Southeastern United States

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Southeast Region of the United States of America
Southeastern United States
Dark red states are usually included in definitions of the Southeastern United States. Light red states are considered "Southeastern" with less frequency and included in other regions of the United States.
Dark red states are usually included in definitions of the Southeastern United States. Light red states are considered "Southeastern" with less frequency and included in other regions of the United States.
 • Total580,835 sq mi (1,504,360 km2)
 • Land540,511 sq mi (1,399,920 km2)
 • Water40,324 sq mi (104,440 km2)  6.9%
 • Total97,438,243 [note 1]
 • Density150.5/sq mi (58.1/km2)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)/CST (UTC-6);
AST (UTC-4) in PR and VI
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)/CDT (UTC-5);
No DST in PR and VI
Miami is the eleventh largest city in the region, and is the core of the second-largest metro area in the region.
Atlanta is the eighth largest city in the region, and serves as an anchor to the third-largest metro area in the region.
Charlotte is the second-largest city in the region, and serves as an anchor to the sixth largest metro area in the region.
Nashville is the fourth largest city in the region, and serves as an anchor to the eighth largest metro area in the region.
Tampa is the thirteenth largest city in the region, and serves as an anchor to the fourth-largest metro area in the region.

The Southeastern United States, also referred to as the American Southeast or simply the Southeast and sometimes simply the South, is, broadly, the eastern portion of the Southern United States and the southern portion of the Eastern United States. It comprises at least a core of states on the lower East Coast of the United States and eastern Gulf Coast. Expansively, it includes everything south of the Mason–Dixon line, the Ohio River, and the 36°30' parallel, and as far west as Arkansas and Louisiana.[1] There is no official U.S. government definition of the region, through various agencies and departments use different definitions.


The US Geological Survey considers the Southeast region to be Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee, plus Puerto Rico and the U.S. The Virgin Islands. There is no official Census Bureau definition of the southeastern United States; instead, they divide a larger region including Texas and Oklahoma designated as the "South" into three subregions none of which are conventionally considered to define the southeast. The nonprofit American Association of Geographers defines the southeastern United States as Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia.[2] The OSBO (American small business support organization) uses the same states, but includes Arkansas and Louisiana. The state of Delaware plus the District of Columbia is also sometimes added in some definitions of the term.


The history of human presence in the Southeast extends to before the dawn of civilization about 11,000 BC. The earliest artifacts were from the Clovis culture.

Before the arrival of Europeans, Native Americans of the Woodland period tradition occupied the region for several hundred years.

The first Europeans to arrive in the region were conquistadors of the Spanish Empire. In 1541, Hernando de Soto journeyed through the south and crossed the Mississippi River.

The region hosted the first permanent European settlement in North America, by the Kingdom of England at Jamestown, Virginia in 1607.

Prior to and during the American Civil War (1861-1865), the Confederate States of America consisted of the southeastern states plus Texas, i.e., Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Texas. Kentucky and Maryland were neutral border states that eventually joined the Union.

Much of the Southeast observed Jim Crow laws during the American segregation era.


Most populous states[edit]

The most populous states in the region are Florida (20,612,439), followed by Georgia (10,310,371) and North Carolina (10,146,788).[3]

