Southampton Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Southampton Airport
SouthamptonAirportLogo.svg
Southampton Airport Control Tower - geograph.org.uk - 28103.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerAGS Airports
OperatorSouthampton International Airport Ltd.
ServesSouthampton, Portsmouth, Winchester, Salisbury, New Forest, Hampshire
LocationSouthampton, Hampshire, England[1]
Opened1932 (1932)
Hub forEastern Airways
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL44 ft / 13 m
Coordinates50°57′01″N 001°21′24″W / 50.95028°N 1.35667°W / 50.95028; -1.35667Coordinates: 50°57′01″N 001°21′24″W / 50.95028°N 1.35667°W / 50.95028; -1.35667
Websitesouthamptonairport.com
Map
EGHI is located in Hampshire
EGHI
EGHI
Location in Hampshire
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
02/20 1,723 5,653 Asphalt
Statistics (2019)
Passengers1,781,457
Passenger change 18–19Decrease10.5%
Aircraft movements36,473
Movements change 18–19Decrease8.0%
Source: United Kingdom AIP[1]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]

Southampton Airport (IATA: SOU, ICAO: EGHI) is an international airport located in both Southampton and Eastleigh, Hampshire in the United Kingdom. The airport, is located on the border between the two councils, but most of the airport is in the borough of Eastleigh. The airport is located 3.5 nautical miles (6.5 km; 4.0 mi) north-north-east of central Southampton.[1]

The airport handled nearly two million passengers during 2016, an 8.8% increase compared with 2015,[2] making it the 18th busiest airport in the UK. Southampton Airport has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence (Number P690) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction. The airport is owned and operated by AGS Airports which also owns and operates Aberdeen and Glasgow Airports. It was previously owned and operated by Heathrow Airport Holdings (formerly known as BAA).[3]

Up to March 2020, 95% of the flights from Southampton were operated by Flybe. However, the airline went into administration on 5 March 2020 with all flights cancelled.[4]

History[edit]

Aviation began at the site in 1910 when pioneer pilot Edwin Rowland Moon used the meadows belonging to North Stoneham Farm as a take-off and landing spot for his monoplane, Moonbeam Mk II.[5]

World War I[edit]

During World War I, when forces from the United States Navy arrived in 1917, work on the building of hangars began. At the peak of the American presence, some 4,000 officers and men were billeted in tents and huts along the adjacent London to Southampton railway line.

Inter-War years[edit]

After the war, the site became a transit camp for refugees, mainly Russian, who wished to sail to America from the port of Southampton. Shipping companies Cunard and White Star Line (the Oceanic Steam Navigation Company), together with the Canadian Pacific Railway, formed the Atlantic Park Hostel Company to house them temporarily. In 1921 the hangars were converted into dormitories, kitchens and dining rooms.[citation needed]

The hostel was intended as a short-term clearing house for those trans-migrants changing ships, but following changes to United States immigration law which restricted entry under national origins quotas, some residents were forced to stay much longer. In 1924 about 980 Ukrainian Jewish would-be emigrants were cared for at the hostel. Some of them were still there seven years later, stranded between the US and UK which would not accept them, and unable to return to the countries they had fled. Atlantic Park had a school, library, and synagogue; the refugees formed football teams that played local sides and took part in local events, such as Eastleigh carnival. At the height of its use 20,000 passed through Atlantic Park in 1928 but then numbers started to fall away, leading to the closure of the hostel in 1931.[citation needed]

In 1932, Southampton Corporation purchased the site and it became Southampton Municipal Airport. By 1935, part of the site was being used by the RAF and was briefly known as RAF Eastleigh before it became RAF Southampton in 1936. Also in 1936, Supermarine opened a test flight facility on the site, soon followed by the opening of the Cunliffe-Owen Aircraft factory at the southern end of the runway.

World War II[edit]

The first test flight of the Supermarine Spitfire took place at the airport on 5 March 1936, an event commemorated in 2004 by the erection of a two-thirds size sculpture of K5054, the prototype Spitfire, at the road entrance. On 5 March 2006, five restored Spitfires took off from Southampton Airport to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the first test flight of the Spitfire. The local council wanted to rename the airport after R. J. Mitchell, designer of the Spitfire. However, the airport owner at the time, Heathrow Airport Holdings, did not agree.[6][7]

The military site was transferred to naval command in 1939 and renamed HMS Raven, and spent most of the war in a ground and air training role for the Royal Navy.[8] It passed back into civilian ownership in April 1946.

