Southampton Itchen (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Southampton, Itchen in Hampshire.
Location of Hampshire within England.
|Electorate||74,513 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Royston Smith (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
The constituency is named after the River Itchen, which flows through it and is the lesser of the two major rivers that reach the tidal estuary of Southampton Water at the city. Although until the 1970s it was a safe Labour seat, it elected a Conservative MP, Christopher Chope in 1983 and 1987 after the sitting MP Bob Mitchell left Labour in 1981 for the SDP. The combination of Mitchell as a strong SDP-Liberal Alliance candidate in both 1983 and 1987, together with Conservative landslides, made Southampton Itchen highly competitive.
The former Labour MP, John Denham, narrowly defeated Chope by 551 votes in 1992 and held the seat with more substantial majorities until 2010 when he won by just 192 votes. These two election results with marginal majorities, with moderate third-party polling, indicate Southampton Itchen may be thought of as a two-party marginal seat.
Royston Smith unexpectedly regained the seat for the Conservative Party in 2015. He had previously led the Conservative group on the city council and had contested the seat in 2010.
1950-1983: The County Borough of Southampton wards of Bevois, Bitterne and Peartree, Bitterne and Sholing, Newtown, Northam, Portswood, St Denys, St Mary's, Trinity, and Woolston.
1983-1997: The City of Southampton wards of Bargate, Bitterne, Bitterne Park, Harefield, Peartree, St Luke's, and Sholing.
1997-present: The City of Southampton wards of Bargate, Bitterne, Bitterne Park, Harefield, Peartree, Sholing, and Woolston.
The seat covers the eastern part of the City of Southampton, in southern England, specifically the city centre, the eastern port areas (the Port of Southampton is one of the principal ports of the UK), the exclusive Ocean Village quarter, the inner city council estates and the economically-deprived Thornhill estate on its eastern boundary. It is seen as the more working class of the two constituencies in the city (the other is Southampton Test – named after the other major river).
Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 close to but slightly below than the national average of 3.8%, at 3.5% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian, above the average for the South East seats of 2.5% but below, for example, five seats in East Kent.
Members of Parliament
|1955||Dr Horace King||Labour|
|1971 by-election||Bob Mitchell||Labour|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: Southampton Itchen|
|Liberal Democrat||Eleanor Bell||1,595||3.6||-17.3|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||2.8|
|General Election 2010: Southampton Itchen|
|Liberal Democrat||David Goodall||9,256||20.8||+0.1|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Southampton Itchen|
|Liberal Democrat||David Goodall||9,162||21.2||+6.2|
|General Election 2001: Southampton Itchen|
|Liberal Democrat||Mark Cooper||6,195||15.0||+3.3|
|Socialist Alliance||Gavin Marsh||241||0.6|
|Socialist Labour||Michael Holmes||225||0.5|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Southampton Itchen|
|Liberal Democrat||David Harrison||6,289||11.7||−2.2|
|Socialist Labour||Kim Rose||628||1.2||N/A|
|Socialist Alternative||Gavin Marsh||113||0.2||N/A|
|Natural Law||Rosemary Barry||110||0.2||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Ferdi McDermott||99||0.2||N/A|
|General Election 1992:Southampton Itchen|
|Liberal Democrat||James R.T. Hodgson||7,221||13.0||−10.6|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.6|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Southampton Itchen|
|Social Democratic||Bob Mitchell||13,006||23.6|
|General Election 1983: Southampton Itchen|
|Social Democratic||Bob Mitchell||16,647||31.5|
|Conservative gain from Social Democratic||Swing|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Southampton Itchen|
|General Election October 1974: Southampton Itchen|
|Conservative||P. T. James||20,373||35.4|
|General Election February 1974: Southampton Itchen|
|Conservative||P. T. James||21,967||35.0|
|Southampton Itchen by-election, 1971|
|National Democratic||Edwin Bray||3,090||7.58|
|Labour gain from Speaker||Swing|
|General Election 1970: Southampton Itchen|
|National Democratic||Edwin Bray||9,581||21.9|
|Independent||Brian Henry Phillips||4,794||11.0|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966: Southampton Itchen|
|Independent||K. D. Hunt||5,217||14.6|
|General Election 1964: Southampton Itchen|
|Conservative||G. G. Olson||18,974||34.5|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Southampton Itchen|
|General Election 1955: Southampton Itchen|
|General Election 1951: Southampton Itchen|
|Liberal National||R.J. Stranger||25,708||45.88|
|General Election 1950: Southampton Itchen|
|Liberal National||Sir Robert Hampden Hobart||24,536||44.08||N/A|
|Independent Conservative||William Craven Craven-Ellis||1,380||2.48||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "I" [self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- [dead link]
- "BBC NEWS – Election 2015 – Southampton Itchen". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 7 January 2011.
- C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.150 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
- The 1997 election result is calculated relative to the notional, not the actual, 1992 result.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Cities of London and Westminster
|Constituency represented by the Speaker