State 2017 estimate 2010 census Change Land area Density
Alabama 4,874,747 4,779,736 +1.99% 50,645 sq mi (131,171 km2) 96.3/sq mi (37.2/km2)
Arkansas 3,004,279 2,915,918 +3.03% 52,035 sq mi (134,771 km2) 57.7/sq mi (22.3/km2)
Florida 20,984,400 18,801,310 +11.61% 53,625 sq mi (138,887 km2) 391.3/sq mi (151.1/km2)
Georgia 10,429,379 9,687,653 +7.66% 57,513 sq mi (148,959 km2) 181.3/sq mi (70.0/km2)
Kentucky 4,454,189 4,339,367 +2.65% 39,486 sq mi (102,269 km2) 112.8/sq mi (43.6/km2)
Louisiana 4,684,333 4,533,372 +3.33% 43,204 sq mi (111,898 km2) 108.4/sq mi (41.9/km2)
Mississippi 2,984,100 2,967,297 +0.57% 46,923 sq mi (121,531 km2) 63.6/sq mi (24.6/km2)
North Carolina 10,273,419 9,535,483 +7.74% 48,618 sq mi (125,920 km2) 211.3/sq mi (81.6/km2)
South Carolina 5,024,369 4,625,364 +8.63% 30,061 sq mi (77,857 km2) 167.1/sq mi (64.5/km2)
Tennessee 6,715,984 6,346,105 +5.83% 41,235 sq mi (106,798 km2) 162.9/sq mi (62.9/km2)
Virginia 8,470,020 8,001,024 +5.86% 39,490 sq mi (102,279 km2) 214.5/sq mi (82.8/km2)
West Virginia 1,815,857 1,852,994 −2.00% 24,038 sq mi (62,259 km2) 75.5/sq mi (29.2/km2)
Total 83,715,076 78,385,623 +6.80% 526,874 sq mi (1,364,597 km2) 158.9/sq mi (61.3/km2)

U.S. territories[edit]

Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands are located southeast of Florida, and are considered to be in the South / Southeastern U.S. by the FAA, Agricultural Research Service, and the U.S. National Park Service.[4][5][6]

Territory 2019 estimate[7][8] 2010 census Change Land area[9][8] Density
Puerto Rico 3,193,694 3,725,789 −14.28% 3,459 sq mi (8,959 km2) 923.3/sq mi (356.5/km2)
U.S. Virgin Islands 106,235 106,405 −0.16% 134 sq mi (346 km2) 795.2/sq mi (307.0/km2)


The predominant culture of the Southeast has its origins with the settlement of the region by European colonists and African slaves in the 17th to 19th centuries, as large groups of English, Scottish and Ulster-Scottish, Germans, Spanish, French, and Acadians migrated to the region. Since the late 20th century the New South has emerged as the fastest-growing area of the United States economically. Multiculturalism has become mainstream in the Southeastern states. African Americans remain a dominant demographic at around 30% of the total population of the Southeast. The New South is built upon the metropolitan areas along the Interstate 85 corridor. Cities include Birmingham, Atlanta, Greenville, Spartanburg, Charlotte, Greensboro, Winston-Salem, and Raleigh-Durham.


Most of the southeastern part of the United States is dominated by the humid subtropical climate (Cfa/Cwa). As one nears the southern portions of Florida, the climate gradually becomes tropical as winters are freezing free and all months have a mean temperature above 64.4 °F (18.0 °C) (the defined coldest monthly mean temperature of tropical climates).

Seasonally, summers are generally hot and humid throughout the entire region. The Bermuda High pumps hot and moist air mass from the tropical Atlantic Ocean and eastern Gulf of Mexico westward toward the southeast United States, creating the typical sultry tropical summers. Daytime highs are often in the upper 80s to lower 90s F.[10][11] Rainfall is summer concentrated along the Gulf Coast and the South Atlantic coast from Norfolk, VA southward, reaching a sharp summer monsoon-like pattern over peninsular Florida, with dry winters and wet summers. Sunshine is abundant across the southeastern United States in summer, as the rainfall often comes in quick, but intense downpours. The mid-South, especially Tennessee, and the northern halves of Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia, have maximum monthly rainfall amounts in winter and spring, owing to copious Gulf moisture and clashes between warm, moist air from the Gulf of Mexico and cold, dry air from Canada during the cold season. Here, December, March, or April are typically the wettest months; August to October, the driest months (for example, at Tupelo, MS, Huntsville, AL and Memphis, TN).