Development after World War II[edit]

The Cierva Autogiro Company rented portions of the Cunliffe-Owen plants from 1946, but had to move to another location on the field when it was acquired by Briggs. In 1951 Saunders-Roe took over the interests of Cierva Autogyro and built a rotor testing building on the eastern side of the airfield, which is now derelict. They continued operations on the field until about 1960.

During the 1950s, a mainstay of business for the airport was the cross-channel car ferry service operated by Silver City Airways using Bristol Freighters and Superfreighters.

In 1959, Southampton (Eastleigh) Airport was purchased by racing pilot J.N. 'Nat' Somers, who laid the foundation for the regional airport that exists today by building the concrete runway in 1963 and negotiating with British Rail to build Southampton Airport Parkway railway station next to the airport. Somers also worked with the Department of Transport to plan for the new M27 motorway to pass through the airport just south of the runway and north of Ford's plant, at the same time installing a major roundabout outside the airport. This forward-thinking programme encouraged most of the airlines at Bournemouth Hurn to move to Southampton in the mid-1960s. In 1988 Somers' company sold the airport to Peter de Savary, who a few years later sold it to the owners of London Heathrow.

In 1993, construction of a new terminal began after an investment of £27 million by Heathrow Airport Holdings. It was completed in 1994 and opened by Prince Andrew, the Duke of York.

21st century[edit]

Southampton Airport has one main ground handler, Swissport (Servisair), who took over from Aviance. They handle all passenger services and ramp operations for all airlines except for Aurigny Air Services who operate their own ground handling.

In 2003, the airport reached 1 million passengers.

In 2010, the airport arranged a series of events to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the first flight at the airport.[9] In 2012, the Olympic flame visited the airport as part of the torch relay for the 2012 Olympics, in London. In October 2014, Heathrow Airport Holdings reached an agreement to sell the airport, together with those at Glasgow and Aberdeen, for £1 billion to AGS Airports, a consortium of Ferrovial and Macquarie Group.[10]

In 2016 the airport won the Airport of the Year award of the European Regional Airlines Association, having demonstrated extraordinary involvement with the local community and reducing its carbon footprint, whilst growing and expanding in a highly competitive market.[11] In March of the same year, Aer Lingus Regional announced it would fly from Southampton to Cork Airport with an ATR 72, operated by Stobart Air. In 2017, the airport reached 2 million passengers. In 2019 Southampton was ranked third of 30 airports in the UK for customer satisfaction by Which? magazine, with a score of 77%.[12] In May, Aer Lingus cancelled its flight to Cork Airport. On June the 5th, Air Force One touched down in Southampton carrying then president, Donald Trump. He then travelled to Portsmouth to mark the 75th anniversary of D-Day. The Boeing 757 was the biggest jet ever to visit Southampton.

When Flybe collapsed, the airport lost 95% of its routes. Over the next 12 months, multiple airlines would restart both old Flybe routes and some new routes.

Operations[edit]

Apron at Southampton Airport

Terminal[edit]

Southampton Airport has one terminal which has 12 stands. None of the stands are equipped with jet bridges. Inside the terminal, there are 19 check-ins, 11 of which are automated. Facilties include coffee shops, bars, stationers, a duty-free shop and an upstairs lounge. There are eight car rental companies based in the multi-storey just outside the airport.

Airfield[edit]

Southampton has one asphalt runway. Historically, there were three runways: one following the current one, one intersecting the current runway at 90 degrees at the north side of the airfield, and one which crossed through the middle of the current runway. It is clearly visible where the northern runway was: it is why there is a panhandle at the north east of the airfield. All these runways were grass. The only remaining runway is 02/20 which is 1723 metres long and 37 metres wide. Only runway 20 has an Instrument Landing System. 02 has VOR/DME and NDB. Visual approach is allowed on both 02 and 20. The airport must close from 23:00 to 06:00, but can operate 10 flights monthly between those times. Helicopters are heavily restricted.

