Southampton Civic Centre
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It hosts the SeaCity Museum, council offices, the Guildhall venue, the well-endowed city art gallery, and the city library. It is a grade II* listed building. According to the rating system used by the Southampton City Council, this means that architecturally, it is of more than special interest from a conservation point of view.
Since the 1870s, there was debate in the council over the housing of the borough offices: all departments were currently scattered around the town, making co-ordination and timely response fairly difficult, with the old Audit House opposite Holy Rood Church now being totally inadequate.
The first serious attempt at constructing a civic centre to accommodate these scattered departments occurred in 1924. In a public meeting in the following year, however, the proposals, presented by former mayor and alderman Sidney Kimber, were met with objections over its location, size, and practicality.
As a result, an architectural competition was held and the then-president of the Royal Institute of British Architects, J A Gotch, selected H Austen-Hall as the competition assessor. The designs of architect Ernest Berry Webber were chosen, involving four blocks, erected as separate contracts, but interconnected to create a distinct building. The plans were estimated just within the £385,000 budget. In 1928, the necessary land was appropriated.
The first block to be opened was the south block, the municipal offices. This was opened by the Duke of York, and his wife, the Duchess of York, on 8 November 1932. Some of the material dug out during the construction of the south wing was used to fill in an old reservoir on Southampton Common as part of the process of converting it into a paddling pool.
The second block, opened on 3 November 1933 by Viscount Sankey, the Lord Chancellor, was the west block, the law courts and the police headquarters. The west block includes the clock tower, known at the time as Kimber's Chimney, after the former mayor. The clock tower was not part of the original design, but was added later. Before its construction, Kimber and Webber tied a balloon on the site at the proposed height, and made sure it was visible from various points in the city. Every four hours the first verse of the hymn O God, Our Help in Ages Past is played. In 2001 the law courts vacated the building to a larger complex, which incorporates some of the original Ordnance Survey buildings. Then in 2006 the Police announced they too would leave. In 2012 the SeaCity Museum moved into the refurbished West wing as well as into a modern pavilion extension.
The East wing hosts Southampton Guildhall. Work on the Guildhall (the east wing) began in March 1934. The Guildhall was intended as a social location for municipal functions. Prior to this, some municipal functions were held on ocean liners that were moored in Southampton docks, including Cunard's Olympic. The Guildhall was opened by Lord Derby on 13 February 1937, with 2000 people assembled in the main hall for the opening.
The North wing hosts Southampton City Art Gallery and Southampton Central Library. This began later than the others, and late alterations to the designs were required to incorporate a public library, that was not originally planned for. This was opened in 1939. The expansion of this wing led to an increase in costs for the project, but the budget increase was approved by Parliament.
- "Southampton City Council - Historic Environment Record Listed buildings in Southampton" (PDF). www.southampton.gov.uk. 20 October 2017.
- "Listed buildings". www.southampton.gov.uk. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
- Rance, Adrian (1986). Southampton. An Illustrated History. Milestone. p. 149. ISBN 0-903852-95-0.
- Thomson, Sheila D (1989). Southampton Common. City of Southampton Society. p. 29. OCLC 655858743.
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