Southampton (UK Parliament constituency)

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Southampton
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1295–1950
Number of members two
Replaced by Southampton Itchen and Southampton Test

Southampton was a parliamentary constituency which was represented in the British House of Commons. Centred on the town of Southampton, it returned two members of parliament (MPs) from 1295 until it was abolished for the 1950 general election.

Boundaries[edit]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1295–1660[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1307 Sir William Russell of Yaverland[1]
1386 John Penkestone Roger Mascall[2]
1388 (February) William Maple John Scarlet[2]
1388 (September) Nicholas Sherwind John Bigard[2]
1390 (January) William Maple Thomas Appleby[2]
1390 (November)
1391 William Maple Thomas Appleby[2]
1393 William Maple Thomas Appleby[2]
1394 John Penkestone Thomas Appleby[2]
1395 Thomas Appleby Thomas Marlborough[2]
1397 (January) Thomas Appleby John Dering[2]
1397 (September) Walter Lange John Dering[2]
1399 Thomas Middleton Richard Bradway[2]
1401
1402 Thomas Middleton Thomas Marlborough[2]
1404 (January)
1404 (October)
1406 Walter Lange John Penkestone[2]
1407
1410
1411 John Shipton Thomas Marlborough[2]
1413 (February)
1413 (May) Thomas Armorer William Soper[2]
1414 (April) Thomas Armorer Thomas Marlborough[2]
1414 (November) William Soper Thomas Marlborough[2]
1415 Thomas Marlborough Benedict Wichford[2]
1416 (March) Thomas Marlborough Benedict Wichford[2]
1416 (October)
1417 John Lucas William Chamberlain[2]
1419 William Soper William Chamberlain[2]
1420 William Soper William Chamberlain[2]
1421 (May) Richard Thornes Thomas Marlborough[2]
1421 (December) William Soper John Mascall[2]
1510–1515 No names known[3]
1523 Nicholas Dey  ?[3]
1529 Nicholas Dey John Mill[3]
1536 Nicholas Dey  ?[3]
1539 John Mill John Huttoft[3]
1542 John Huttoft  ?[3]
1545  ?
1547 Sir Robert Southwell Thomas Mill[3]
1553 (March) James Stonard  ?[3]
1553 (October) Sir Francis Fleming Thomas Mill[3]
1554 (April) Richard Butler James Brande[3]
1554 (November) James Brande James Stonard[3]
1555 James Brande Thomas Fassmyn[3]
1558 John Staveley James Brande[3]
1559 Thomas Beckingham Edward Wilmott[4]
1563 John Caplyn James Brande[4]
1571 Edward Horsey Sir John Croke[4]
1572 Sir Henry Wallop, posted to Ireland ,
replaced in 1581 by
Fulke Greville
Nicholas Caplyn[4]
1584 Thomas Digges Thomas Godard[4]
1586 John Penruddock William Thorley[4]
1588 Thomas Wilkes Richard Goddard[4]
1593 Sir Thomas Wilkes Thomas Heton[4]
1597 William Wallop Francis Bacon, sat for Ipswich,
repl. by
Sir Oliver Lambert[4]
1601 Thomas Fleming Thomas Lambert[4]
1604 Sir Thomas Fleming, made judge
and repl. in 1604 by
Sir Thomas Fleming
Sir John Jeffrys
1614 Sir Thomas Fleming Thomas Cheeke
1621–1622 Sir Thomas Fleming Henry Sherfield
1624 Sir John Mill, 1st Baronet Henry Sherfield, sat for Salisbury,
repl. by
John Bonde
1625 Sir John Mill, 1st Baronet George Gallop
1626 Sir John Mill, 1st Baronet George Gallop
1628 John Major George Gallop
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
1640 (April) Sir John Mill, 1st Baronet Thomas Levington
1640 (November) George Gallop Edward Exton
1653 Southampton not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654 John Lisle (one seat only)
1656 John Lisle (one seat only)
1659 Thomas Knollys Roger Gallop
1659 Edward Exton

MPs 1660–1832[edit]

