Southampton, New York

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Southampton, New York
Town
Town of Southampton
Cooper's Beach in Southampton
Cooper's Beach in Southampton
Flag of Southampton, New York
Flag
Official seal of Southampton, New York
Seal
Southampton-town-map.gif
Southampton is located in New York
Southampton
Southampton
Coordinates: 40°53′7″N 72°23′43″W / 40.88528°N 72.39528°W / 40.88528; -72.39528Coordinates: 40°53′7″N 72°23′43″W / 40.88528°N 72.39528°W / 40.88528; -72.39528
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountySuffolk
Government
 • TypeCivil township
 • SupervisorJay Schneiderman (D)
Area[1]
 • Total293.71 sq mi (760.70 km2)
 • Land139.19 sq mi (360.51 km2)
 • Water154.51 sq mi (400.19 km2)
Elevation26 ft (8 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total56,790
 • Estimate (2016)[2]58,119
 • Density417.54/sq mi (161.21/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes11968-11969
Area code(s)631
FIPS code36-103-68473
GNIS feature ID0965893
Websitewww.southamptontownny.gov

Southampton, officially the Town of Southampton, is a town located in southeastern Suffolk County, New York, partly on the South Fork of Long Island. As of the 2010 United States Census, the town had a total population of 56,790. Southampton is included in the stretch of shoreline prominently known as The Hamptons.

Stony Brook University's Southampton campus is located here.

History[edit]

George Bradford Brainerd (American, 1845–1887). East Side of Pond, South Hampton, Long Island, ca. 1872–1887. Collodion silver glass wet plate negative, Brooklyn Museum

The town was founded when settlers from Lynn, Massachusetts established residence on lands obtained from local Shinnecock Indian Nation in 1640. The first settlers included eight men, one woman, and a boy who came ashore at Conscience Point. These men were Thomas Halsey, Edward Howell, Edmond Farrington, Edmund Needham, Abraham Pierson the Elder, Thomas Sayre, Josiah Stanborough, George Welbe, Henry Walton and Job Sayre. By July 7, 1640, they had determined the town boundaries. During the next few years (1640–43), Southampton was further increased in population by 43 families.

From 1644, the colonists established an organised whale fishery, significant in the history of whaling as the first in New England. They chased pilot whales ("blackfish") onto the shelving beaches for slaughter, a sort of dolphin drive hunting. They also processed drift whales they found on shore. They observed the Native Americans' hunting techniques, improved on their weapons and boats, and then went out to ocean hunting.[3]

The first meeting house was on a hill that is the site of the current Southampton Hospital. The oldest existent house in the town is the Halsey House at 249 Main Street, which was built by Thomas Halsey, one of the first Englishmen to trade with the Shinnecocks.[4]

Southampton has 47 public and private cemeteries,[5] not including Shinnecock Hills Golf Club, which is claimed as an Indian burial ground that is no longer in active use.[6] Southampton is named after the port city of Southampton in Hampshire, England.

The Town of Southampton operates an official historical web site.[7] The site shows the locations of over 100 points of interest, historic markers, and historic districts as well as over 1500 photos.

In 2005 the Shinnecock nation filed a lawsuit against the state seeking the return of 3,500 acres (14 km²) in Southampton located near the tribe’s reservation, and billions of dollars in reparations for damages suffered by colonial land grabs. The disputed property includes the Shinnecock Hills Golf Club, which Shinnecock say is the location of tribe burial grounds.

The tribe has challenged the state legislatures' approval of an 1859 sale of the 3,500 acres of tribal land. This broke the terms of a 1,000-year-lease signed by Southampton colonial officials and the tribe in 1703. The suit charges that in 1859, a group of powerful New York investors conspired to break the lease by sending the state Legislature a fraudulent petition from a number of Shinnecock tribal members. Although other tribal members immediately protested that the petition was a forgery, the legislature approved the sale of 3,500 acres (14 km²) of tribal land.[8]

Government and politics[edit]

The current town supervisor is Jay Schneiderman, a former Independence Party member now a registered Democratic who was elected in November 2015 with 56.34% of the vote and again in November 2017 with 62.3%.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 295.6 square miles (765.6 km²), of which, 138.9 square miles (359.7 km²) of it is land and 156.7 square miles (405.9 km²) of it is water. The total area is 53.02% water.

