Southern Bloc of the FARC-EP

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The Southern Bloc of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia was the first bloc to exist and is where the roots of the guerrilla movement lie. The bloc has been held responsible for several notorious attacks, including the infamous "donkey-bomb", numerous attacks against military bases, as well as Íngrid Betancourt´s kidnapping. It was also blamed by government investigators and prosecutors for the bombing of the El Nogal club. FARC itself denied that any of its members were responsible for the attack.

The bloc operates in much of the area that borders with Ecuador and Peru, with some supposed incursions into foreign territory. The government suspects that many FARC leaders may be hiding in the jungles protected by the South Bloc.

The specific divisions of the group are arguable. Because of the current conflict existing in the country, much of the information recovered is conflicting and cannot be taken as absolutely reliable. Some of the believed divisions or 'fronts', as they are commonly called, are shown below. Many of these fronts sometimes work together towards a certain mission, while others are further divided into 'columns' and 'companies' with a smaller number of members. For more general information see FARC-EP Chain of Command.

Commanders[edit]

Alias Name Note
Joaquín Gómez, "Usuriaga" Milton de Jesús Toncel Redondo
"Fabián Ramírez" José Benito Cabrera Cuevas
"Sonia" Anayibe Rojas Captured and extradited in 2004.
Jairo Martinez 4th in command of this bloc[1]

2nd Front[edit]

Also known as the Isaías Pardo Front, up to 120 militants form it. It operates mostly in the Nariño Department and the Caquetá Department.

Alias Name Note
Ovidio Matallana Bladimir Ballén Garzón

3rd Front (dismantled)[edit]

Up to 100 militants form this front that operates mostly in the Caquetá Department and the Huila Department. Its current leadership is unclear.

Alias Name Note
"Montoya" Hernando Medina Killed in 2005.

13th Front[edit]

Up to 150 militants form this front that operates mostly in the Caquetá Department and the Huila Department.

Alias Name Note
"Caballo" Alexánder Duque

14th Front[edit]

Up to 250 militants form this front that operates mostly in the Caquetá Department. It is considered one of the most important fronts of the Southern Bloc.

Alias Name Note
Fabián Ramírez José Benito Cabrero Cuevas Commander of the Southern Bloc.
Faiber Captured in 2005.

15th Front[edit]

Also known as the José Ignacio Mora Front, around 300 militants and 2,000 non-combatants form it.[2] It operates mostly in the Caquetá Department. The group is considered responsible for Íngrid Betancourt´s kidnapping. On March 2012, the group was held responsible for taking a French journalist, Roméo Langlois, as an hostage during an attack in which 4 Colombian soldiers were killed. Langlois was released a month later.[3][4][5]

Alias Name Note
Wilmer Front commander
"El Mocho César", "César Arroyabe" Josué Ceballos Killed in 2002.
Adiela Demobilized in August 2010.[6]
"La Flaca" Demobilized on October 26, 2010.[7]
"Colacho" Second in charge of this front. Killed in April 2011.[8]
"Diomédez" or "Diomedes" He participated in the kidnapping of Ingrid Betancourt in 2002. Killed in April 2011.[9]

32nd Front[edit]

Up to 170 militants form this front that operates mostly in the Putumayo Department and the Caquetá Department.

Alias Name Note
"Robledo" Humberto Caballero Cortés
Arley Leal Regulo Leal Captured in 2007.

48th Front[edit]

Also known as the Antonio José de Sucre, up to 450 militants form it. It operates mostly in the Putumayo Department. The group is very active in the border with Ecuador and was suspected of sheltering Raúl Reyes before his death in a Colombian cross border raid on 01 March 2008.

On September 19, 2010, the National Police reported the death of more than 20 guerrilla combatants from this front.[10][11][12][13]

On November 15, 2010, 17 body of suspected FARC members were recovered after Colombia Forces carried out a bombing in FARC 48th front.[14] Two suspected member were children, probably kidnapped by FARC: 12 year-old Jimmy Lee, a Colombian refugee in Ecuador, and 15 year-old Doris Carolina Cadena Benarcazar, an Ecuadorian citizen from Carchi Province.[15] Ecuador denounces the recruitment of Ecuadorean minors into the ranks of Colombia's FARC guerrilla group.[16]