Year 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
1660 William Stanley Robert Richbell
1661 Sir Richard Ford (died 1678) William Legge (died 1670)
1670 Thomas Knollys
1678 Sir Benjamin Newland
1679 (February)
1679 (August) Sir Charles Wyndham
1681
1685
1689 Richard Brett
1689 Edward Fleming
1689 Sir Charles Wyndham
1698 John Smith
1699 Roger Mompesson
January 1701 Mitford Crow
November 1701 Adam de Cardonnel
1702 Frederick Tylney
1705 Viscount Woodstock
1708 Simeon Stuart
1710 Richard Fleming
1712 Roger Harris
1715 Thomas Lewis
1722 Thomas Missing
1727 Robert Eyre Anthony Henley
1729 by-election Sir William Heathcote
1734 John Conduitt
1737 by-election Thomas Lee Dummer
1741 Peter Delmé Edward Gibbon Senior
1747 Anthony Langley Swymmer
1754 Hans Stanley
1760 by-election Henry Dawkins
1768 The Viscount Palmerston
1774 John Fleming
January 1780 by-election John 'Mad Jack' Fuller
Sep 1780 Hans Sloane
1784 John Fleming James Amyatt
1790 Henry Martin
1795 by-election George Henry Rose
1806 Arthur Atherley
1807 Josias Jackson
1812 Arthur Atherley
March 1818 by-election William Chamberlayne
Jun 1818 Sir William Champion de Crespigny, Bt
1826 Abel Rous Dottin
Jan. 1830 by-election James Barlow-Hoy
1831 Arthur Atherley John Storey Penleaze

MPs 1832–1950[edit]

Election 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
1832 James Barlow-Hoy[5] Conservative Arthur Atherley Liberal
1833[5] John Storey Penleaze Liberal
1835 James Barlow-Hoy Conservative Abel Rous Dottin Conservative
1837 Viscount Duncan Liberal
1841[6] Lord Bruce Conservative Charles Cecil Martyn Conservative
1842 by-election[6] Humphrey St John-Mildmay Conservative George William Hope Conservative
1847 Sir Alexander Cockburn Liberal Brodie McGhie Willcox Liberal
1857 by-election Thomas Matthias Weguelin Liberal
1859 William Digby Seymour
1862 by-election William Anderson Rose Conservative
1865 Russell Gurney Conservative George Moffatt Liberal
1868 Peter Merrick Hoare Conservative
1874 Sir Frederick Perkins Liberal
1878 by-election Alfred Giles Conservative
1880 Henry Lee Liberal Charles Parker Butt Liberal
1883 by-election Alfred Giles Conservative
1885 Sir John Edmund Commerell Conservative
1888 by-election Francis Henry Evans Liberal
1892 Tankerville Chamberlayne Conservative
1895 Sir John Simeon, Bt. Liberal Unionist
1896 by-election Sir Francis Henry Evans Liberal
1900 Tankerville Chamberlayne Conservative
1906 Sir Ivor Philipps Liberal William Dudley Ward Liberal
1922 Edwin King Perkins Conservative Lord Apsley Conservative
1929 Ralph Morley Labour Tommy Lewis Labour
1931 William Craven-Ellis Conservative Sir Charles Barrie Liberal
Feb 1940 by-election Sir John Reith National
Nov 1940 by-election Dr Russell Thomas National Liberal
1945 Ralph Morley Labour Tommy Lewis Labour
1950 constituency abolished: see Southampton Itchen and Southampton Test

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1830s[edit]

Southampton by-election, 1830: Southampton[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Barlow Hoy 437
Liberal John Storey Penleaze 175
Majority
Turnout
General Election 1832: Southampton [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Atherley 645
Conservative James Barlow Hoy 604
Liberal John Storey Penleaze 594
Conservative James Mackillop 249
Majority
Turnout

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election August 1885: Southampton[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alfred Giles 5,595 28.0
Conservative John Edmund Commerell 5,307 26.5
Liberal Henry Lee 4,566 22.8
Liberal E. Jones 4,535 22.7
Majority 741 3.7
Turnout 83.8
Registered electors 12,061
Conservative gain from Liberal
Conservative gain from Liberal
General Election August 1886: Southampton[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alfred Giles 5,023 27.7 −0.3
Conservative John Edmund Commerell 4,726 26.0 −0.5
Liberal J.H. Cooksey 4,384 24.1 +1.3
Liberal J.C. McCoan 4,029 22.2 −0.5
Majority 342 1.9 −1.8
Turnout 76.7 −7.7
Registered electors 12,061
Conservative hold
Conservative hold
By-election, 1888: Southampton[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Francis Evans 5,151 54.7 N/A
Conservative Arthur Guest 4,266 45.3 N/A
Majority 885 9.4 N/A
Turnout 74.8 −1.3
Registered electors 12,596
Liberal gain from Conservative

