Southampton General Hospital
|Southampton General Hospital|
|University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust|
The front of Southampton General Hospital, showing from left to right the North Wing, Centre Block, and West Wing
|Location||Southampton, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom|
|Care system||Public NHS|
|Hospital type||Teaching Hospital, Tertiary Specialist Centre, District General,|
|Affiliated university||University of Southampton|
|Emergency department||Yes, and Major Trauma Centre|
|Lists||Hospitals in England|
Southampton General Hospital is a large teaching hospital in Southampton, Hampshire, England run by University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust.
The hospital was founded in 1900 as the Southampton Union Infirmary in Shirley Warren, Southampton, to replace hospital beds previously provided at the workhouse infirmary in St Mary's, Southampton. The Royal South Hampshire Hospital was the voluntary hospital, founded in 1838 in the city. The initial 35-acre (14 ha) site cost the Poor Law Guardians £8,200, and the foundation stone was laid on 31 March 1900. The original building, housing 289 beds, cost £64,800 to construct; it has since been demolished.
Southampton Borough Council took responsibility for the hospital in 1929, expanding the number of beds to 431. At this stage, the hospital became known as the Borough Hospital. When the National Health Service came into being in 1948, the hospital took its present name.
The Wessex Neurological Unit opened on the site in 1965, and the East Wing was constructed in 1974, providing 450 additional beds, a new Accident and Emergency Department, and a children's unit. Three years later, the Centre Block was built, which still provides the main entrance to the hospital. The 7-level Centre Block cost over £9 million to construct.
In 1983, the £10 million West Wing was constructed, adding 472 beds to the hospital; this was followed a year later by installation of the Wessex Body Scanner at a cost of £1.5 million.
In 2005, a new cardiac centre was opened, having cost around £53 million to build. In addition to these buildings, the University of Southampton has a number of buildings on the site, which are used both for teaching and research. In particular, the hospital houses renowned centres of excellence in the treatment of cancer, heart disease, respiratory illness, neurological disease, gastro-intestinal conditions and illnesses affecting children. The hospital is fortunate to benefit from a high number of specialist consultants working in large multi-disciplinary teams and plays a leading role in the development of new and improved treatments for NHS patients.
The hospital has been upgraded to become an adult and paediatric Major Trauma Centre (MTC) under the new NHS plans for Regional Trauma Networks with Southampton General covering the whole Solent Area, Portsmouth, the rest of Hampshire, Dorset, Wiltshire and also the Isle of Wight. The nearest MTC to Southampton is Royal Sussex County Hospital in Brighton or Derriford Hospital in Plymouth. These MTCs only treat adults. The nearest adult and paediatric MTC is St. George's Hospital in London. A new helipad came into operation in 2012, and the whole Emergency Department has had a major refit to dramatically increase capacity and capabilities, with a separate children's Emergency Department also. The ambulance arrival area has been upgraded to allow more space for ambulance parking and a "pitstop" area has been built for ambulance crews to handover their patients to nursing staff, to reduce ambulance queuing times. There are six individual pitstop bays, with their own monitoring equipment and laptop to update patient notes electronically. There is a receptionist permanently based in the pitstop area to book patients into the emergency department, who have been brought in by ambulance. There are also more patient chairs to allow for ambulatory patients. There are dedicated "cardiac chairs" which are red in colour, to signify patients that have self presented at the main reception with chest pain and require urgent assessment.
It has one of a small number of Accident and Emergency departments to receive Pearson Lloyd’s redesign - ‘A Better A&E’ - which reduced aggression against hospital staff by 50 per cent. A system of environmental signage provides location-specific information for patients. Screens provide live information about how many cases are being handled and the current status of the A&E department.
The Steve Mills Stem Cell Laboratory
In September 2006 the Steve Mills Stem Cell Laboratory, which had been established by a charity created by Southampton F.C. footballer Steve Mills, moved from the Royal South Hampshire Hospital to a new location at Southampton General Hospital, and was officially opened on 27 September 2006 by Steve's widow Jo and former Southampton footballer and manager, Alan Ball.
- The Steve Mills Stem Cell Laboratory processes, stores and issues stem cell products for transplant.
- The processing of a patient's stem cell products takes around 3 hours to complete.
- Stem cell donations are processed as soon as they arrive at the laboratory because stem cells have a shelf life of just 24 hours.
- The laboratory reacts quickly to hospital requests and processes up to 12 stem cell donations a week.
- The laboratory processes stem cells for Southampton University Hospitals Trust, Royal Bournemouth Hospital, Poole Hospital, Salisbury District Hospital and Dorset County Hospital.
- In addition to processing, storing and issuing stem cell products, the laboratory undertakes critical research and development of new cancer therapies and treatments.
- Southampton General Hospital is a teaching hospital associated with the University of Southampton
- The hospital is home to not only the medical students but also PhD students and research academics and clinicians from both the University of Southampton School of Medicine and the School of Biological Sciences. Originally based in the South Academic Block this has been expanded to include several other buildings including the Somers Building (opened in 2008).
