the Southern Movement attacked and looted Central Security camps, taking control of Nessab, Al-Saaed, Haban and Maevaa districts of the city.
- 4 April 2011, southern separatists stormed military checkpoints in the southern governorate of Lahij. The clashes left one soldier dead and five soldiers wounded.
- 20 April 2011, gunmen attacked security forces at a protest in Khormaksar city in Aden governorate, killing one soldier and wounding at least four other people. Some witnesses report that the gunmen were connected to the Southern Movement.
- 10 June 2011, suspected Southern Movement militants attacked a military checkpoint outside al Habilain in Lahij governorate. At least five soldiers and three rebels were killed.
- 16 June 2011, gunmen linked with the Southern Movement shot and killed two Yemeni soldiers in Lahij governorate.
- 24 June 2011, at least three soldiers and a passerby were killed in an attack led by South Yemen militants in al Mansoura.
- 24 June 2011, a famous Southern separatist leader Jeyab al Saadi was killed when security forces opened fire on the funeral procession in Aden.
- 1 July 2011, an armed militant from the Southern Movement was killed in an attack on an army position in Aden. Six others, including three soldiers, were injured in the clash.
- 9 July 2011, Southern Movement was blamed for an ambush against a security patrol killing a Yemeni army officer and two troops. Two civilians were also wounded in the attack.
- 23 August 2011, armed tribesmen backed by the Southern Movement captured a prison in Lahj. Government forces were unable to counter the heavy fire and surrendered. Over 20 prisoners were freed.
The southern movement, like the Houthis rejected a GCC brokered deal between the GPC and Al-Islah and boycotted the February 21, 2012 presidential election leaving Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi as only candidate.
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (January 2014)
- 17 January, Clashes between Yemeni troops and secessionist militants killed four people Friday in southern Yemen, two of them soldiers, sources on both sides said. The fighting broke out when the militants ambushed a military vehicle, killing the soldiers and wounding four others, a military source told AFP.
- 30 January, two soldiers were among four people killed when the army clashed with separatists in Daleh in south Yemen. Southern Movement activists ambushed an army vehicle at dawn with automatic fire, killing two soldiers. Also were killed two attackers and seven more wounded in a subsequent firefight.
- An activist with Southern Movement confirmed the clash, saying the attackers belonged to the militant Southern Resistance group.
- 5 February, unidentified gunmen shot dead four Yemeni soldiers an attack on a military vehicle in the southern Shabwah Governorate. They opened fire as the vehicle headed to an army checkpoint near the port of Balhaf gas-export terminal.
- 7 February, four soldiers killed and many wounded when Yemeni tribesmen ambushed a military convoy accompanying technicians repairmen which were sent to repair an oil pipeline that was blown up by tribal militias in the restive southeastern Hadhramaut Governorate.
- 18 February, Yemen's Ministry of Defense said that nine people were killed in clashes between armed men and Yemeni soldiers in the southern city of Dalea. Including four soldiers and one officer were killed in the clashes. Also fourteen other soldiers were kidnapped.
- 9 March, At least two Yemeni soldiers and four militants were killed in a clash on Saturday when fighters tried to attack a military compound in southern Yemen.
- 7 August, military and local officials said that eleven militants and four Yemeni soldiers were killed in attacks on two army posts in the southeastern Hadramawt province.
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (February 2015)
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (November 2017)
In the end of April 2017, Governor of the Aden Governorate Aidarus al-Zoubaidi was sacked by President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, with the reason of disloyalty to him, and loyalty to the Southern Movement. In May 3, major rallies were held in Aden to protest the decision of Hadi. One week later, Southern Transitional Council was formed, and some of the members were the governors of Dhale, Shabwah, Hadhramaut, Lahij, Socotra, and Al Mahrah governorates. It also have partial control in Abyan and Aden governorates. One day later, Hadi rejected the council, and called it illegitimate.
