Southern Liang (Sixteen Kingdoms)
Southern Liang (南涼)
|Status||Vassal of Later Qin|
Ledu (399, 402-406, 410-414)
• Tufa Rutan's entry into Guzang
• Tufa Rutan's defeat by Liu Bobo at Yangwu
• Tufa Rutan's reassertion of own era name
• Tufa Rutan's death
|Today part of||China|
The Southern Liang (Chinese: 南凉; pinyin: Nánliáng, 397-414) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin Dynasty (265-420) in China. The founding family Tufa was of Xianbei ethnicity and distant relative of the Tuoba imperial house of Northern Wei. According to the Jin Shu, the name was changed from Tuoba to Tufa because one of the Tufa ancestors was born on a blanket, and in the Xianbei language, "Tufa" meant "blanket."
All rulers of the Southern Liang proclaimed themselves "Wang".
Rulers of the Southern Liang
|Temple names||Posthumous names||Family names and given name||Durations of reigns||Era names and their according durations|
|Liezu (烈祖 Lièzǔ)||Wu (武 Wǔ)||Tufa Wugu (禿髮烏孤 Tūfǎ Wūgū)||397-399||Taichu (太初 Tàichū) 397-399|
|Did not exist||Kang (康 Kāng)||Tufa Lilugu (禿髮利鹿孤 Tūfǎ Lìlùgū)||399-402||Jianhe (建和 Jiànhé) 399-402|
|Did not exist||Jing (景 Jǐng)||Tufa Rutan (禿髮傉檀 Tūfǎ Rǔtán)||402-414||Hongchang (弘昌 Hóngchāng) 402-404|
Jiaping (嘉平 Jiāpíng) 409-414
The family tree of Southern Liang rulers
- Cui Hong. "南涼錄" [Record of Southern Liang]. Shiliuguo Chunqiu. Volume 12. Retrieved 21 September 2011.