Winters are cool in areas like Tennessee and western North Carolina, with average highs in the 45 °F (7 °C) range in January. Farther south, winters become milder across interior eastern North and South Carolina, Georgia, and Alabama, with average January highs in the 53 °F (12 °C) range. As one nears the Gulf of Mexico coastal plain and coastal areas of Georgia and the Carolinas, winters become warm, with daytime highs near or over 60 °F (16 °C), until far enough south in central Florida where daytime highs are above 70 °F (21 °C). Winters tend to be very dry and sunny across Florida, with a gradual increase in winter rainfall with increasing latitude, especially west of the Appalachian Mountains.


The Southeast has changed dramatically in the last two generations. Since 1980, there has been a boom in its service economy, manufacturing base, high technology industries, and the financial sector. Examples of this include the surge in tourism in Florida and along the Gulf Coast; numerous new automobile production plants such as Mercedes-Benz in Tuscaloosa, Alabama; Hyundai in Montgomery, Alabama; Toyota Motors in Blue Springs, Mississippi; Kia in West Point, Georgia; the BMW production plant in Greer, South Carolina; Volkswagen in Chattanooga, Tennessee; the GM manufacturing plant in Spring Hill, Tennessee; and the Nissan North American headquarters in Franklin, Tennessee; the two largest research parks in the country: Research Triangle Park in the Triangle area of North Carolina (the world's largest) and the Cummings Research Park in Huntsville, Alabama (the world's fourth largest); and the corporate headquarters of Verso Paper in Memphis, as well as FedEx, which is one of the world's largest shipping companies.

Fortune 500 companies having headquarters in the region include 16 in Florida, 15 in North Carolina, and 14 in Georgia. This economic expansion has enabled parts of the South to have of some of the lowest unemployment rates in the United States.[12] In Alabama, there is a large-scale manufacturing project owned by the German steel megacorporation ThyssenKrupp, which operates a massive, state-of-the-art facility in Mobile.

Research and development[edit]

Research Triangle Park, in the Raleigh-Durham urban area of North Carolina, has emerged as a major hub of technology, governmental, and biotechnological research and development. The Cummings Research Park in the Huntsville, Alabama area is the second-largest research complex in the nation. Located in Huntsville is the Redstone Arsenal, United States Army Missile Command, the U.S. Space & Rocket Center, NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and much other key government, military, and aerospace agencies. Tullahoma, TN contains Arnold Air Force Base. The base is home to the Arnold Engineering Development Complex (AEDC), the most advanced and largest complex of flight simulation test facilities in the world.

The National High Magnetic Field Laboratory in Tallahassee, Florida, is the largest laboratory in the world devoted to the study of magnetism.[citation needed] The University of South Carolina is currently constructing a research campus in downtown Columbia, and the university is the nation's only National Science Foundation-funded Industry/University Cooperative Research Center for Fuel Cells.[13]


Higher education[edit]

The region includes a number of notable universities, public and private, whose research exert influence globally. Chief among these are:

There are a number of well-known private institutions, as well. Notable among these are:

The region is home to the greatest number of historically black colleges and universities in the nation. The three largest in the region are:

Largest cities[edit]

These are the largest cities in the Southeastern region of the United States by population, according to the United States Census Bureau:[14]

Rank City State
or territory
Population (2015)
1 Jacksonville[a] Florida 868,031
2 Charlotte North Carolina 827,097
3 Washington District of Columbia 672,228
4 Nashville[a] Tennessee 660,388
5 Memphis Tennessee 652,717
6 Baltimore Maryland 621,849
7 Louisville[a] Kentucky 615,366
8 Atlanta Georgia 463,878
9 Virginia Beach Virginia 452,745
10 Raleigh North Carolina 451,066
11 Miami Florida 441,003
12 New Orleans[a] Louisiana 389,617
13 Tampa Florida 369,075
San Juan Puerto Rico 318,441[15]
14 Lexington Kentucky 314,488
15 Greensboro North Carolina 285,342
16 Orlando Florida 270,394
17 Durham North Carolina 257,636
18 Saint Petersburg Florida 257,083
19 Norfolk Virginia 246,393
20 Winston-Salem North Carolina 241,218
21 Hialeah Florida 237,069
22 Chesapeake Virginia 235,429
23 Baton Rouge Louisiana 228,590
24 Richmond Virginia 220,289
25 Birmingham Alabama 212,461
26 Fayetteville North Carolina 201,963
27 Augusta Georgia 201,554
28 Columbus Georgia 200,579

