Southern Nilotic languages
|western Kenya, eastern Uganda, northern Tanzania|
The Southern Nilotic languages are spoken mainly in western Kenya and northern Tanzania (with one of them, Kupsabiny or Sapiny, being spoken on the Ugandan side of Mount Elgon). They form a division of the larger Nilotic language family, along with the Western Nilotic languages and the Eastern Nilotic languages.
The Southern Nilotic languages are generally divided into two groups, Kalenjin and Tatogoa, although there is some uncertainty as to the internal coherence of the Kalenjin branch. Southern Nilotic languages appear to have been influenced considerably by Cushitic (Afro-Asiatic) languages. The Kalenjin languages are spoken by the Kalenjin people. This family spreads all around Uganda and to some of Kenya. The Tatoga languages consist of the Omotik language and of the larger Datooga language, or more fitting, Datooga dialect cluster.
- Kupsabiny language
- Sabaot language
- Datooga language
- Omotik language
- Okiek language
- Kipsigis language
Proto-Kalenjin has been reconstructed by Rottland (1979).
- Languages of Kenya
- Languages of Tanzania
- Languages of Uganda
- Serengeti-Dorobo language, of which at least the numeral system is Southern or Eastern Nilotic
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Southern Nilotic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Rottland, Franz (1982) Die Südnilotischen Sprachen: Beschreibung, Vergleichung und Rekonstruktion (Kölner Beiträge zur Afrikanistik vol. 7). Berlin: Dietrich Reimer.
- Rottland, Franz. 1979. The reconstruction of proto-Kalenjin. (Papers from the Inst. of African Studies (IAS), 128.) Nairobi: Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi.