Guiyang Miao language

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Guiyang Miao
Hmong
Native toChina
RegionGuizhou
Native speakers
190,000 (1995)[1]
Dialects
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
huj – Northern
hmy – Southern
hmg – Southwestern
Glottologguiy1235[2]

Guiyang Miao, also known as Guiyang Hmong, is a Miao language of China. It is named after Guiyang County, Guizhou, though not all varieties are spoken there. The endonym is Hmong, a name it shares with the Hmong language.

Classification[edit]

Guiyang was given as a subgroup of Western Hmongic in Wang (1985).[3] Matisoff (2001) separated the three varieties as distinct Miao languages, not forming a group. Wang (1994) adds another two minor, previously unclassified varieties.[4]

  • Northern
  • Southern
  • Southwestern
  • Northwestern (Qianxi 黔西)
  • South-Central (Ziyun 紫云)

Mo Piu, spoken in northern Vietnam, may be a divergent variety of Guiyang Miao.[5]

Representative dialects of Guiyang Miao include:[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Northern at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Southern at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Southwestern at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Guiyang". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ 王辅世主编,《苗语简志》,民族出版社,1985年。
  4. ^ 李云兵,《苗语方言划分遗留问题研究》,中央民族大学出版社,2000年。
  5. ^ Jean-Cyrille Ly Van Tu & Alice Vittrant (2014). Place of Mơ Piu in the Hmong Group: A Proposal. Paper presented at SEALS 24, Yangon, Myanmar.
  6. ^ Mortensen, David (2004). “The Development of Tone Sandhi in Western Hmongic: A New Hypothesis”. Unpublished, UC Berkeley. http://www.pitt.edu/~drm31/development_whmongic_tone_sandhi.pdf