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election August 1892: Southampton[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Tankerville Chamberlayne 5,449 26.8 +0.8
Liberal Francis Evans 5,182 25.6 +1.5
Liberal C. Burt 4,920 24.3 +2.1
Unionist Alfred Giles 4,734 23.3 −4.4
Majority 529 2.5 +0.6
Majority 448 2.3 N/A
Turnout 77.1 +1.0
Registered electors 13,717
Unionist hold
Liberal gain from Unionist
Chamberlayne & Simeon
General Election August 1895: Southampton[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Tankerville Chamberlayne 5,924 27.5 +0.7
Liberal Unionist John Simeon 5,390 25.0 +1.7
Liberal Francis Evans 5,181 24.1 −1.5
Lib-Lab H.G. Wilson 4,178 19.4 −4.9
Ind. Labour Party Ramsay MacDonald 867 4.0 N/A
Majority 743 3.4 +0.9
Majority 209 0.9 N/A
Turnout 76.8 −0.3
Registered electors 14,725
Unionist hold
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal
By-election, 1896: Southampton[9][note 1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Francis Evans 5,555 48.9 N/A
Unionist G. Candy 5,522 48.7 N/A
Social Democratic Federation C.A. Gibson 274 2.4 N/A
Majority 33 0.2 N/A
Turnout 76.1 −0.7
Registered electors 14,919
Liberal gain from Unionist

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election August 1900: Southampton[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Tankerville Chamberlayne 6,888 29.4 +1.9
Liberal Unionist John Simeon 6,253 26.8 +1.8
Liberal Francis Evans 5,575 23.9 −0.2
Liberal Clarendon Hyde 4,652 19.9 +0.5
Majority 1,313 5.5 +2.1
Majority 678 2.9 +2.0
Turnout 72.6 −4.2
Registered electors 16,505
Unionist hold
Liberal Unionist hold
Ivor Philipps
Harry Quelch
General Election January 1906: Southampton[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Ivor Philipps 7,032 26.4 +2.5
Liberal Dudley Ward 6,255 23.4 +3.5
Unionist Tankerville Chamberlayne 5,754 21.5 −7.9
Unionist J. Aird 5,535 20.7 −6.1
Social Democratic Federation Harry Quelch 2,146 8.0 N/A
Majority 501 1.9 N/A
Turnout 80.1 +7.5
Registered electors 17,613
Liberal gain from Unionist
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Dudley Ward
General Election January 1910: Southampton[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Ivor Philipps 8,878 26.5 +0.1
Liberal Dudley Ward 8,830 26.4 +3.0
Unionist Kenneth Balfour 7,874 23.6 +2.1
Conservative C.T. Giles 7,841 23.5 +2.8
Majority 956 2.8 +0.9
Turnout 83.5 +3.4
Registered electors 20,205
Liberal hold
Liberal hold
General Election December 1910: Southampton[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Ivor Philipps 8,496 26.5 -
Liberal Dudley Ward 8,449 26.4 -
Unionist Kenneth Balfour 7,551 23.6 -
Unionist George Armstrong 7,535 23.5 -
Majority 898 2.8 -
Turnout 80.0 −3.5
Registered electors 20,205
Liberal hold
Liberal hold
By-election, 1917: Southampton[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Dudley Ward Unopposed
Liberal hold
Ivor Philipps
General Election December 1918: Southampton[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Coalition Liberal Ivor Philipps 26,884 36.4 +9.9
Coalition Liberal Dudley Ward 16,843 22.8 −3.6
Unionist Edwin King Perkins 15,548 21.0 −2.6
Labour Tommy Lewis 7,828 10.6 N/A
Labour Frederick Perriman 6,776 9.2 N/A
Majority 1,295 1.8 −1.0
Turnout 49.0 −31.0
Registered electors 75,334
Coalition Liberal hold
Coalition Liberal hold

