Radeon HD 7000 Series
|Release date||Announced: December 22, 2011
Released: January 9, 2012
|Fabrication process and transistors||
|Entry-level||73xx - 76xx|
|Enthusiast||7950, 7970, 7990|
|Direct3D||Direct3D 11.2 and Direct3D 12.0 (GCN only)
Shader Model 5.0
|OpenCL||OpenCL 1.2 (2.1 for R7 7790)|
|Predecessor||Radeon HD 6000 Series|
|Variant||Radeon HD 8000 Series|
|Successor||Radeon Rx 200 Series|
The Radeon HD 7000 Series, based on "Southern Islands", is further products series in the family of Radeon GPUs developed by AMD. AMD builds Southern Islands series graphics chips based on the 28 nm manufacturing process at TSMC. The primary competitor of Southern Islands, Nvidia's GeForce 600 Series (also manufactured at TSMC), also shipped during Q1 2012, largely due to the immaturity of the 28 nm process.
- 1 Architecture
- 2 Desktop products
- 3 Chipset table
- 4 Mobile products
- 5 Integrated (IGP) products
- 6 Graphics device drivers
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes
- 9 References
- 10 External links
- A GPU implementing Graphics Core Next is found on the Radeon HD 7730 and above branded discrete GPUs.
- A GPU implementing TeraScale (microarchitecture) version "Evergreen (VLIW5)" is found on Radeon HD 7670 and below branded discrete GPUs.
- A GPU implementing TeraScale (microarchitecture) version "Northern Island (VLIW4)" is found on APUs whose GPUs are branded with the Radeon HD 7000 series.
Both Unified Video Decoder (UVD) and Video Coding Engine (VCE) are present on the dies of all products and supported by AMD Catalyst and by the free and open-source graphics device driver#ATI/AMD.
The 28 nm product line is divided in three dies (Tahiti, Pitcairn, and Cape Verde), each one roughly double in shader units compared to its small brethren (32, 20, and respectively 10 GCN compute units). While this gives roughly a doubling of single-precision floating point, there is however a significant departure in double-precision compute power. Tahiti has a maximum ¼ double precision throughput relative to its single precision throughput, while the other two smaller consumer dies can only achieve a 1/16 ratio. While each bigger die has two additional memory controllers widening its bus by 128 bits, Pitcairn however has the same front-end dual tesselator units as Tahiti giving it similar performance to its larger brethren in DX11 tessellation benchmarks.
Radeon HD 7900
Codenamed Tahiti, the Radeon HD 7900 series was announced on December 22, 2011. Products include the Radeon 7970 GHz Edition, Radeon HD 7970 and Radeon HD 7950. The Radeon HD 7970 features 2048 usable stream cores,[a] whereas the Radeon HD 7950 has 1792 usable stream cores, as 256 out of the 2048 cores are disabled during product binning which detects defective areas of a chip. The cards are the first products to take advantage of AMD's new "Graphics Core Next" compute architecture. Both cards are equipped with 3 GB GDDR5 memory and manufactured on TSMC's 28 nm process. The Tahiti GPU is also used in the Radeon HD 7870 XT, released November 19, 2012. In this case one quarter of the stream processors are disabled, giving 1536 usable cores. Additionally, the memory interface is downgraded from 384-bit to 256-bit, along with a memory size reduction from 3 GB to 2 GB.
Radeon HD 7800
Codenamed Pitcairn, the Radeon HD 7800 series was formally unveiled on March 5, 2012, with retail availability from March 19, 2012. Products include the Radeon HD 7870 and Radeon HD 7850. The Radeon HD 7870 features 1280 usable stream cores, whereas the Radeon HD 7850 has 1024 usable stream cores. Both cards are equipped with 2 GB GDDR5 memory and manufactured on TSMC's 28 nm process.
Radeon HD 7700
Codenamed Cape Verde, the Radeon HD 7700 series was released on February 15, 2012. Products include the Radeon HD 7770 GHz Edition and Radeon HD 7750. The Radeon HD 7770 GHz Edition features 640 stream cores based on the GCN architecture, whereas the Radeon HD 7750 has only 512 usable stream cores. Both cards are equipped with 1 GB GDDR5 memory and manufactured in 28 nm. On March 22, 2013 another card, Radeon HD 7790, was introduced in this series. This card is based on the Bonaire architecture, which features 896 stream cores using GCN 1.1 technology, an incremental update. On May 2013, AMD launched the Radeon HD 7730, based on the Cape Verde LE graphics processor. It features a 128-bit memory bus, 384 stream cores, 8 ROPs, and a core clock speed of up to 800MHz. The HD 7730 came with GDDR5 and DDR3 variants, running on memory clock speeds of 1125MHz and 900MHz, respectively. Idle power usage was lowered by 14.5% (47W) compared to the Radeon HD 7750 (55W).
