South of the Border (attraction)
South of the Border's large welcome sign
|Location||Dillon, South Carolina, US|
South of the Border is an attraction on Interstate 95 and US Highway 301/501 in Dillon, South Carolina, just south of Rowland, North Carolina. It is so named because it is just south of the border between North Carolina and South Carolina and is tongue in cheek themed in faux Mexican style. The rest area contains restaurants, gas stations, and a motel, and truck stop as well as a small dilapidated amusement park with no operating rides but a mini golf course still in commission, shopping and fireworks stores. Its mascot is Pedro, a caricature of a Mexican bandido.
The entire motif of South of the Border can be described as intentionally campy. South of the Border is located at the intersection of Interstate 95 and 301/501 just south of the border between South Carolina and North Carolina. The site is a 350-acre (140 ha) compound that contains a miniature golf course, truck stop, 300-room motel, multiple souvenir shops, a campground, multiple restaurants, amusement rides, reptile zoo and a 200-foot (61 m) observation tower with a sombrero shaped observation deck.
Architectural styles include Googie, including "a Jetsonsesque starburst chandelier" in the lobby and Mimetic. Pedro's Pleasure Dome is a swimming pool inside "a junkyard version" of a geodesic dome. A Washington Post review says, "[F]lashing signs ... throw technicolor pink and green and blue onto every surface. No destination or sentiment is too small to be blared out in bright orange." Numerous large statues of animals such as dolphins, horses, dogs, gorillas and dinosaurs can be found. The Peddler Steakhouse, the nicest of the restaurants, is shaped like a sombrero, while the Mexican-themed Sombrero restaurant is not, though its décor includes sombreros, cactus and terra cotta, with lots of lime green. There are areas that bring to mind the photography of William Eggleston, the cinematography of David Lynch, and the gas station art of Ed Ruscha.
South of the Border was developed by Alan Schafer in 1950. He had founded South of the Border Depot, a beer stand, at the location in 1949 adjacent to Robeson County which was, at one time, one of many dry North Carolina counties. Business was steadily expanded with Mexican trinkets and numerous kitsch items imported from Mexico. The site itself also began to expand to include a cocktail lounge, gas station and souvenir shop and, in 1954, a motel. In 1962, South of the Border expanded into fireworks sales, potentially capitalizing on the fact fireworks were illegal in North Carolina. In 1964 it was announced that the route for Interstate 95 would pass right by South of the Border, with the facility being next to two exits and within view of the highway. By the mid-1960s, South of the Border had expanded to include a barber shop, drug store, a variety store, a post office an outdoor go-kart track complete with other outdoor recreational facilities and the 104 feet (32 m) tall image of the mascot, Pedro.
||This section contains close paraphrasing of a non-free copyrighted source, King, P. Nicole (2012). Sombreros and Motorcycles in a Newer South: The Politics of Aesthetics in South Carolina's Tourism Industry. (January 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Initially, Schafer only employed sombreros and serapes to advertise South of the Border. Schafer went to Mexico because of his import business and came back with two men he hired as bellboys, who people began calling Pedro and Pancho. From there, the Pedro mascot developed. Schafer eventually created Pedro, to add to the exotic element and theme of the attraction. Pedro is an exaggerated, cartoon-like representation of a Mexican bandito. Pedro wears a sombrero, a poncho and a large mustache. Minstrel shows were still popular in Dillon County in the 1940s and 50s, at about the time Pedro was created and P. Nicole King argues Pedro embodies the way in which people exoticized Mexico or Mexicans at the time while also remaining intentionally campy. Pedro has likewise been referred to as culturally offensive, politically incorrect or racist. P. Nicole King described Pedro’s image as a “southern Jewish guy in brown face” that was perhaps made, partially, in Schafer's image. Schafer himself had previously dismissed criticism that Pedro is an unfair characterization of Mexicans arguing it’s a light-hearted joke. Today, all South of the Border employees, regardless of race, creed or color are referred to as Pedro.
- Tourist trap
- Ethnic stereotype
- Wall Drug, a similar attraction off Interstate 90 in South Dakota
- Breezewood, Pennsylvania
- Stanonis 2008, p. 148.
- Judkis, Maura (July 14, 2016). "This S.C. roadside attraction is garish, tacky and un-PC — but I stopped anyway". Washington Post.
- Reeves 2011, p. 47.
- South of the Border History.
- Stanonis 2008, p. 148, 156.
- Fayetteville Observer 2009.
- Stanonis 2008, p. 155.
- Stanonis 2008, p. 155-156.
- King 2012, p. 90.
- King 2012, p. 96.
- Greenberg 2008, p. 255.
- King 2012, pp. 87, 91.
- "7 Controversial & Offensive Tourist Attractions In The U.S.". Spin Media (Vibe). 10 November 2015.
- King 2012, p. 91.
- King 2012, p. 93, 94.
- King 2012, p. 93.
- Greenberg, Peter (2008). Don't Go There!: The Travel Detective's Essential Guide to the Must-Miss Places of the World. Rodale.
- King, P. Nicole (2012). Sombreros and Motorcycles in a Newer South: The Politics of Aesthetics in South Carolina's Tourism Industry. Univiversity Press of Mississippi. ISBN 978-1617032516.
- Reeves, James (2011). The Road to Somewhere: An American Memoir. New York: Norton and Company.
- Stanonis, Anthony Joseph, ed. (2008). Dixie Emporium: Tourism, Foodways, and Consumer Culture in the American South. Athens: University of Georgia Press. OCLC 193911014.
- "HISTORY South of the Border".
- "In College: Bernanke once had job at South of the Border". Fayetteville Observer. 2009-03-18. Archived from the original on January 31, 2010. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to South of the Border (attraction).|
- Official website
- Photo Gallery and Fun Facts about South of the Border - SCIway.net, South Carolina Information Highway
- Article in Roadside America
- Article in RoadTrip America
- Funny Tribute Song and Music Video