Southern Illinois University School of Medicine

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Southern Illinois University School of Medicine
SIU School Of Medicine Logo.png
Southern Illinois University School of Medicine
Type Public
Established 1970
Provost Jerry Kruse, MD, MSPH
Dean Jerry Kruse, MD, MSPH
Academic staff
325[1]
Administrative staff
262[1]
Students 285[1]
Location Springfield, Illinois, USA
Coordinates: 39°48′36″N 89°39′28″W / 39.810096°N 89.657652°W / 39.810096; -89.657652
Residents 325
Website www.siumed.edu
SIU programs are located in 23 buildings in Springfield; 5 buildings in Carbondale; and Family Medicine Centers in Carbondale, Decatur, Quincy, Springfield and West Frankfort.

Southern Illinois University School of Medicine is a medical school located in Springfield, the capital of the U.S. state of Illinois. It is part of the Southern Illinois University system, which includes a campus in Edwardsville as well as the flagship in Carbondale. The medical school was founded in 1970 and achieved full accreditation in 1972.[2] It was originally founded to relieve a chronic shortage of physicians in downstate Illinois.

Notability[edit]

SIU is the only medical school in Illinois with its main campus outside of Chicago or its suburbs (although the University of Illinois maintains satellites in Champaign-Urbana, Peoria and Rockford). SIU was early to incorporate problem-based learning (PBL) into their curricula (see below) and "standardized patients" for medical student testing purposes. Being able to interact with standardized patients now comprises the majority of one of the four major exams that all US allopathic medical students must pass (the USMLE Step 2 Clinical Skills).[3] SIU students begin care of patients in a clinical setting within the first two weeks of classes. By the end of their first trimester, they are tested on their ability to obtain medical histories from, examine, and diagnose the diseases simulated by standardized patients. Such education measures and SIU's large primary care faculty led US News and World Report to rank SIU in the top 10 medical schools in the country for primary care in the early 1990s.[4] SIU students also receive in depth training in medicolegal issues thanks to the medical school's close relationship with the Southern Illinois University School of Law and the retention of attorneys on its Springfield faculty in the Department of Medical Humanities.[5] In 2013, SIU School of Medicine was the only medical school in the world to receive three international ASPIRE awards for medical education from the International Association for Medical Education (AMEE). In 2015, the School of Medicine received its second consecutive LCME accreditation with no findings of concern – a rare achievement among medical schools. In 2016, Dr. Jerry Kruse began serving as the dean and provost, only the fourth dean in the medical school's 45-year history.

Curriculum[edit]

The School of Medicine offers the following degree programs: medical, MD/MPH, MD/JD, doctoral, master's, and physician assistant studies.

The School of Medicine has more than 300 full-time faculty members as well as more than 900 part-time and volunteer faculty members. Medical students spend the first year at the main campus of Southern Illinois University in Carbondale before moving to Springfield. Physician assistant students learn during their first year at the Carbondale campus.

SIU-Med employs problem-based learning, which involves using small groups of students, along with a faculty mentor. The students are presented with a clinical scenario and must approach it as if they were trying to diagnose and treat a real patient. Each clinical scenario is accessed on a secure website that provides information about the patient. When the students face basic science and clinical problems that they do not know, they incorporate these issues into a list and divide the list amongst themselves for self-directed learning. At their next faculty-supervised meeting, the students teach each other what they have learned, with input also provided on the topics by the faculty member. Each case also has set learning issues, so that all students in all the small groups within the class learn the objectives planned by the faculty in both basic and clinical science for that particular case. Each case is designed to be completed over three meetings lasting around 9 hours in total. This style of learning is also used with traditional lectures and laboratory sessions over the first two years of medical school. Simulated patients and nurse educators are also used to assist with learning clinical skills. Since it is more interactive, these methods promote better problem-solving skills useful in real life situations than traditional lecture-based learning. Nearly every medical school in the U.S. uses the problem-based learning model.

Patient care[edit]

Training programs in Springfield are supported primarily by the city's two large tertiary care hospitals – Memorial Medical Center (507 beds) and HSHS St. John’s Hospital (431 beds). Combined, these hospitals have more than 45,000 admissions and more than 123,000 emergency room visits annually. Services include the only Level 1 trauma center in the area between Peoria and St. Louis and a regional burn center. SIU has additional affiliations with hospitals in Quincy, Decatur and Carbondale. Outreach clinics go to 100 sites in 46 communities. SIU partners with many hospitals and addition clinics in other communities in central and southern Illinois.

To complement the hospital-based setting, SIU HealthCare, the ambulatory clinics of SIU School of Medicine, employ nearly 300 full-time physicians who supervise more than 477,000 clinic visits per year in our primary and specialty care clinics as well as approximately 145,000 hospital visits. The patient base of the Springfield region includes more than 500,000 people in at least 10 counties.

The Simmons Cancer Institute at SIU has dedicated clinics for patients with breast, colorectal, gynecologic, head and neck, hematologic, skin, pediatric, prostate, and lung cancer.

Research[edit]

Research at SIU School of Medicine, as of 2016, consists of numerous projects underway in 100-plus laboratories. Notable areas of research include hearing loss, including tinnitus, noise-induced and age-related hearing loss, Alzheimer's Disease and aging. One of the other leading areas of research at SIU is in oncology, with the Simmons Cancer Institute at SIU being the largest oncology facility in Illinois outside of Chicago. Ongoing research includes projects on basic molecular mechanism of tumorigenesis, identifying molecular biomarkers for early detection of cancer, developing an effective vaccine against herpes simplex and identifying targets for molecular level cancer treatment. The Springfield Combined Laboratory Facility is a five-story building, and an additional facility that houses immunology and virology laboratories and a biomedical research imaging suite. The Springfield and Carbondale campuses have multiple other medical research buildings.

Residency programs[edit]

SIU School of Medicine offers 21 residency programs in dermatology, emergency medicine, family medicine (4 programs at 4 sites), general surgery, internal medicine, medicine and psychiatry, neurology, neurological surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, orthopaedics and rehabilitation, otolaryngology, pediatrics, plastic and reconstructive surgery, psychiatry, radiology, urology and vascular surgery.[6] It has fellowships in adult reconstruction, andrology, child psychiatry, colorectal surgery, endocrinology, hand surgery, head and neck oncology, infectious diseases, minimally invasive gynecologic surgery, pulmonary medicine, spine surgery, sports medicine and vascular surgery.[6]

Library and budget[edit]

The SIU School of Medicine Medical Library houses more than 108,000 volumes, 3,300 print and electronic periodicals, 3,900 audiovisual programs, and a collection of historical medical documents. SIU's total annual budget is approximately $159 million; $10.8 million is from state appropriations.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "SIU School of Medicine Office of Public Affairs". Siumed.edu. 2016-04-13. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  2. ^ "Historical Overview of SIU School of Medicine". Siumed.edu. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  3. ^ "United States Medical Licensing Examination | Step 2 CS (Clinical Skills)". Usmle.org. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  4. ^ U.S. News & World Report; 3/18/96, Vol. 120 Issue 11, p96
  5. ^ "Medical Humanities, SIU School of Medicine". Siumed.edu. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  6. ^ a b "SIU School of Medicine Residency and Fellowship Programs". Siumed.edu. 2016-02-11. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  7. ^ "SIU School of Medicine Office of Public Affairs". Siumed.edu. 2016-04-13. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 

External links[edit]