Alias Name Note
Robledo Front commander[17]
"Danilo" Fabio Ramírez Artunduaga Captured in Ecuador in June 27, 2011.[18][19]
"Édgar Tovar" Ángel Gabriel Lozada Killed in 2010
"Uriel" Nelson Yaguará Méndez Captured in Ecuador in 2005.
"Eliseo" Demobilized in April 2010.
"Saúl" Demobilized in July 2010.[20]
"Domingo Biojó" Sixto Antonio Cabaña Guillén Killed in 2010 among the deaths reported by the Police on 2010.09.19.[21]
"Lucero","Lucero Palmera" María Victoria Hinojosa Killed in 2010 among the deaths reported by the Police on 2010.09.19.[22]
"John Freddy Pitufo" Killed in 2010 among the deaths reported by the Police on 2010.09.19.[23]
"Caballo" Killed in 2010 among the deaths reported by the Police on 2010.09.19.[24]
"Segundo Cuéllar" Killed in 2010 among the deaths reported by the Police on 2010.09.19.[25]
"Oliver Solarte" Killed in March 14, 2011, during Operation "Marte" (Mars)[26][27]
"Julián Conrado", "El cantante" Guillermo Enrique Torres Cueter Captured in Venezuela on Monday May 30, 2011.[28][29][30]
"Euclides" Killed on September 2011.[31][32]
"Marihuano" Jhon Erlinton Pianda Dovicamo Explosive expert, captured on April 27, 2012.[33]
"El mexicano" Justo Galindo Reina Former member of 32nd and 49th front, captured on April 27, 2012.[34]

49th Front[edit]

Around 50 to 100 militants form this front that operates in the Cauca and Caquetá Departments.

Alias Name Note
El Mojoso Wilson Peña Maje Front commander
Poncho Demobilized in August 2010.[35]
"Rubín Castañeda" Héctor Alirio Quintero Ríos Captured in September 2, 2011.[36]

61st Front[edit]

Also known as the Timanco Front, up to 70 militants form it. It operates mostly in the Huila Department.

Alias Name Note
"Águila Negra" Bercelio Castro Arrested in 2007.
"Franklin"
"El Flaco"

Mobile Column Teófilo Forero[edit]

As of 2013, at least 220[37] specialized militants form this powerful group that operates mostly in the Huila Department and the Caquetá Department, with much urban activity around the country.

Alias Name Note
"El Paisa" Óscar Montero
"Diván" Second in command.[38]
"Genaro" KIA in 2008.
"Genaro" Luis González or Genaro Corredor Pinzón Captured on Thursday April 21, 2011.[39][40]
"Tropezón" or "Edgar" Junior Lozano Urrea Deputy of alias "Genaro" (captured in 2011/04/21). Killed in April 2011.[41]
"Jecko" Captured on Thursday April 21, 2011.[42]
"La Marrana" Captured on Thursday April 21, 2011.[43]
"Yerbas" Humberto Valbuena Morales Captured in 2006.
"Ledis"; "woman of a thousand faces" Mónica Echeverry Captured in May 2010.[44]
"Dilmer" Alfonso Solano Rincón Killed on February 5, 2011.[45]
"Pedro" Herminsul Arellán Barajas Captured in March 2011.[46]
"El ingeniero" Aldemar Soto Charry Main explosive expert of the Column Teófilo Forero. Captured in April 2011.[47]

Mobile Column Yesid Ortiz[edit]

According to the Colombian newspaper El Tiempo, the Yesid Ortiz Mobile Column was created by fusing remnants of the Teofilo Forero Mobile Column, the 3rd and 14th fronts into a single group which were weakened by the Military of Colombia as part of the Plan Patriota. The main objective of this unit according to El Tiempo is to recover lost territory in the Department of Caqueta.[48]

Medical Commission[edit]

