Southeast Sulawesi

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Southeast Sulawesi
Sulawesi Tenggara
Wakatobi National Park
Official seal of Southeast Sulawesi

Location of Southeast Sulawesi in Indonesia
Coordinates: 3°57′00″S 122°30′00″E / 3.95000°S 122.50000°E / -3.95000; 122.50000Coordinates: 3°57′00″S 122°30′00″E / 3.95000°S 122.50000°E / -3.95000; 122.50000
Country  Indonesia
Capital Lambang Kota Kendari.png Kendari
 • Governor Nur Alam (PAN)
 • Vice Governor Saleh Lasata
 • Total 38,140 km2 (14,730 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 2,417,962
 • Density 63/km2 (160/sq mi)
 • Ethnic groups Buton (23%), Bugis (19%), Tolaki (16%), Muna (15%)
 • Religion Islam (96.2%), Christian (2.3%), Hinduism (1.1%), Buddhism (0.4%)
 • Languages Indonesian, Buton, Bugis
Time zone CIT (UTC+08)
Vehicle registration DT
HDI Decrease 0.680 (Medium)
HDI rank 19th (2014)

Southeast Sulawesi (Indonesian: Sulawesi Tenggara, abbreviation: Sultra) is a province on the Sulawesi, forming the southeastern peninsula of that island, together with a number of large offshore islands such as Buton, Muna, Kabaena and Wawonii, with smaller islands. The capital is Kendari, on the east coast of the peninsula.

The province has no highway road connecting to the rest of the island, and the primary transportation link is a ferry across the Bone Gulf between Watampone (Bone) in South Sulawesi and the port of Kolaka in Southeast Sulawesi.


From the seventeenth century until the early twentieth century, the region was the site of the Buton sultanate (Butung).[citation needed]


The two major mountain ranges in Southeast Sulawesi are the Tanggeasinua Range and the Mekongga Range.[1] The major rivers are the Lalinda, the Lasolo, and the Sampara.[1][2]


The unrevised population of the province was 1,771,951 in the Indonesia 2000 census, increasing to 2,230,569 for the 2010 decennial censuscomprising 1,120,225 males, and 1,110,344 females. Kolaka, Muna and Konawe Selatan were the 3 most populous regencies. The latest official estimate (for January 2014) is 2,417,962.Islam is predominant religion (96,2%).

Most of the population is centered on Buton and Muna islands off the south coast of Sulawesi, and in and around Kendari.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1971 714,120 —    
1980 942,302 +32.0%
1990 1,349,619 +43.2%
1995 1,586,917 +17.6%
2000 1,821,284 +14.8%
2010 2,232,586 +22.6%
2014 2,417,962 +8.3%
Source: Badan Pusat Statistik 2010 & 2014


Religion in Southeast Sulawesi (2010 census)[3]
religion percent
other, not stated or not asked

Ethnic groups[edit]

The main ethnic groups in Southeast Sulawesi are "Tolaki", "Buton", "Muna" etc.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Southeast Sulawesi is divided into twelve regencies (including the new East Kolaka Regency and Konawe Islands Regency, both established in 2013 from parts of Kolaka Regency and Konawe Regency respectively) and two autonomous cities, listed below with their (provisional) populations at the 2010 Census[4] and according to the latest official estimates (for January 2014),[5] although the latter do not take account of the new regencies created since 2010:

Name Area (km2) Population
Census 2010
Estimate 2014
Capital HDI[6]
2014 estimate
Kendari 289,468 314,042 Kendari 0.813 (Very High)
Bombana Regency 1 139,271 150,796 Rumbia 0.633 (Medium)
Kolaka Regency 314,812 341,406 Kolaka 0.702 (High)
Konawe Regency 241,428 262,074 Unaaha 0.686 (Medium)
North Kolaka Regency
(Kolaka Utara)
121,476 131,415 Lasasua 0.657 (Medium)
North Konawe Regency
(Konawe Utara)
51,447 55,812 Wanggudu 0.660 (Medium)
South Konawe Regency
(Konawe Selatan)
264,197 286,556 Andoolo 0.656 (Medium)
Peninsula Regencies 1,422,099 1,542,101
Bau-Bau 137,118 148,366 Bau-Bau 0.731 (High)
Buton Regency 2,681.22 255,474 276,944 Bau-Bau 0.623 (Medium)
Muna Regency 2,945.05 268,140 290,553 Raha 0.650 (Medium)
North Buton Regency
(Buton Utara)
1,864.91 54,816 59,281 Burangga 0.646 (Medium)
Wakatobi Regency 559.54 92,922 100,717 Wanci, on
Wangi-wangi Island
0.669 (Medium)
Island Regencies 808,470 875,861


The figures for the Konawe Regency include those for the newly established Konawe Islands Regency, and the figures for the Kolaka Regency include those for the newly established East Kolaka Regency (which is wholly insular, essentially consisting of the island of Wawonii).

1 – Bombana Regency is partly peninsula (the areas around Poleang and Rumbia) and partly insular (including all of Kabaena Island).

In 2012-13 the Indonesian Government enacted the creation of 11 new Regencies and Municipalities, including the following in Southeast Sulawesi:

  • Konawe Islands Regency
  • East Kolaka Regency

On 24 June 2014, the Indonesian Parliament agreed to create three new regencies: West Muna Regency, South Buton Regency and Central Buton Regency based on consideration of technical, administrative, area, strategic and geopolitic factors.[7]

  • South Buton Regency
  • Central Buton Regency
  • West Muna Regency

Under discussion is a proposal to create an additional municipality of Raha. These five new regencies created since 2010, and the potential extra municipality, are not separated in the table above.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Tanggeasinua Mountains". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 2 March 2015. 
  2. ^ TPC M-12 AG, Indonesia (Map) (first ed.). 1:500,000. Director of Military Survey, Ministry of Defence, United Kingdom. 1972. 
  3. ^ "Population by Region and Religion in Indonesia". BPS. 2010. 
  4. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  5. ^ Penduduk Menurut Umur Tunggal - Tahun 2014
  6. ^ Indeks-Pembangunan-Manusia-2014
  7. ^ Riza Harahap (June 24, 2014). "DPR setujui tiga kabupaten baru di Sultra". 

External links[edit]