Southern Cross, Western Australia
Southern Cross townsite
|Population||762 (2011 census)|
|Elevation||355 m (1,165 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Yilgarn|
Southern Cross is a town in Western Australia, 371 kilometres east of state capital Perth on the Great Eastern Highway. It was founded by gold prospectors in 1888, and gazetted in 1890. It is the major town and administrative centre of the Shire of Yilgarn. At the 2011 census, Southern Cross had a population of 762.
The town of Southern Cross is one of the many towns that run along the Goldfields Water Supply Scheme pipeline from Mundaring to Kalgoorlie, engineered by C. Y. O'Connor, and as a consequence is an important location on the Golden Pipeline Heritage Trail.
A succession of gold rushes in the Yilgarn region near Southern Cross in 1887, at Coolgardie in 1892, and at Kalgoorlie in 1893 caused a population explosion in the barren and dry desert centre of Western Australia.
Southern Cross is in the Federal electorate of O'Connor.
Southern Cross railway station is on the standard gauge railway from Perth to Kalgoorlie. The construction and opening of the line from Perth was completed on 1 May 1967, and the connection to Kalgoorlie via Koolyanobbing was completed by 4 November 1968.
Narrow gauge route
The former narrow gauge route of the Eastern Goldfields Railway reached Southern Cross on 1 July 1894. and the Southern Cross to Coolgardie narrow gauge railway (via Boorabbin) was closed 29 November 1971.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Southern Cross (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
- Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names – S". Retrieved 18 February 2008.
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- "Southern Cross". Heritage Australia. Retrieved 18 February 2008.
- Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names – S". Retrieved 2008-02-15.
- "YAS – Information Southern Cross". yilgarn.com.au. 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "Southern Cross". The Sydney Morning Herald. February 8, 2004. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
- "CBH receival sites" (PDF). 2011. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "Australian Electoral Commission website". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Quinlan, Howard; Newland, John R; Australian Railway Historical Society. New South Wales Division (2000). Australian railway routes 1854 to 2000. Australian Railway Historical Society – New South Wales Division. p. 63. ISBN 978-0-909650-49-0
- Milne, Rod Wheat, Gold and Humming Birds: Southern Cross in Diesel Days Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, December, 2001 pp443-449
- Searle, M. J (January 1983). "The Eastern and Eastern Goldfields Railways [Series of parts] Part 1: construction and opening". RIM: Western Australian Railways Institute Magazine. 80 (Jan 1983): 3–8. Retrieved 12 November 2012
- Searle, M. J (February 1983). "The Eastern and Eastern Goldfields Railways [Series of parts] Part 2. – Constructions of extensions-". RIM: Western Australian Railways Institute Magazine. 80 (Feb 1983): 2–3, 5–6. Retrieved 12 November 2012
- page 67 Quinlan, Howard; Newland, John R; Australian Railway Historical Society. New South Wales Division (2000). Australian railway routes 1854 to 2000. Australian Railway Historical Society – New South Wales Division. ISBN 978-0-909650-49-0
- "Country elevators". The West Australian. Perth: National Library of Australia. 6 July 1932. p. 10. Retrieved 6 April 2013.