Salvelinus curilus

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Southern Dolly Varden
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Salmoniformes
Family: Salmonidae
Genus: Salvelinus
Species: S. curilus
Binomial name
Salvelinus curilus
(Pallas, 1814)
Synonyms

Salvelinus malma krascheninnikova Taranetz, 1933
Salvelinus fariopsis (Kner, 1870)

Salvelinus curilus is a species of char, a type of anadromous fish in the salmon family. It inhabits the waters of Russian Far East in the Kurile Islands, Sakhalin, Primorye and also Korea and Japan. It has mostly been considered a subspecies of the Dolly Varden trout Salvelinus malma, with the name Salvelinus malma krascheninnikova, and referred to as the southern Dolly Varden or Asian southern form Dolly Varden trout.

This species has a mitochondrial DNA lineage clearly distinct from that of the northern Dolly Varden S. malma, and the latter is closer to the Arctic char Salvelinus alpinus. The southern and northern Dolly Varden also have clear karyological differences. Nevertheless, there has been gene exchange between the southern and northern Dolly Varden populations.[1][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ E. A. Salmenkova and V. T. Omelchenko (2013) Genetic Divergence and Taxonomic Status of Chars of the Genus Salvelinus Biology Bulletin Reviews, 3, 481–492.
  2. ^ Evgeniy S. Balakirev, Nikolai S. Romanov & Francisco J. Ayala (2016) Complete mitochondrial genomes of the Northern (Salvelinus malma) and Southern (Salvelinus curilus) Dolly Varden chars (Salmoniformes, Salmonidae) Mitochondrial DNA Part A: DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis 27, 1016-1017