Metropolitan Statistical Areas[edit]

These are the metropolitan areas of the Southeastern region which exceed 1  million in population according to the United States Census Bureau's 2019 estimates:[16]

Rank Metropolitan area Anchor city Population (2016) State(s) or territory
1 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria Washington 6,280,487 District of Columbia / Virginia /
Maryland / West Virginia
2 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach Miami 6,166,488 Florida
3 Atlanta–Sandy Springs-Roswell Atlanta 6,020,364 Georgia
4 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater Tampa 3,194,831 Florida
5 Baltimore-Columbia-Towson Baltimore 2,800,053 Maryland
6 Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia Charlotte 2,636,883 North Carolina / South Carolina
7 Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford Orlando 2,608,147 Florida
San Juan–Caguas–Guaynabo San Juan 2,020,000[17] Puerto Rico
8 Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Franklin Nashville 1,934,317 Tennessee
9 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News Virginia Beach 1,768,901 Virginia / North Carolina
10 Jacksonville Jacksonville 1,559,514 Florida
11 Raleigh Raleigh 1,390,785 North Carolina
12 Memphis Memphis 1,346,045 Tennessee / Mississippi / Arkansas
13 Richmond-Petersburg Richmond 1,291,900 Virginia
14 New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner New Orleans 1,270,530 Louisiana
15 Louisville-Jefferson County Louisville 1,265,108 Kentucky / Indiana
16 Birmingham-Hoover Birmingham 1,090,435 Alabama

Combined Statistical Areas[edit]

Beyond Megalopolis by Virginia Tech's Metropolitan Institute, an attempt to update Jean Gottmann's work with current trends, defines two "megapolitan areas" contained within the Southeast, out of a total of ten such areas in the United States:

Two others tie some areas on the margins of the Southeast to urban centers in other regions:

  • "Gulf Coast" extending as far east as the western tip of Florida
  • "Northeast" including much of Maryland and eastern Virginia

These are the combined statistical areas of the Southeastern region which exceed 1  million in population according to the United States Census Bureau's 2016 estimates. Note that the metropolitan areas of Tampa and Richmond are not included in any CSAs, so they are included in the table without constituent areas.[18]

