Southeast Africa

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Lake Malawi in 1967

Southeast Africa[1][2] or Southeastern Africa[3][a] is an African region that is intermediate between East Africa[b] and Southern Africa.[c][8] It comprises the countries Botswana, Burundi, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi,[9] Mozambique,[10][11] Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda,[12] Zambia and Zimbabwe[13] in the mainland, with the island-nation of Madagascar also included.[10]

Demographics and languages[edit]

People include the San people.[3] The Swahili language is spoken here, both as an official language and lingua franca by millions of people.[14]

Geography[edit]

Lake Malawi[15][16] and Limpopo River[17] are located here.

History[edit]

It is considered that approximately 3,000 years ago, Bantu peoples arrived in this area from what is now Western or Central Africa.[10]

In the 19th and 20th centuries, David Livingstone[16] and Frederick Courtney Selous visited this area. The latter wrote down his experiences in the book Travel and Adventure in South-East Africa.[18]

Wildlife[edit]

Lion in Masai Mara, Kenya

Fauna[18] includes the cheetah, leopard, lion,[19] Nile crocodile, hyena, Lichtenstein's hartebeest and white rhinoceros.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Though this reference[4] includes Namibia, it was previously referred to as "Southwest Africa",[5] due to its location.
  2. ^ East Africa at least partially includes Northeast Africa.[6][7]
  3. ^ Southern Africa includes what was known as Southwest Africa.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Axworthy, Mary (2004). Sowell, Teri L., ed. Asking for Eyes: The Visual Voice of Southeast Africa. University Art Gallery, San Diego State University. ISBN 0937097012. 
  2. ^ Wieschhoff, H. A. (2013). The Zimbabwe-Monomotapa Culture in Southeast Africa. Literary Licensing L. L. C. ISBN 1494009935. 
  3. ^ a b Schlebusch, C. M.; Prins, F.; Lombard, M.; Jakobsson, M.; Soodyall, H. "The disappearing San of southeastern Africa and their genetic affinities". National Center for Biotechnology Information. doi:10.1007/s00439-016-1729-8. PMC 5065584Freely accessible. PMID 27651137. 
  4. ^ "Southeastern Africa: South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, and Malawi", World Wildlife Fund, retrieved 2018-04-30 
  5. ^ a b Turok, Ben (1990). Witness from the frontline: aggression and resistance in Southern Africa. Institute for African Alternatives. p. 86. ISBN 187042512X. 
  6. ^ Jama, Abdillahi H. (2002). "11". Values in Islamic culture and the experience of history. pp. 303 – 322. ISBN 1135434166. 
  7. ^ Bechaus-Gerst, Marianne; Blench, Roger (2014). "11". In Kevin MacDonald. The Origins and Development of African Livestock: Archaeology, Genetics, Linguistics and Ethnography - "Linguistic evidence for the prehistory of livestock in Sudan" (2000). Routledge. p. 453. Retrieved 15 September 2014. 
  8. ^ Klopper, S., Conru, K., and Nel, K. (2002). The Art of Southeast Africa: From the Conru Collection. Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 8874390017. 
  9. ^ "Malawi", Merriam-Webster, retrieved 2018-04-29 
  10. ^ a b c "Bantu Ethnicity in South East Africa: From Kenya to the Southern Tip of Africa". Ancestry.com. Retrieved 2018-04-29. 
  11. ^ "Mozambique", Merriam-Webster, retrieved 2018-04-29 
  12. ^ "Tracing African Roots: Exploring the Ethnic Origins of the Afro-Diaspora". Tracing African Roots. Retrieved 2018-04-29. 
  13. ^ Fry, Kathie. "Southeast African Countries". Do It In Africa. Retrieved 2018-04-19. 
  14. ^ Irele 2010
  15. ^ "Freshwater Fish Species in Lake Malawi (Nyasa) [Southeast Africa]". Fishbase.org. Mongabay. 2001-11-15. Retrieved 2016-12-09. 
  16. ^ a b Douglas, John (Summer 1998). "Malawi: The Lake of Stars". Travel Africa (4). Archived from the original on 2009-01-14. Retrieved 22 August 2008. 
  17. ^ "Limpopo River", Encyclopædia Britannica, retrieved 2018-04-29 
  18. ^ a b Selous, F. C. (2011). "XXV". Travel and Adventure in South-East Africa. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 445. ISBN 1108031161. 
  19. ^ Jackson, D. (2010). "Introduction". Lion. London: Reaktion Books. pp. 1–21. ISBN 1861897359. 

External links[edit]