Southeast Asian Games

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Southeast Asian Games
SEA Games Logo.png
The Southeast Asian Games Federation logo and flag.
Abbreviation SEA Games
First event 1959 SEAP Games in Bangkok, Thailand
Occur every 2 years
Last event 2015 SEA Games in Kallang, Singapore
Purpose Multi sport event for nations on the Southeast Asian continent
Headquarters Bangkok, Thailand
President Charouck Arirachakaran
Website www.seagfoffice.org

The Southeast Asian Games (also known as the SEA Games), is a biennial multi-sport event involving participants from the current 11 countries of Southeast Asia. The games is under regulation of the Southeast Asian Games Federation with supervision by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the Olympic Council of Asia.

History[edit]

The Southeast Asian Games owes its origins to the South East Asian Peninsula Games or SEAP Games. On 22 May 1958, delegates from the countries in Southeast Asian Peninsula attending the Asian Games in Tokyo, Japan had a meeting and agreed to establish a sport organisation. The SEAP Games was conceptualised by Luang Sukhum Nayaoradit, then Vice-President of the Thailand Olympic Committee. The proposed rationale was that a regional sports event will help promote co-operation, understanding and relations among countries in the Southeast Asian region.

Thailand, Burma (now Myanmar), Malaya (now Malaysia), Laos, South Vietnam and Cambodia (with Singapore included thereafter) were the founding members. These countries agreed to hold the Games biennially. The SEAP Games Federation Committee was formed.

The first SEAP Games were held in Bangkok from 12–17 December 1959 comprising more than 527 athletes and officials from Thailand, Burma, Malaya (now Malaysia), Singapore, South Vietnam and Laos participating in 12 sports.

At the 8th SEAP Games in 1975, the SEAP Federation considered the inclusion of Brunei, Indonesia and the Philippines. These countries were formally admitted in 1977, the same year when SEAP Federation changed their name to Southeast Asian Games Federation (SEAGF), and the games were known as the Southeast Asian Games. East Timor was admitted at the 22nd Southeast Asian Games in Vietnam.

The 2009 Southeast Asian Games was the first time Laos has ever hosted a Southeast Asian Games (Laos had previously declined hosting the 1965 Southeast Asian Peninsular Games citing financial difficulties). Running from 9–18 December, it has also commemorated the 50 years of the Southeast Asian Games, held in Vientiane, Laos.

The most recent SEA Games was the 2015 SEA Games held in Singapore. The next SEA Games, the 2017 SEA Games will be held in Malaysia while the 2019 SEA Games will be held in Philippines. Of the participating nations, Cambodia and East Timor have yet to host the SEA Games.

Participating countries[edit]

Nation / IOC Designation Debuted IOC-Code Notes
 Brunei (IOC designation: Brunei Darussalam)
1977
BRU
 Cambodia
1959
CAM
 Indonesia
1977
INA
IHO 1952
FIFA-code IDN
 Laos (IOC designation: Lao People's Democratic Republic)
1959
LAO
 Malaysia
1959
MAS
 Myanmar
1959
MYA
BIR 1948–1992
 Philippines
1977
PHI
ISO PHL
 Singapore
1959
SIN
 Thailand
1959
THA
 Timor-Leste
2003
TLS
IOA 2000
 Vietnam (IOC designation: Viet Nam)
1959
VIE

Sports[edit]

Below was the list of the types of sports played in the SEAGF from 1959. The bullet mark () indicates that the sport was played in the respective year.

Sport 59 61 65 67 69 71 73 75 77 79 81 83 85 87 89 91 93 95 97 99 01 03 05 07 09 11 13 15
Aquatics
Archery
Arnis2
Athletics
Badminton
Baseball
Basketball
Billiards and Snooker1
Bodybuilding1
Bowling1
Boxing
Bridge
Canoe/Kayak
Chess1
Chinlone2
Cycling
Dancesport3
Equestrian
Fencing
Finswimming1
Football
Futsal1
Golfo
Gymnastics
Handball
Hockey
Judo
Karate1
Kenpō
Lawn bowls3
Muay2
Netballe
Paragliding
Pencak Silat2
Pétanque2
Polo1
Rowing
Roller Sport
Rugby union/Rugby 7's
Sailing
Sepak Takraw1
Shooting
Synchronised swimming
Shuttle cock2
Softball
Soft Tennis1
Squash1
Table tennis
Taekwondo
Tennis
Traditional boat race1
Triathlon
Volleyball4
Vovinam
Wall climbing
Waterskio
Weightlifting
Wrestling
Wushu1
Total events 12 13 12 16 15 15 16 18 18 18 18 18 22 26 26 27 27 30 34 17 33 29 40 43 25 41 35 36
  • 1 – not an official Olympic Sport.
  • 2 – sport played only in the SEAGF.
  • 3 – not a traditional Olympic nor SEAGF Sport and introduced only by the host country.
  • 4 – Beach volleyball was introduced in 1993.
  • o – a former official Olympic Sport, not applied in previous host countries and was introduced only by the host country.
  • h – sport not played in the previous edition and was reintroduced by the host country.
  • e – Netball was first included in 2001.[1]

Medal count[edit]

Combined totals
Country 1st Gold 2nd Silver 3rd Bronze Total
 Thailand
2089
1742
1727
5558
 Indonesia
1714
1558
1580
4852
 Malaysia1
1109
1120
1533
3762
 Philippines
894
1041
1295
3230
 Singapore
828
881
1189
2898
 Vietnam4
772
729
829
2330
 Myanmar5
546
697
906
2149
 Laos
66
87
267
420
 Cambodia3
47
88
192
327
 Brunei
11
41
132
184
 Timor-Leste
3
5
18
26
  • 1 – Competed as Malaya in the inaugural games until 1961.
  • 2 – The Republic of Vietnam was dissolved in July 1976 when it merged with the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) to become the Socialist Republic of Vietnam also known as Vietnam. Therefore, the medal counts for this country are considered to be as until 1975. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) is not using codes for South Vietnam any more after unifying with North Vietnam.
  • 3 – Competed as Cambodia, Kampuchea, and Khmer Republic.
  • 4 – In the 1989 edition, a unified Vietnam rejoined the games with new name and new flag. Medals made by South Vietnam are already combined here. See table tally above for South Vietnam.
  • 5 – Competed as Burma until 1987.

Gold medal ranking tally[edit]

Host nations and cities[edit]

Since the Southeast Asian Games began in 1959, it has been held in 15 different cities across all Southeast Asian countries except Cambodia and Timor Leste.

Location of the Southeast Asian Games host

Criticism[edit]

The games is unique in that there are no official limits to the number of sports which may be contested, and the range may be decided by the organising host pending approval by the Southeast Asian Games Federation. Albeit for some core sports which must be featured, the host is also free to drop or introduce other sports.

This leeway has resulted in hosts maximising their medal hauls by dropping sports which are disadvantages to themselves relative to their peers, and the introduction of obscure sports, often at short notice, thus preventing most other nations from building up credible opponents. Some examples of these include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]