Rank Combined Statistical Area Population (2019) Constituent Core Based Statistical Areas
1 Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA Combined Statistical Area 9,814,928 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area
Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD Metropolitan Statistical Area
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area
Chambersburg-Waynesboro, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area
Winchester, VA-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area
California-Lexington Park, MD Metropolitan Statistical Area
Easton, MD Micropolitan Statistical Area
Cambridge, MD Micropolitan Statistical Area
2 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL Combined Statistical Area 6,889,936 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
Port St. Lucie, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
Okeechobee, FL Micropolitan Statistical Area
3 Atlanta–Athens-Clarke County–Sandy Springs, GA Combined Statistical Area 6,853,392 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area
Athens-Clarke County, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area
Gainesville, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area
LaGrange, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area
Jefferson, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area
Calhoun, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area
Cedartown, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area
Thomaston, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area
4 Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL Combined Statistical Area 4,160,646 Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
The Villages, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
5 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater 3,194,831 MSA only
6 Charlotte-Concord, NC-SC Combined Statistical Area 2,797,636 Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC Metropolitan Statistical Area
Shelby, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area
Albemarle, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area
7 Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, NC Combined Statistical Area 2,079,687 Raleigh, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area
Dunn, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area
Oxford, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area
Sanford, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area
Henderson, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area
8 Nashville-Davidson–Murfreesboro, TN Combined Statistical Area 2,062,547 Nashville-Davidson–Murfreesboro–Franklin, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area
Shelbyville, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area
Lawrenceburg, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area
Lewisburg, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area
9 Virginia Beach-Norfolk, VA-NC Combined Statistical Area 1,859,197 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC Metropolitan Statistical Area
Elizabeth City, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area
Kill Devil Hills, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area
10 Greensboro–Winston-Salem–High Point, NC Combined Statistical Area 1,689,151 Greensboro-High Point, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area
Winston-Salem, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area
Burlington, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area
Mount Airy, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area
11 Jacksonville-St. Marys-Palatka, FL-GA Combined Statistical Area 1,688,701 Jacksonville, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
Palatka, FL Micropolitan Statistical Area
St. Marys, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area
12 New Orleans-Metairie-Hammond, LA-MS Combined Statistical Area 1,507,017 New Orleans-Metairie, LA Metropolitan Statistical Area
Hammond, LA Metropolitan Statistical Area
Picayune, MS Micropolitan Statistical Area
Bogalusa, LA Micropolitan Statistical Area
13 Louisville/Jefferson County–Elizabethtown–Bardstown, KY-IN Combined Statistical Area 1,489,142 Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area
Elizabethtown-Fort Knox, KY Metropolitan Statistical Area
Bardstown, KY Micropolitan Statistical Area
Scottsburg, IN Micropolitan Statistical Area
14 Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC Combined Statistical Area 1,475,235 Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area
Spartanburg, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area
Greenwood, SC Micropolitan Statistical Area
Seneca, SC Micropolitan Statistical Area
Gaffney, SC Micropolitan Statistical Area
15 Memphis-Forrest City, TN-MS-AR Combined Statistical Area 1,371,039 Memphis, TN-MS-AR Metropolitan Statistical Area
Forrest City, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area
16 Birmingham-Hoover-Talladega, AL Combined Statistical Area 1,317,702 Birmingham-Hoover, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area
Talladega-Sylacauga, AL Micropolitan Statistical Area
Cullman, AL Micropolitan Statistical Area
17 Richmond-Petersburg 1,291,900 MSA only
18 Cape Coral-Fort Myers-Naples, FL Combined Statistical Area 1,197,501 Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
19 Knoxville-Morristown-Sevierville, TN Combined Statistical Area 1,146,049 Knoxville, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area
Morristown, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area
Sevierville, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area
Newport, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area
20 North Port-Sarasota, FL Combined Statistical Area 1,063,906 North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
Punta Gorda, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
Arcadia, FL Micropolitan Statistical Area


Atlanta Falcons
Miami Heat
Alabama Crimson Tide Football

Although American football is prevalent across the United States, it is especially pervasive in the Southeast. With a total of nine (9) franchises — the Atlanta Falcons, the Baltimore Ravens, the Carolina Panthers, the Jacksonville Jaguars, the Miami Dolphins, the New Orleans Saints, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, the Tennessee Titans, and the Washington Football Team — across the region, the National Football League (NFL) maintains a stronger commercial presence than any other major North American professional sports league.

The Southeast has seven (7) National Basketball Association (NBA) franchises: the Atlanta Hawks, the Charlotte Hornets, the Memphis Grizzlies, the Miami Heat, the New Orleans Pelicans, the Orlando Magic, and the Washington Wizards.

Major League Baseball (MLB) maintains five (5) teams in the Southeast: the Atlanta Braves, the Baltimore Orioles, the Miami Marlins, the Tampa Bay Rays, and the Washington Nationals.

The Southeast has five (5) National Hockey League (NHL) franchises: the Carolina Hurricanes, the Florida Panthers, the Nashville Predators, the Tampa Bay Lightning, and the Washington Capitals.

Major League Soccer currently holds three (3) clubs — Atlanta United FC, DC United, and Orlando City SC— in the region. This number will increase to six (6) when Nashville SC and Inter Miami CF begin to play in March 2020, and Charlotte's unnamed team joins in 2021.