The Town of Southampton contains 7 incorporated villages and 16 unincorporated areas, which are called hamlets in New York state.[9]

Villages (incorporated)[edit]

Hamlets (unincorporated)[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
17903,408
18003,6707.7%
18103,8996.2%
18204,2298.5%
18304,85014.7%
18406,20527.9%
18506,5014.8%
18606,8034.6%
18706,135−9.8%
18806,3523.5%
18908,20029.1%
190010,37126.5%
191011,2408.4%
192011,6143.3%
193015,34132.1%
194015,295−0.3%
195016,83010.0%
196027,09561.0%
197036,15433.4%
198042,84918.5%
199044,9765.0%
200054,71321.6%
201056,7903.8%
Est. 201658,119[2]2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 54,712 people, 21,504 households and 13,805 families residing in the town. The population density was 394.0 people per square mile (152.1/km²). There were 35,836 housing units at an average density of 258.0 per square mile (99.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 87.98% White, 6.62% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.89% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 2.28% from other races, and 1.73% from two or more races.

There were 21,504 households out of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the town, the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $53,887, and the median income for a family was $65,144. Males had a median income of $47,167 versus $32,054 for females. The per capita income for the town was $31,320. About 5.3% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

In 2016, according to Business Insider, the 11962 zip code encompassing Sagaponack, within Southampton, was listed as the most expensive in the U.S., with a median home sale price of $8.5 million.[12]

Economy[edit]

Major employers in Southampton include[13]

Employer Community
Southampton Hospital Southampton
Stop & Shop Southampton
Village of Southampton Southampton
Southampton Union Free School District Southampton
Meadow Club of Southampton Southampton
Hardy Fuel Shinnecock Hills
The Hamptons Center for Rehabilitation and Nursing Southampton
Hampton Jitney North Sea
Bathing Corporation of Southampton Southampton

Radio stations[edit]

Bridgehampton

Hampton Bays

Sag Harbor

Southampton

Westhampton

Notable people[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Railroad lines[edit]

The Long Island Rail Road's sole line in the Town of Southampton is the Montauk Branch, which includes stations in Speonk, Westhampton, Hampton Bays, Southampton and Bridgehampton. Quogue and Southampton Campus also had their own stations until 1998.

Bus service[edit]

The Town of Southampton is served primarily by Suffolk County Transit bus routes, although Hampton Jitney buses are available for trips to and from New York City.

Major roads[edit]

Airports[edit]

The town of Southampton contains the Francis S. Gabreski Airport north of Westhampton, and East Hampton Airport along the Southampton-East Hampton Town Line. The Southampton Heliport can also be found on the east side of the Shinnecock Inlet.

Ferries[edit]

The sole ferry in the Town of Southampton takes NY 114 drivers across the Shelter Island Sound between North Haven and Shelter Island.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ Federal Writers' Project. Whaling Masters. Works Progress Administration. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  4. ^ "Exploring Main St. In The Oldest Town In N.Y. By Emily J. Weitz – Dan's Papers – June 1, 2007". danshamptons.com.
  5. ^ Clavin, Tom (August 15, 2004). "Southampton Takes A Cemetery Census". New York Times. Retrieved October 16, 2008. The Town of Southampton has completed the first phase of an ambitious census of its 47 public and private cemeteries in an effort to record local history and to deter vandalism.
  6. ^ Longislandgolfnews.com Archived May 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "Southampton NY Historic Places". historic.southamptontownny.gov.
  8. ^ "This Tribe Wants to Kick Rich People Out of the Hamptons". vice.com. September 3, 2014.
  9. ^ "Hamlets". Town of Southampton. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ Raisa Bruner (March 7, 2016). "The 25 most expensive ZIP codes in America". Business Insider. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
  13. ^ Search Results - Salinas, California - ReferenceUSA Current Businesses

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Bridgehampton
The Hamptons Succeeded by
Hampton Bays