- There are 6 different departments of research at Southampton General Hospital:
- III (Infection, Inflammation and Immunity) – renamed from IIR (Infection, Inflammation and Repair) in 2009
- Cancer Sciences
- Clinical Neurosciences
- DoHAD (Developmental Origins of Health and Disease) – renamed from Foetal Origins of Disease
- Human Genetics
- Community Clinical Sciences
In August 2014, Brett and Naghemeh King took their 5-year-old son Ashya from the hospital, where he was being treated for medulloblastoma, without doctor's knowledge. Brett King claimed this was in order to avoid the proposed treatment of chemotherapy and photon beam radiation therapy which he feared would result in brain damage to Ashya. The family's preferred treatment was proton beam therapy which is currently unavailable in the United Kingdom except through an NHS overseas referral programme to fund treatment in America or Europe for specific indications. Although clinicians at Southampton felt proton beam therapy was not beneficial in this case, it was discussed with the Kings and referred to the Proton Clinical Reference Panel although medulloblastoma is not an approved diagnosis to qualify for the overseas programme.
The Kings were keen to arrange proton beam therapy at a hospital in Prague. When the parents asked what would happen if they refused any kind of treatment, they were told the hospital could seek an emergency protection order. When the child subsequently went missing the hospital informed the police and the CPS issued a warrant for the arrest of the parents. Once it was revealed that the child had left the country, extradition back to the UK was also sought. The family were eventually located in Spain, where the parents were arrested and child put in a high dependency ward in a hospital in Málaga. David Cameron, the prime minister, called for "an urgent outbreak of common sense".
Ashya began proton beam therapy at the Proton Therapy Centre in Prague on 15 September. In late September NHS England agreed to fund the cost of the proton therapy treatment. NHS England has been told by the European Court of Justice to fund treatment abroad in previous cases. In March 2015 the King family announced that the treatment appeared to have been successful and Ashya's most recent scan showed no sign of the tumour.
There was a Burger King outlet in the foyer of the hospital since 1997. In November 2014 the Trust announced that they would not be renewing its lease due to expire in 2016 - because it no longer fits with the “healthcare environment” it is trying to create in its main reception area. Hampshire GP Dr Hilary Jones approved and said that in the grip of an obesity problem in the UK, hospitals should be setting a good example to patients. However some patients started a petition against this decision on the basis that hospital food was "of a poor standard. Burger King seems to have a much higher quality of food that's cooked fresh and to order.” A hospital spokesman responded: "The trust, as with all NHS hospitals, is regularly assessed by a variety of independent bodies on all aspects of care, including the quality of patient food. In the most recent of these inspections, the trust scored highly on food quality (92%) according to panel members from the national patient-led assessment team and fully compliant with all of the Care Quality Commission's essential standards, which incorporate quality of food and drink." The fast food outlet was replaced by a Marks & Spencer shop and cafe and a Subway franchise as part of a £2.5m redevelopment which began in mid-2015.
The hospital was the location for the daytime TV fly-on-the-wall documentary series, The General and the ITV documentary series Trauma: Level One. The neighbouring Princess Anne Hospital was the setting of the first two series of Channel 4's One Born Every Minute.
- Brown, Jim. The Illustrated History of Southampton's Suburbs. Breedon. ISBN 1-85983-405-1.
- "Major Trauma Centres in England", "NHS", October 2016. Retrieved 8th February 2017.
- "A&E department redesign 'cuts aggression by half'". Design Week. 28 November 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
- "Ashya King: Southampton hospital staff 'receive abuse'". BBC News. 11 September 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
- Perry, Keith; Harley, Nicola; Malnick, Edward (3 September 2014). "Ashya King: Hospital wanted to kill our son, turn him into a vegetable, claims father". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- "NSCT Proton Overseas Programme". The Royal College of Radiologists. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
- Portsmouth City Council v King et al (High Court of Justice 8 September 2014). Text
- "Ashya King: Hospital denies blocking proton beam treatment". BBC News. 3 September 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- "Ashya King's parents fight extradition from Spain". BBC News. 1 September 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- Moore-Bridger, Benedict (2 September 2014). "David Cameron calls for 'common sense' as Ashya King's parents plan to sue". London Evening Standard. London. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- "Ashya King: Prague proton beam therapy begins". BBC News. 15 September 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
- Gregory, Andrew (26 September 2014). "Ashya King U-turn: Brain tumour patient's pioneering treatment WILL be funded by NHS". Daily Mirror. London. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
- "NHS told to fund treatment abroad". BBC News. 16 May 2006. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- Davies, Caroline (23 March 2015). "Ashya King's parents say he is cancer-free after proton therapy". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- Davies, Sian (22 November 2014). "Hospital chiefs reveal fast food chain's lease will not be renewed". Southern Daily Echo. Southampton. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- "Petition is launched to save Burger King in Southampton General Hospital from closing". Southern Daily Echo. Southampton. 24 November 2014. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- Curtis, Joe (7 December 2014). "Southampton General Hospital bosses have defended the food its contractors Medirest provide after it was criticised by locals". Southern Daily Echo. Southampton. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- Curtis, Joe (1 April 2015). "Marks & Spencer and Subway will be part of Southampton General Hospital after a £2.5million redevelopment". Southern Daily Echo. Southampton. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- "Southampton General Hospital reveals Burger King replacements". BBC News. 1 April 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
- "Trauma: Level One Episode 1". itv.com. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "One Born Every Minute: About the Show". Channel 4. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Southampton General Hospital.|
- University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust
- Clinical Research in Southampton
- Southampton Hospital Charity
- Southampton Hospital Radio
- University of Southampton School of Medicine
- Wessex Heartbeat