The Atlantic Coast Conference is an NCAA Division 1 conference of mainly Southeastern college teams, including the Florida State Seminoles, Louisville Cardinals, Miami Hurricanes, Clemson Tigers and Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets, Wake Forest Demon Deacons, Duke Blue Devils, North Carolina Tar Heels, NC State Wolfpack, Virginia Tech Hokies, and Virginia Cavaliers. The Sugar Bowl, Orange Bowl, Peach Bowl, and Citrus Bowl are notable college football bowls held in Southeastern cities.

The Southeastern Conference is also an NCAA Division 1 conference of Southeastern college teams, including the Alabama Crimson Tide, Arkansas Razorbacks, Auburn Tigers, Kentucky Wildcats, Ole Miss Rebels, Florida Gators, South Carolina Gamecocks, Tennessee Volunteers and Georgia Bulldogs, Mississippi State Bulldogs, and Vanderbilt Commodores.

The majority of NASCAR teams are headquartered in the Charlotte area along with the sports operations headquarters and media outlets. Tracks in the region include Daytona International Speedway, Homestead-Miami Speedway, Talladega Superspeedway, Bristol Motor Speedway, Charlotte Motor Speedway, Atlanta Motor Speedway, Darlington Raceway, Kentucky Speedway, Martinsville Speedway, and Richmond International Speedway.

The southeast also hosts two of the three legs of the American Triple Crown: the Kentucky Derby, in Kentucky, and the Preakness Stakes is also located in the Southeast, being run in Baltimore. The Derby is considered the western leg of the crown and the Preakness is traditionally considered the southern leg.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, D.C., Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana, Arkansas
  2. ^ Southeastern Division of the Association of American Geographers]
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 (PEPANNRES): All States within the United States and Puerto Rico". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
  4. ^ Federal Aviation Administration. Southern Region. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
  5. ^ Agricultural Research Service. Southeast Area. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
  6. ^ U.S. National Park Service. Rivers, Trails, and Conservation Assistance Program. Contact Us (archived). Retrieved July 5, 2020.
  7. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. QuickFacts - Puerto Rico. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
  8. ^ a b CIA World Factbook. U.S. Virgin Islands. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
  9. ^ CIA World Factbook. Puerto Rico. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
  10. ^ "Miami, Florida Temperature Averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  11. ^ "Virginia Beach, Virginia Temperature Averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  12. ^ "State jobless rate below US average". The Decatur Daily. August 19, 2005. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-12.
  13. ^ "Business Partnership Opportunities". Archived from the original on 2012-03-17. Retrieved 2013-12-13.
  14. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2015 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 - United States -- Places of 50,000+ Population (PEPANNRSIP)". American Factfinder. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
  15. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. QuickFacts - San Juan Municipio, Puerto Rico. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
  16. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010, to July 1, 2016 (PEPANNRES): All Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas within the United States and Puerto Rico". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
  17. ^ San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo metropolitan area. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
  18. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 (PEPANNRES)". American Factfinder. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
  19. ^ "Florida Sports Teams". Wright Retrieved 2020-03-26.
  20. ^ "North Carolina Sports Teams". Wright Retrieved 2020-03-26.
  21. ^ "Georgia Sports Teams". Wright Retrieved 2020-03-26.
  22. ^ "Louisiana Sports Teams". Wright Retrieved 2020-03-26.
  23. ^ "Tennessee Sports Teams". Wright Retrieved 2020-03-26.
  24. ^ "Mississippi Sports Teams". Wright Retrieved 2020-03-26.
  25. ^ "Alabama Sports Teams". Wright Retrieved 2020-03-26.
  26. ^ "South Carolina Sports Teams". Wright Retrieved 2020-03-26.
  27. ^ "Kentucky Sports Teams". Wright Retrieved 2020-03-26.
  28. ^ "Virginia Sports Teams". Wright Retrieved 2020-03-26.
  29. ^ "Maryland Sports Teams". Wright Retrieved 2020-03-26.
  30. ^ "Washington DC Sports Teams". Retrieved 2020-03-26.
  31. ^ "West Virginia Sports Teams". Wright Retrieved 2020-03-26.


  1. ^ Excludes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°N 85°W / 34°N 85°W / 34; -85