Southern Kurdish

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Southern Kurdish
Kurdish: کوردیی باشووری ,کوردی خوارگ
Native toEastern Iraq, Western Iran
Native speakers
3,000,000 in Iran (2000)[1]
Dialects
  • Bayray
  • Feyli
  • Garrusi (Bijari)
  • Kermanshahi
  • Kolyai
  • Kordali
  • Malekshahi
  • Sanjabi
  • Laki
  • Kalhori
  • Zangana
Perso-Arabic (Sorani alphabet), Latin alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3sdh
Glottologsout2640[2]
Linguasphere58-AAA-c
SOUTHERN KURDISH.JPG
Kurdish languages map.svg
Geographic distribution of Kurdish and other Iranian languages spoken by Kurds

Southern Kurdish (Kurdish: کوردیی باشووری ,کوردی خوارگ‎, romanized: Kurdiyî başûrî, Kurdiyî xwarig),[3] also known as Kurdî Xwarîn is a Kurdish dialect predominantly spoken in Eastern Iraq and Western Iran.[4] In Iran, it is spoken in the provinces of Kermanshah and Ilam. In Iraq, it is spoken in the region of Khanaqin, all the way to Mandali. It is also the dialect of the populous Kurdish Kakayî tribes near Kirkuk and most Yarsani Kurds in Kermanshah Province. There are also populous diasporas of Southern Kurdish-speakers found in the Alburz mountains.

Native speakers use various different alphabets to write Southern Kurdish, the most common ones are extensions of the standard Kurdish alphabets.

Dialects and Subdialects[edit]

The subdialects of Southern Kurdish are:[5]

  • Kermanshahi is spoken mostly in Western Iran, in and around the city of Kermanshah.
  • Feyli: referring to the Feyli tribe; also known as Ilami, after Ilam Province. It is spoken in Eastern Iraq in the Khanaqin region of Diyala Governorate near the Iranian border and in Western Iran in Ilam province and parts of Kermanshah province, by the Feyli Kurds. Mahaki is a sub-dialect. It is spoken by the tribe of Ali Sherwan (Beyrey) in Ilam and by almost all Feyli Kurds in Baghdad, Mandali, Badrah and Zorbatiah in Iraq. It shares many features with Sorani.[6]
  • Garrusi
  • Malekshahi
  • Sanjâbi: referring to the language of the Sanjâbi tribe.
  • Laki(Dialect)
  • Kalhori(Dialect): referring to the Kalhor tribe.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Kamandar Fattah, Les Dialectes kurdes méridionaux: étude linguistique et dialectologique. Louvain, Peeters, 2000, p. 55-62.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Southern Kurdish at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Southern Kurdish". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ "Kurdish, Southern". Ethnologue. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  4. ^ "Kurdish language i. History of the Kurdish language". Iranica Online. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  5. ^ "OLAC resources in and about the Southern Kurdish language". University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  6. ^ Vahid-e-Ranjbar, Dastur-e Zaban-e Kurdi-ye Kermanshahi. Kermanshah: Taq-Bostan. 1388

External links[edit]