Southern Islands (HD 7xxx) Series
- All models up to including HD 76xx based on TeraScale 2 (VLIW5), HD 77xx - 79xx are based on GCN 1.0 (Graphics Core Next) architecture except the HD 7790 which is based on GCN 1.1.
- GPUs based on the GCN (Graphics Core Next) architecture, all support Direct X 11.2 and 12.0 with the latest drivers (Initially came with DirectX 11.1 support) and also support the Mantle and Vulkan API.
- HD 7790 model is designed more like the 7800/7900 models rather than the 7700 featuring 2x primitive rate instead of 1x which is found in the other 7700 cards.
- Bonaire is in the Caribbean Sea, Malta is in the Mediterranean Sea. These parts are reverse rebranded out of the Sea Island Series to appear in the 7000 Series in 2013.[clarification needed]
- Bonaire XT is the only card in the 7000 series to support True Audio.
- The HD 7990 "Malta" was discontinued few months after its release.
- According to AMD CodeXL, HD 7990's code name is New Zealand.
- HD 7790 Caution: In Windows XP (Clean DirectX 9) the Performance (GFlop) is lower than a HD4770 (960 GFlops)
|Model||Launch||Code name||Fab (nm)||Transistors (Million)||Die Size (mm2)||Bus interface||Clock rate||Config core1||Fillrate||Memory2||Processing Power
|TDP3 (W)||API support (version)||Release Price (USD)|
|Core (MHz)||Boost (MHz)||Memory (MHz)||Pixel (GP/s)||Texture (GT/s)||Size (MB)||Bandwidth (GB/s)||Bus type||Bus width (bit)||Single Precision||Double Precision||Idle||Max.||DirectX||OpenGL||OpenCL|
|Radeon HD 7350||Jan 2012 (OEM)||Cedar||40||292||59||PCIe 2.1 ×16||400
|Radeon HD 7450||Jan 2012 (OEM)||Caicos||40||370||67||PCIe 2.1 ×16||625
|Radeon HD 7470||Jan 2012 (OEM)||Caicos||40||370||67||PCIe 2.1 ×16||625
|Radeon HD 7510||Feb 2013 (OEM)||Turks LE||40||716||118||PCIe 2.1 ×16||650||667||320:16:4||2.6||10.4||1024||21.3||GDDR3||128||416||No||11.0||4.1||1.2||OEM|
|Radeon HD 7570||Jan 2012 (OEM)||Turks PRO-L||40||716||118||PCIe 2.1 ×16||650||900
|Radeon HD 7670||Jan 2012 (OEM)||Turks XT||40||716||118||PCIe 2.1 ×16||800||1000||480:24:8||6.4||19.2||512
|Radeon HD 7730||April, 2013||Cape Verde LE||28||1500||123||PCIe 3.0 ×16||800||1125||384:24:8||6.4||19.2||1024||25.6
|Radeon HD 7750||Feb 15, 2012||Cape Verde PRO||28||1500||123||PCIe 3.0 ×16||800
|Radeon HD 7770
|Feb 15, 2012||Cape Verde XT||28||1500||123||PCIe 3.0 ×16||1000||1125||640:40:16||16||40||1024
|Radeon HD 7790||Mar 22, 2013||Bonaire XT||28||2080||160||PCIe 3.0 ×16||1000||1500||896:56:16||16.0||56.0||1024
|Radeon HD 7850||Mar 19, 2012||Pitcairn PRO||28||2800||212||PCIe 3.0 ×16||860||1200||1024:64:32||27.52||55.04||1024
|Radeon HD 7870
|Mar 19, 2012||Pitcairn XT||28||2800||212||PCIe 3.0 ×16||1000||1200||1280:80:32||32||80||2048||153.6||GDDR5||256||2560||160||10||175||12.0||4.4||1.2||$350|
|Radeon HD 7870 XT||Nov 19, 2012||Tahiti LE||28||4313||352||PCIe 3.0 ×16||925||975||1500||1536:96:32||29.6||88.8||2048||192.0||GDDR5||256||2841.6
|Radeon HD 7950||Jan 31, 2012||Tahiti PRO