In September 2018, the airport announced plans to extend its runway north by 170m to allow it to support larger aircraft which would enable longer routes. The airport stated aims to increase passenger numbers from 2 million to 5 million by 2037.[13] The managing director for Southampton Airport claimed that if the runway extension is not approved, the airport may have to close in 2021.[14] Southampton City Council and environmental campaigners have objected to the plans due to noise and global warming concerns.[15] In a meeting in March, councillors voted against the plans, however a decision on whether to proceed was pushed back to April.[16]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter services to and from Southampton:[17]

AirlinesDestinations
Aurigny Alderney, Guernsey
Blue Islands Dublin (begins 7 June 2021),[18] Guernsey, Jersey, Manchester (begins 7 June 2021)[18]
British Airways[19] Seasonal: Alicante (begins 26 June 2021),[20] Bergerac (begins 29 May 2021), Berlin (begins 27 June 2021), Edinburgh (begins 27 June 2021), Faro (begins 29 May 2021), Florence (begins 26 June 2021), Ibiza (begins 29 May 2021), Limoges (begins 26 June 2021), Málaga (begins 29 May 2021), Mykonos (begins 30 May 2021), Nice (begins 26 June 2021),[21] Palma de Mallorca (begins 29 May 2021)
Eastern Airways Belfast–City, Dublin (begins 27 May 2021),[22] Gibraltar (begins 24 May 2021),[23] Leeds/Bradford,[22] Manchester, Nantes (begins 25 June 2021),[24] Rennes (begins 24 June 2021),[24] Teesside[25]
easyJet Seasonal: Geneva
KLM Amsterdam
Loganair Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Isle of Man (begins 22 June 2021),[26] Newcastle upon Tyne
TUI Airways Seasonal charter: Palma de Mallorca (resumes 19 June 2021)[27]

Statistics[edit]

Passenger numbers[edit]

Southampton Airport Passenger Totals 2001–2018 (thousands)
Updated: 21 June 2020.[2]
Number of Passengers Aircraft movements Cargo
(tonnes)
2001 857,670 48,204 332
2002 789,325 46,767 382
2003 1,218,634 51,423 322
2004 1,530,776 54,484 272
2005 1,835,784 58,045 204
2006 1,912,979 55,786 195
2007 1,965,686 54,183 297
2008 1,945,993 50,689 264
2009 1,789,901 45,502 209
2010 1,733,690 45,350 116
2011 1,762,076 45,700 132
2012 1,694,120 43,284 359
2013 1,722,758 40,501 133
2014 1,831,732 40,374 133
2015 1,789,470 39,379 185
2016 1,947,052 42,824 173
2017 2,069,910 39,285 200
2018 1,991,014 39,651 233
2019 1,781,457 36,473 203
Source: CAA Official Statistics[2]

Busiest routes[edit]

Many of the busiest routes in 2019 were flown by Flybe, who ceased flying in March 2020

Two-thirds scale model Supermarine Spitfire prototype K5054 at Southampton Airport
Busiest routes to and from Southampton (2019)[28]
Rank Airport Total
passengers
Change
2018–19
Carrier(s)
1 United Kingdom Manchester 198,050 Decrease 10.3% Eastern Airways, Blue Islands
2 United Kingdom Edinburgh 182,716 Decrease 0.3% Loganair, British Airways
3 Netherlands Amsterdam 178,051 Decrease 23.8% KLM
4 United Kingdom Glasgow 170,559 Decrease 8.5% Loganair
5 Jersey Jersey 161,097 Decrease 4.9% Blue Islands
6 Guernsey Guernsey 147,855 Increase 23.7% Aurigny, Blue Islands
7 Republic of Ireland Dublin 130,714 Decrease 15.6% Eastern Airways, Blue Islands
8 United Kingdom Belfast–City 117,406 Decrease 8.4% Eastern Airways
9 United Kingdom Newcastle 112,956 Decrease 3.1% Loganair
10 France Paris–Charles de Gaulle 76,925 Decrease 1.3% No Operator
11 France Bergerac 32,926 Decrease 12.8% British Airways
12 Spain Alicante 31,998 Decrease 17.2% British Airways
13 United Kingdom Leeds Bradford 26,930 Decrease 21.6% Eastern Airways
14 Germany Düsseldorf 24,716 Decrease 19.9% No Operator
15 Alderney Alderney 23,975 Increase 1.7% Aurigny
16 Spain Palma de Mallorca 22,166 Decrease 2.6% TUI (Volotea), British Airways
17 Spain Málaga 21,823 Decrease 17.6% British Airways
18 Switzerland Geneva 16,578 Decrease 17.0% Easyjet
19 Portugal Faro 15,519 Decrease 19.9% British Airways
20 France Nantes 13,117 Decrease 14.3% Eastern Airways
21 France La Rochelle 9,537 Decrease 12% No Operator
22 France Rennes 9,372 Decrease 25% Eastern Airways
23 France Chambéry 8,079 Decrease 12% No Operator
24 France Limoges 7,366 Decrease 41% British Airways
25 France Bordeaux 6,432 Decrease 38% No Operator