- 28 January – Begin of the Battle of Aden (2018) between the Yemeni Government and the Southern Transitional Council (STC)
- 30 January – STC conquers Aden
- "Violent Clashes between Al-Maraqeshah and Gunmen of Mobility in Abyan- Yemen Post English Newspaper Online". Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- "Yemen's Saudi-backed government 'to flee from Aden'". The Guardian. 30 January 2018.
- "Breaking: Yemeni separatists conquer the city of Aden from Saudi-backed forces after two-day battle". AMN. 30 January 2018.
- "Army-separatist clash kills four in south Yemen". The Daily Star. 30 January 2014.
- Yemen after Saleh: A future fraught with violence Archived 2012-08-25 at the Wayback Machine.
- "South Yemen: Is It About to Declare Independence? - TIME". TIME.com. 8 July 2011. Retrieved 3 December 2014.
- "500 'Qaida' Killed, Aid Needed, Says Yemen Army". Naharnet. 5 June 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
- , "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-07-15. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- "Tracker: Unrest in Southern Yemen - Critical Threats". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 3 December 2014.
- "Yemen policeman shot dead in restive south". AFP. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- F. William Engdahl,Voltaire Network. "Yemen: Behind Al-Qaeda Scenarios, an unfolding stealth agenda". Voltaire Network. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- "Login". Retrieved 3 December 2014.
- "Associating the Liberation Movement of South Yemen with Al Qaeda is Red Herring". American Chronicle. Archived from the original on April 19, 2012. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- "'US exaggerating al-Qaeda threat in Yemen'". Presstv.com. Archived from the original on 2012-05-27. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- "Tariq al-Fadhli hoisted the American flag on his house". Aden Press. 2010-02-05.
- "Reuters AlertNet – Yemeni soldier killed in protesters' attack". Alertnet.org. 2009-04-28. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- "Bomb kills Yemeni in southern clashes- Yemen Post English Newspaper Online". Yemenpost.net. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- "Yemeni soldier killed in clashes in troubled south". U-T San Diego. Retrieved 3 December 2014.
- "Two dead as south Yemen protesters clash with police". The Daily Star. Beirut, Lebanon: Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- "Two demonstrators killed in clashes with Yemeni police – People's Daily Online". English.peopledaily.com.cn. 2009-06-08. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- google news Four Yemeni soldiers killed as unrest swells, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
- reuters Two Yemeni soldiers killed in ambush in south
- "Trend News: One soldier killed, official kidnapped in south Yemen". En.trend.az. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- "Five killed in south Yemen protests". Presstv.ir. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- "Yemenis stage general strike to protest 'oppression'". Presstv.com. 2010-01-10. Archived from the original on 2012-05-27. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- "Yemen troops killed in attack on checkpoint". BBC News. 2010-01-24. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- (AFP) – Jan 25, 2010 (2010-01-25). "AFP: One killed and 14 wounded in Yemen separatist violence". Google.com. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- "Khaleej Times Online – Yemen police officer shot dead by secessionists". Khaleejtimes.com. 2010-01-27. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- "Sahwa Net". Alsahwanet.net. 2010-02-24. Retrieved 2010-04-27.[permanent dead link]
- "Yemeni opposition figure gunned down". Presstv.com. 2010-02-02. Archived from the original on 2012-05-31. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- "One Killed, 7 Injured in South Yemen Protest: Source". :. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- "South Yemen uprising starts Saturday, says separatist". www.english.rfi.fr. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- "NewsYemen". NewsYemen. 2010-02-13. Archived from the original on 2010-07-15. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- Reuters (2010-02-20). "Two dead in ambush of govt vehicle in south Yemen". Arab News. Archived from the original on 2010-02-23. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- "Arrests, Detentions, Death in Yemen's Southern Conflict | Middle East | English". .voanews.com. 2010-02-23. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- "Saba Net – Yemen news agency". Sabanews.net. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- "Saba Net – Yemen news agency". Sabanews.net. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- Mohammed Ghobari (2010-02-27). "Yemen declares state of emergency in southern city". Reuters. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- "Yémen/Sud: un activiste tué ainsi que trois proches et deux policiers – RTL info". Rtlinfo.be. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
- "Une explosion détruit un immeuble au Yémen, on craint 19 morts, actualité Monde : Le Point". Lepoint.fr. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- "2 Killed, 10 Wounded in Riot-Hit South- Yemen Post English Newspaper Online". Yemenpost.net. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- "Middle East – Scores escape amid Yemen jail blast". Al Jazeera English. 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- lefigaro.fr (2010-04-15). "Le Figaro – Flash Actu : Yemen: manifestations de l'opposition". Lefigaro.fr. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- AFP: Suspected Qaeda members kill Yemeni colonel
- "Yemen: 2 Army Officers Killed in Southern Ambush". Fox News. 2010-06-20.