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election December 1922: Southampton[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Edwin King Perkins 22,054 23.9 +2.9
Unionist Allen Bathurst 20,351 22.0 N/A
Labour Tommy Lewis 14,868 16.1 +5.5
Health E.H.M. Stancomb 14,193 15.4 N/A
National Liberal Ivor Philipps 11,576 12.5 −21.9
National Liberal Dudley Ward 9,318 10.1 −12.7
Majority 5,483 5.9 N/A
Turnout 61.3 +12.3
Registered electors 75,316
Unionist gain from Liberal
Unionist gain from Liberal
General Election 1923: Southampton (2 seats) [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Allen Bathurst 20,453 20.0 −2.0
Unionist Edwin Perkins 20,249 19.8 −4.1
Labour Tommy Lewis 17,208 16.9 +0.8
Labour Reginald Sorenson 16,679 16.4 N/A
Liberal Francis Jefferies Spranger 13,724 13.5 +1.0
Liberal Neville Dixey 13,657 13.4 +3.3
Majority 3,041 2.9 −3.0
Turnout 66.4 +5.1
Registered electors 76,833
Unionist hold
Unionist hold
General Election 1924: Southampton (2 seats) [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Allen Bathurst 30,703 29.3 +9.3
Unionist Edwin Perkins 30,201 28.8 +9.0
Labour Tommy Lewis 22,183 21.1 +4.2
Labour Reginald Sorenson 21,768 20.8 +4.4
Majority 8,018 7.7 +4.8
Turnout 66.6 +0.2
Registered electors 78,776
Unionist hold
Unionist hold
General Election 1929: Southampton (2 seats) [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tommy Lewis 32,249 22.4 +1.3
Labour Ralph Morley 31,252 21.7 +0.9
Unionist Ian Maitland 27,898 19.4 −9.9
Unionist Alec Cunningham-Reid 26,801 18.6 −10.2
Liberal John Howard Whitehouse 12,966 9.0 N/A
Liberal Arthur Thomas Lamsley 12,836 8.9 N/A
Majority 3,354 2.3 N/A
Turnout 69.5 +2.9
Registered electors 103,653
Labour gain from Unionist
Labour gain from Unionist

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Southampton (2 seats) [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National William Craven-Ellis 54,699 33.9 +14.5
Liberal National Charles Barrie 54,269 33.6 N/A
Labour Tommy Lewis 26,425 16.4 −6.0
Labour Ralph Morley 26,061 16.1 −5.6
Majority 28,274 17.5 N/A
Majority 27,844 17.2 N/A
Turnout 75.2 +5.7
Registered electors 107,376
National gain from Labour
Liberal National gain from Labour
General Election 1935: Southampton (2 seats) [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National William Craven-Ellis 44,896 30.0 −3.9
Liberal National Charles Barrie 43,697 29.3 −4.3
Labour Tommy Lewis 30,751 20.6 +4.2
Labour Ralph Morley 30,028 20.1 +5.0
Majority 14,145 9.4 −8.1
Majority 12,946 8.7 −8.5
Turnout 67.9 −7.3
Registered electors 110,047
National hold
Liberal National hold

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

By-election, February 1940: Southampton (2 seats) [11][note 2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National John Reith Unopposed
National gain from Liberal National
By-election, November 1940: Southampton (2 seats) [11][note 3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National William Thomas Unopposed
Liberal National gain from National
General Election 1945: Southampton (2 seats) [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ralph Morley 37,556 28.8 +8.7
Labour Tommy Lewis 37,054 28.4 +7.8
National William Craven-Ellis 24,367 18.7 −11.3
Liberal National William Thomas 22,650 17.3 −12.0
Liberal R. Fulljames 8,878 6.8 N/A
Majority 12,687 9.7 N/A
Turnout 68.0 +0.1
Registered electors 95,898
Labour gain from National
Labour gain from Liberal National

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Wiffen, J. H. Historical Memorials of the House of Russell, 1883, vol.1, pp.127–131
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  5. ^ a b 1832: a petition was lodged against the election of Barlow-Hoy, and his election was declared void. After scrutiny of the votes, Penleaze was declared elected in 1833
  6. ^ a b A petition was lodged against the result of the 1841 election, and the election of both members was declared void. A by-election was held on 9 August 1842
  7. ^ Cave, Edward (1843-01-01). Gentleman's Magazine, and Historical Chronicle. Edward Cave. p. 547. 
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1832-1885 (Craig)
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 189. ISBN 9781349022984. 
  10. ^ David Marquand, Ramsay MacDonald, (London: Richard Cohen Books), 1977, p. 38.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Craig, F.W.S., ed. (1969). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949. Glasgow: Political Reference Publications. p. 243. ISBN 0-900178-01-9. 

Notes

  1. ^ Tankerville Chamberlayne was unseated on petition
  2. ^ Held due to Charles Barrie's resignation
  3. ^ Held due to John Reith's elevation to the House of Lords

Sources[edit]