Ground transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

Southampton Airport has a dedicated mainline railway station, Southampton Airport Parkway. It is on the South Western Main Line from London Waterloo (66 minutes away) to Winchester (15 minutes away), Southampton (city centre about 7 minutes away), Bournemouth, Poole, Dorchester and Weymouth, with a fast and frequent service to those places. The station is a 60-second walk from the terminal, one of the closest airport links in Europe.

Bus[edit]

Unilink buses run to Southampton city centre every 10–15 minutes throughout the day and take about 45 minutes; taxis are available outside Arrivals.[29] Xelabus also runs services to Eastleigh and Hedge End.

Motorway[edit]

The airport is near the junction between the M3 motorway and M27 motorway, giving easy road access to Southampton, Winchester, Bournemouth, Poole, Portsmouth and places between.

Bicycle[edit]

Southampton Airport has designated parking and storage for bicycles. Southampton cycle route 7 is proposed to run just outside the airport, giving it a direct cycle path to the city centre. National Cycle Route 23 also runs outside the airport, running between Southampton and Reading via Basingstoke, Alresford, Winchester and Eastleigh.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 10 June 1990, British Airways Flight 5390 suffered an explosive decompression while flying from Birmingham to Málaga, Spain. With captain Tim Lancaster sucked halfway out of the cockpit, co-pilot Alastair Atchison managed to land the plane safely at Southampton with no fatalities. This accident appeared on the National Geographic television programme Air Crash Investigation (known as Mayday in some countries).[30]
  • On 27 November 1992 Lockheed JetStar N6NE was substantially damaged after running off the end of the runway. No injuries sustained by the seven persons on board (crew of two plus five passengers). According to the following extract from the official AAIB report into the accident:

"During the final stage of an ILS approach to Runway 20 at Southampton, the aircraft reportedly encountered wind shear and the pilot increased power to compensate for a 10 knot loss of airspeed. The aircraft subsequently touched down some 500 feet along the runway. During the landing roll, maximum braking was used but this appeared to be ineffective and the crew suspected that the aircraft was aquaplaning. Reverse thrust was activated, but the crew received no indication that it had deployed correctly, and assumed that it had not. The aircraft was not stopped before the end of the runway and it overran by some 75 metres onto the grass. The accident happened in daylight (16:16 Local Time) but in poor weather with low cloud and rain, wind 150 degrees at 11 knots. Runway 20 at Southampton has a landing distance of 1605 metres, and a concrete surface. The runway was wet. The aircraft was operating a flight from Istanbul." Damage sustained to airframe: Per the AAIB report "Not reported". However, the aircraft was withdrawn from use and handed over to the fire crews at Southampton Airport for use as a training aid. It has not been burnt, but has been chopped into three pieces by the fire crew's axes, and was described on 23 March 2010 as being in a "poor state"

  • On 26 May 1993, a Cessna 550 Citation II landed with a tailwind of 15 kn (28 km/h; 17 mph), while the operating manual recommended a maximum safe tailwind of 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph); this resulted in a landing distance requirement greater than that available at the airport. The plane overran the runway through the airport perimeter fence and onto the M27 motorway where it collided with two cars and caught fire. The two flight crew sustained minor whiplash injuries, and the three car occupants also sustained minor injuries. The aircraft was destroyed.[31]

Notes[edit]