- AFP: '3 Yemeni soldiers die' in clashes in south
- "Tracker: Unrest in Southern Yemen – Critical Threats". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- One killed as police clash with separatists in southern Yemen – Monsters and Critics
- "2 Die, 4 Hospitalized after Police Thwart Aden Rally on War's End Anniversary – Yemen Post English Newspaper Online". Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- "2 Killed and 7 Injured in Lahj Clashes – Yemen Post English Newspaper Online". Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- YemenOnline – Voice of Yemen : Separatists attack security checkpoint killing two soldiers
- Fierce clashes between the army and the separatists South of Yemen
- Woman dies in south Yemen protest
- "One killed, another Wounded in Abyan- Yemen Post English Newspaper Online". Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- Yemeni regime loses grip on four provinces - Arab News
- "One soldier killed in raid by separatist militants in south Yemen". Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- "Eight die as Yemeni troops fight southern rebels". Reuters. 10 June 2011.
- "Army kills 'al-Qaeda fighters' in Yemen". Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- Kasinof, Laura (24 June 2011). "Yemen's Security Forces Clash With Protesters at Funeral Procession for a Popular Activist". The New York Times.
- Yemenis stage mass rival rallies
- Three soldiers killed in south Yemen ambush
- "Armed tribesmen storm prison, police station in south Yemen". Trend. 22 August 2011. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- "Houthis and Southern Movement to boycott February election". Yemen Times. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- "Four killed in south Yemen clashes". The Daily Star. 17 January 2014.
- "Gunmen kill four soldiers in south Yemen: official". The Daily Star. 5 February 2014.
- "Yemen tribesmen kill soldiers in restive Hadramawt". The Daily Star. 7 February 2014.
- "Nine dead, 14 soldiers seized in clashes between gunmen and army in Yemen". The Daily Star. 18 February 2014.
- "Two Yemeni soldiers, 30 people killed in clashes". World Bulletin. 9 March 2014.
- ""Al-Qaeda" attacks in Yemen leave 15 dead". NOW. 7 August 2014.
- "GCC rejects formation of Yemen transitional council | Yemen News | Al Jazeera". aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
- The New Arab. "Banished Aden governor forms independent "South Yemen" council". alaraby.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
- Saudi Research & Marketing (uk) Ltd. "Hadi Rejects 'South Council,' Urges Members to Clarify their Stances - ASHARQ AL-AWSAT English". english.aawsat.com. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
- "Yemen gov't rejects formation of "southern transitional council" - Xinhua | English.news.cn". news.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
- "Südjemenitische Separatisten erobern Aden". NZZ. 30 January 2018.
- "Separatists Takes Control of Aden, Yemen: Residents". Abb Takk. 30 January 2018.
- "Yemen separatists 'capture Aden' from Hadi forces". The Irish Times. 30 January 2018.
- "Yemen separatists capture Aden, government confined to palace - residents". Swissinfo. 30 January 2018.
- "I separatisti del sud dello Yemen hanno conquistato Aden, città controllata dai loro ex alleati". Il Post. 30 January 2018.
- "Yemen separatists capture Aden, government confined to palace: residents". Reuters. 30 January 2018.