Alias Name Note
"Cristian" or "Doctor agujas" Heberto Sánchez Tamayo Physician. Coordinator of the care for the rebels in Southern and Eastern Blocs. Captured in September 24, 2011.[49]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.elespectador.com/noticias/judicial/articulo196204-el-comandante-jairo-martinez
  2. ^ http://www.france24.com/en/20120503-farc-rebels-claim-holding-france-24-journalist-romeo-langlois-colombia
  3. ^ http://colombiareports.com/colombia-news/news/23780-farc-attacked-in-civilian-clothing-military-.html
  4. ^ http://www.caracol.com.co/noticias/judicial/se-conocen-identidades-de-militares-y-policias-muertos-y-heridos-en-caqueta/20120429/nota/1678944.aspx
  5. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-18268967
  6. ^ http://www.ejercito.mil.co/?idcategoria=253601
  7. ^ http://www.ejercito.mil.co/?idcategoria=265887
  8. ^ http://www.ejercito.mil.co/?idcategoria=280942
  9. ^ http://www.ejercito.mil.co/?idcategoria=280942
  10. ^ http://www.policia.gov.co/portal/pls/portal/JOHN.NOTICIAS_NUEVAS_DETALLADAS.SHOW?p_arg_names=identificador&p_arg_values=263905
  11. ^ http://www.mindefensa.gov.co/irj/go/km/docs/documents/News/NoticiaGrandeMDN/80b8fa3a-4aa6-2d10-6395-f739348894dd.xml
  12. ^ http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory?id=11675954
  13. ^ http://www.caracol.com.co/nota.aspx?id=1359954
  14. ^ Caracol note
  15. ^ Colombia confirm death of Ecuadorean minor.
  16. ^ Ecuador denounces FARC recruitment of minors
  17. ^ http://www.lafm.com.co/noticias/colombia/02-01-12/alias-robledo-de-las-farc-ser-responsable-del-ataque-en-orito
  18. ^ http://www.eltiempo.com/justicia/capturado-en-ecuador-el-jefe-del-frente-48-de-las-farc_9735584-4
  19. ^ http://www.wradio.com.co/nota.aspx?id=1495970
  20. ^ http://www.ejercito.mil.co/?idcategoria=251978
  21. ^ http://www.elcolombiano.com/BancoConocimiento/A/alias_domingo_biojo_fue_abatido_en_operacion_contra_las_farc_en_putumayo/alias_domingo_biojo_fue_abatido_en_operacion_contra_las_farc_en_putumayo.asp?CodSeccion=211
  22. ^ http://www.caracol.com.co/nota.aspx?id=1360130&rel=1360658
  23. ^ http://www.caracol.com.co/nota.aspx?id=1360130&rel=1360658
  24. ^ http://www.caracol.com.co/nota.aspx?id=1360130&rel=1360658
  25. ^ http://www.caracol.com.co/nota.aspx?id=1360130&rel=1360658
  26. ^ http://www.cgfm.mil.co/CGFMPortal/index.jsp?option=noticiaDisplay&idNoti=4937
  27. ^ http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/breaking/2011/0316/breaking34_pf.html
  28. ^ http://www.eluniverso.com/2011/06/01/1/1361/capturan-venezuela-julian-conrado-miembro-estado-farc.html
  29. ^ http://www.elespectador.com/noticias/judicial/articulo-274358-captura-al-jefe-guerrillero-julian-conrrado
  30. ^ http://twitter.com/#!/JuanManSantos/status/75992076780699648
  31. ^ http://noticias.terra.com.co/internacional/colombia-cuatro-guerrilleros-de-farc-muertos-en-bombardeo-cerca-de-ecuador,5120aa8d72f62310VgnVCM3000009af154d0RCRD.html
  32. ^ http://www.charlotteobserver.com/2011/09/15/2611257/colombia-cuatro-guerrilleros-de.html
  33. ^ mindefensa.gov.co: Capturados dos terroristas del frente 48 de las farc
  34. ^ mindefensa.gov.co: Capturados dos terroristas del frente 48 de las farc
  35. ^ http://www.ejercito.mil.co/?idcategoria=254075
  36. ^ http://www.ejercito.mil.co/?idcategoria=316862
  37. ^ http://www.eltiempo.com/justicia/operaciones-contra-alias-el-paisa-jefe-de-las-farc_13185603-4
  38. ^ http://www.caracol.com.co/noticias/judicial/un-herido-en-ataque-de-las-farc-a-caravana-de-transporte-de-petroleo/20110925/nota/1552571.aspx
  39. ^ http://www.elpais.com.co/elpais/judicial/cayo-alias-genaro-segundo-en-columna-teofilo-forero-farc
  40. ^ http://www.radionacionaldecolombia.gov.co/index.php?option=com_topcontent&view=article&id=17230:ejercito-captura-al-segundo-al-mando-de-la-columna-qteofilo-foreroq-de-las-farc-en-huila&catid=1:noticias
  41. ^ http://www.ejercito.mil.co/?idcategoria=281567
  42. ^ http://www.elpais.com.co/elpais/judicial/cayo-alias-genaro-segundo-en-columna-teofilo-forero-farc
  43. ^ http://www.elpais.com.co/elpais/judicial/cayo-alias-genaro-segundo-en-columna-teofilo-forero-farc
  44. ^ Colombia reports
  45. ^ http://www.ejercito.mil.co/?idcategoria=276641 Cayó experto en fabricación de morteros y granadas hechizas
  46. ^ http://m.elespectador.com/noticias/judicial/articulo-255039-capturan-al-autor-material-del-atentado-al-club-el-nogal Capturan autor del atentado al club El Nogal
  47. ^ http://www.ejercito.mil.co/?idcategoria=281195
  48. ^ (Spanish) El Tiempo: Nuevo frente de las Farc pretende volver a ejercer dominio en Caquetá
  49. ^ Ejército de Colombia: "Capturado alias ‘Cristian o doctor agujas’, cabecilla comisión médica, perteneciente al Bloque Sur de las FARC" September 24, 2011. [1]