|28||4313||352||PCIe 3.0 ×16||800||1250||1792:112:32||25.6||89.6||3072||240||GDDR5||384||2867.2||717||15||200||12.0||4.4||1.2||$450|
|Radeon HD 7950 Boost||Aug 14, 2012||Tahiti PRO2
|28||4313||352||PCIe 3.0 ×16||850||925||1250||1792:112:32||29.6||103.6||3072||240||GDDR5||384||3046.4
|Radeon HD 7970||Jan 9, 2012||Tahiti XT||28||4313||352||PCIe 3.0 ×16||925||1375||2048:128:32||29.6||118.4||3072
|Radeon HD 7970
|Jun 22, 2012||Tahiti XT2||28||4313||352||PCIe 3.0 ×16||1000||1050||1500||2048:128:32||32||128.0||3072
|Radeon HD 7990||Apr 24, 2013||New Zealand||28||4313 ×2||352 ×2||PCIe 3.0 ×16||950||1000||1500||2048:128:32 ×2||32 ×2||128 ×2||3072 ×2||288 ×2||GDDR5||384 ×2||8200||1894||15||375||12.0||4.4||1.2||$1000|
|Model||Launch||Code name||Fab (nm)||Transistors (Million)||Die Size (mm2)||Bus interface||Core (MHz)||Boost (MHz)||Memory (MHz)||Config core1||Pixel (GP/s)||Texture (GT/s)||Size (MB)||Bandwidth (GB/s)||Bus type||Bus width (bit)||Single Precision||Double Precision||Idle||Max.||DirectX||OpenGL||OpenCL||Release Price (USD)|
|Clock rate||Fillrate||Memory2||Processing Power
|TDP3 (W)||API support (version)|
1 Unified shaders : Texture mapping units : Render output units
2 The effective data transfer rate of GDDR5 is quadruple its nominal clock, instead of double as with other DDR memory.
3 The TDP is reference design TDP values from AMD. Different non-reference board designs from vendors may lead to slight variations in actual TDP.
IGP (HD 7xxx)
- All models include DirectX 11, OpenGL 4.4 and OpenCL 1.2
- All models feature the UNB/MC Bus interface
- All models do not feature double-precision FP
- All models feature angle independent anisotropic filtering, UVD3.2, and Eyefinity capabilities, with up to four outputs.
- All models are based on the TeraScale 3 (VLIW4) used in the Radeon HD 69xx Series (Cayman) GPUs.
|Model||Released||Code name||Fab (nm)||Core Clock (MHz)||Config core||Fillrate||Shared Memory||GFLOPS||Combined TDP1 (W)||APU|
|Pixel (GP/s)||Texture (GT/s)||Bandwidth (GB/s)||Bus type||Bus width (bit)||Idle||Max.|
|Radeon HD 7480D||June 1, 2012||Scrapper||32||723||128:8:4||2.87||5.76||25.6||DDR3-1600||128||185||Unknown||65||A4-4000 A4-5300|
|Radeon HD 7540D||June 1, 2012||Devastator||32||760||192:12:4||3.02||9.12||29.9||DDR3-1866||128||292||Unknown||65||A6-5400K|
|Radeon HD 7560D||June 1, 2012||Devastator||32||760||256:16:8||6.08||12.16||29.9||DDR3-1866||128||389||Unknown||65 - 100||A8-5500 A8-5600K|
|Radeon HD 7660D||June 1, 2012||Devastator||32||760
|Unknown||65 - 100||A10-5700 (760 MHz) A10-5800K (800 MHz)|
1TDP specified for AMD reference designs, includes CPU power consumption. Actual TDP of retail products may vary.
Integrated (IGP) products
Trinity APU Series (HD 7xxxD)
- CPU: Piledriver-cores
- GPU: TeraScale 3 (VLIW4), without support for Mantle
- All models feature the UNB/MC Bus I/O interface
- All models should support double-precision FP at 1/16 rate.