  • The airport has a Southampton address,[32] but is located in both Eastleigh and Southampton. Administrative authority is divided between Southampton City Council and Eastleigh Borough Council.[33]
  • Volotea is still chartered by TUI. BA also provides flight on this route, and TUI also sell tickets for the BA flight. The BA flight wil be automatically selected though as it is cheaper. The BA flight also starts earlier in the year. TUI also charter Volotea also fly from Cork to Palma.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Southampton – EGHI". Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d "Aircraft and passenger traffic data from UK airports". UK Civil Aviation Authority. 3 March 2017. Archived from the original on 11 February 2017. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
  3. ^ "Who we are". Heathrow Airport Holdings. 2013. Archived from the original on 18 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  4. ^ "Flybe 'set to go into administration overnight and cease operations immediately'". ITV News. 4 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  5. ^ Mann, John Edgar (2002). Book of the Stonehams. Tiverton: Halsgrove. p. 25. ISBN 1-84114-213-1.
  6. ^ "Airport rename to honour Spitfire". Archived from the original on 23 April 2006. Retrieved 20 April 2006.
  7. ^ "Airport Spitfire rename supported". Archived from the original on 24 December 2006. Retrieved 21 April 2006.
  8. ^ "BAA Southampton Official Airport Website". Archived from the original on 21 August 2008.
  9. ^ "Centenary of flight". Hampshire County Council. 28 January 2010. Archived from the original on 21 October 2010. Retrieved 27 February 2010.
  10. ^ "Aberdeen, Glasgow and Southampton airports sold in £1bn deal". BBC News. 16 October 2014. Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
  11. ^ "Southampton Airport flying high after being awarded as the best in Europe". Daily Echo. 18 October 2016. Archived from the original on 20 October 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  12. ^ Smith, Oliver (9 September 2019). "Revealed: Britain's best and worst airports". The Telegraph. Retrieved 9 September 2019.
  13. ^ "Longer runway in Southampton Airport 20-year plan". BBC News. 19 September 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2021.
  14. ^ "Southampton Airport expansion: closure warning over runway plans". BBC News. 10 October 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2021.
  15. ^ "Southampton Airport expansion decision day confirmed". BBC News. 1 March 2021. Retrieved 14 March 2021.
  16. ^ Service, Local Democracy Reporting (29 March 2021). "'This is far from over' – Southampton Airport bosses will have to convince full council over runway extension plans after committee rejection". Advertiser and Times. Retrieved 31 March 2021.
  17. ^ southamptonairport.com - Flight Timetables retrieved 1 November 2020
  18. ^ a b https://www.blueislands.com/where-we-fly/new-routes/
  19. ^ https://mediacentre.britishairways.com/news/09122020/fly-to-europe-from-southampton-with-british-airways?ref=News
  20. ^ https://www.britishairways.com/travel/schedules/public/en_gb
  21. ^ BA delay launch of flights to 5 destination until end of June
  22. ^ a b https://t3-prodibe.avantik.io/B2C/
  23. ^ https://travelweekly.co.uk/news/air/eastern-airways-to-launch-gibraltar-flights
  24. ^ a b https://twitter.com/SeanM1997/status/1353789986085203968
  25. ^ https://www.easternairways.com/
  26. ^ https://www.loganair.co.uk/
  27. ^ https://www.tui.co.uk/
  28. ^ "Airport Data 2019". UK Civil Aviation Authority. 17 March 2020. Tables 12.1(XLS) and 12.2 (XLS). Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  29. ^ "Travel to Southampton city centre". Archived from the original on 20 November 2011. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
  30. ^ "BAC One-Eleven, G-BJRT: Main document" (PDF). 9 March 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 March 2005.
  31. ^ "Report on the accident to Cessna 550 Citation II, G-JETB at Southampton (Eastleigh) Airport on 26 May 1993". UK AAIB. Archived from the original on 22 October 2008. Retrieved 7 April 2008.
  32. ^ "SOUTHAMPTON INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT LIMITED". Companies House. Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  33. ^ "Southampton International Airport" (PDF). Southampton City Council. 28 January 2020. p. 2. Retrieved 23 March 2021. The majority of the airport site....falls within the administrative boundary of Eastleigh Borough Council. The southern part of the airport falls within the administrative boundary of Southampton

External links[edit]

Media related to Southampton Airport at Wikimedia Commons