- All models include DirectX 11.0, OpenGL 4.2 and OpenCL 1.2
- All models feature Angle independent anisotropic filtering, Video Coding Engine, UVD 3.2, and AMD Eyefinity multi-monitor with up to 4 displays through DisplayPort
|Model||Released||Code name||Fab (nm)||Core Clock (MHz)||Config core1||Fillrate||Shared Memory||GFLOPS||Combined TDP2 (W)||Notes|
|Pixel (GP/s)||Texture (GT/s)||Bandwidth (GB/s)||Bus type||Bus width (bit)||Idle||Max.|
|Radeon HD 7480D||June 1, 2012||Devastator||32||723||128:8:4||?||?||25.6||DDR3-1600||128||185||Unknown||65||used in A4-5300 APU|
|Radeon HD 7540D||June 1, 2012||Devastator||760||192:12:4||?||?||29.9||DDR3-1866||128||292||Unknown||65||used in A6-5400K APU|
|Radeon HD 7560D||June 1, 2012||Devastator||760||256:16:4||?||?||29.9||DDR3-1866||128||389||Unknown||65-100||used in A8-5500 and A8-5600K APUs|
|Radeon HD 7660D||June 1, 2012||Devastator||760-800||384:24:8||2.7||16.2||29.9||DDR3-1866||128||584-614||Unknown||65-100||used in A10-5700 (760 MHz) and A10-5800K (800 MHz) APUs|
|Clock rate (MHz)||Config core1||Fillrate||Shared memory||GFLOPS (Single-precision)|
|Core (Base)||Core (Boost)||Pixel (GP/s)||Texture (GT/s)||Bandwidth (GB/s)||Bus type2||Bus width (bit)|
|Radeon HD 7400G||September 1, 2012||-||32||327||424||192:12:4||1.31||3.92||21.33 to 34.13||DDR3-1333 to 2133||128||125.57|
|Radeon HD 7420G||June 1, 2012||Scrapper||480||655||128:8:4||1.92||3.84||122.88|
|Radeon HD 7500G||May 15, 2012||-||327||424||256:16:8||2.62||5.23||167.42|
|Radeon HD 7520G||June 1, 2012||Scrapper||496||685||192:12:4||1.98||5.95||190.46|
|Radeon HD 7600G||September 1, 2012||-||320||424||384:24:8||2.56||7.68||245.76|
|Radeon HD 7620G||May 15, 2012||-||360||497||384:24:8||2.88||8.64||276.48|
|Radeon HD 7640G||May 15, 2012||Devastator||496||685||256:16:8||3.97||7.94||253.95|
|Radeon HD 7660G||May 15, 2012||Devastator||496||685||384:24:8||3.97||11.9||380.93|
TDP specified for AMD reference designs, includes CPU power consumption. Actual TDP of retail products may vary.
Graphics device drivers
AMD's proprietary graphics device driver "Catalyst"
AMD Catalyst is being developed for Microsoft Windows and Linux. As of July 2014, other operating system are not officially supported. This may be different for the AMD FirePro brand, which is based on identical hardware but features OpenGL-certified graphics device drivers.
AMD Catalyst supports of course all features advertised for the Radeon brand.
Free and open-source graphics device driver "Radeon"
The free and open-source drivers are primarily developed on Linux and for Linux, but have been ported to other operating systems as well. Each driver is composed out of five parts:
- Linux kernel component DRM
- Linux kernel component KMS driver: basically the device driver for the display controller
- user-space component libDRM
- user-space component in Mesa 3D;
- a special and distinct 2D graphics device driver for X.Org Server, which if finally about to be replaced by Glamor
The free and open-source "Radeon" graphics driver supports most of the features implemented into the Radeon line of GPUs.
The free and open-source "Radeon" graphics device drivers are not reverse engineered, but based on documentation released by AMD.
- "AMD Catalyst™ 14.4 Windows® Release Notes". AMD. 2014-04-29. Retrieved 2014-08-11.
- Demerjian, Charlie (April 6, 2011). "AMD will out the 'Southern Islands' GPU architecture early". SemiAccurate. Archived from the original on October 1, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- "Report: TSMC wins key 40-, 28-nm deals". EETimes. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-28.
- Charlie Demerjian (July 19, 2011). "Southern Islands, Kepler, and Apple’s A6 process puzzle outed". Retrieved December 1, 2013.
- "AMD Eyefinity: FAQ". AMD. 2011-05-17. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
- "Review: AMD Radeon HD 7850 & 7870" (in French). BeHardware. March 5, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
- Gaster, Benedict; Howes, Lee; Kaeli, David R.; Mistry, Perhaad; Schaa, Dana (2012). Heterogeneous Computing with OpenCL: Revised OpenCL 1.2 Edition. Morgan Kaufmann.
- "AMD Radeon HD 7870 GHz Edition & Radeon HD 7850 Review: Rounding Out Southern Islands". AnandTech. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
- "AMD launches Radeon 7790: Meet the Xbox 720's GPU". ExtremeTech. 2013-03-22. Retrieved 2013-11-10.
- "AMD OpenCL 2.0 Driver". support.amd.com/. AMD. Retrieved 2015-02-18.
- "Berechnungen mit doppelter Genauigkeit auf GPU-Teil von Trinity möglich". Planet3dnow.de. August 13, 2013. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
- "RadeonFeature". Xorg.freedesktop.org. Retrieved 2014-07-06.
- "AMD Developer Guideds".