Southern Railway 630

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Southern Railway 630
Southern Railway 630, in operation, posing at Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum's Grand Junction Station.
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Builder American Locomotive Company (Richmond Works)[1]
Serial number 28446[1]
Build date February 1904[1]
Configuration 2-8-0
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver dia. 56 in (1.422 m)[1]
Adhesive weight 192,000 lb (87,000 kg)
Loco weight 214,000 lb (97,000 kg)
Fuel type Coal
Boiler pressure 200 psi (1.38 MPa)
Cylinders Two, outside
Cylinder size 24 in × 30 in (610 mm × 762 mm)[1]
Valve gear Southern
Performance figures
Tractive effort 46,700 lbf (208 kN)
Factor of adh. 4.11
Operators Southern Railway
East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad
Class Ks-1
  • SOU 630
  • ET&WNC 207
Retired 1952 (SOU)
December 1967 (ET&WNC)
1989 (excursion)[2]
Restored 1968 (1st restoration)
2011 (2nd restoration)
Current owner Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum
Disposition Operational

Southern Railway 630 (commonly referred to as Southern 630) is a 2-8-0 Consolidation type steam locomotive built in February 1904 by the Richmond Works of the American Locomotive Company for the Southern Railway as a member of the Ks-1 Consolidation class.[1]


The locomotive was put into local and branch line service in Knoxville, Tennessee by Southern Railway and moved to Asheville, North Carolina to run on the Murphy Branch until it was retired from revenue freight service in November 1952.[2][1] After that, 630 and sister engine 722 were both purchased by the East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad (ET&WNC) and renumbered to 207 and 208 respectively.[3][2][1] The ET&WNC were originally offered Southern Ks-1s #685 (Baldwin, 1904) and #835 (Baldwin, 1906), but they found the #630 and #722 were in better condition than the 685 and the 835.[4]

In December 1967, Ks-1 sisters were traded back to the Southern for use in their steam excursion program and reverted to their former identities in return for a pair of former Central of Georgia Alco RS3s.[3][1] 630 and 722 pulled many excursion trains for Southern until replaced by larger steam engines to pull the longer and heavier excursion trains in 1978 and 1980.[5][2]

After that, Southern loaned 630 and 722 to the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum (TVRM) in Chattanooga, Tennessee to run their Missionary Ridge Local.[6] In the mid 1980s, 722 was taken out of service for its boiler ticket certificate and was moved by Southern's successor Norfolk Southern (NS) from TVRM to Asheville, NC to be on display at the city in 1992.[5] In November 1989, 630 was taken out of service and put in storage when TVRM are restoring another 2-8-0 steam locomotive ex-U.S. Army #610.[6]


630 being restored to operating condition in November 2010.

In March 1999, Norfolk Southern donated 630 to TVRM and entered their restoration shop (now Soule Shops) for a thorough ten year restoration starting in December 2001.[7][6][8] The locomotive returned to regular service in March 2011 and participated in the 21st Century Steam program instituted by Norfolk Southern.[7][9] However, in December 2015, Norfolk Southern had concluded their steam program and 630 continue regular operations hauling passenger trains at TVRM.[10][11][9]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Waite 2003, pp. 302-306.
  2. ^ a b c d Cooper, Beth (September–October 2011). "Rollin' out Again" (PDF). BizNS. Norfolk Southern. p. 9. Retrieved March 6, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b Wrinn 2000, pp. 19-21.
  4. ^ "RailPictures.Net Photo: SOU 685 Southern Railway Steam 2-8-0 at Asheville, North Carolina by Collection of Ron Flanary". RailPictures.Net. July 21, 1948. Archived from the original on April 12, 2017. Retrieved April 12, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b Wrinn 2000, pp. 56-57.
  6. ^ a b c "Smoke & Cinders: Volume 48, Number 3; Third Quarter 2009" (PDF). Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 29, 2010. Retrieved March 4, 2017. 
  7. ^ a b "Southern Rwy #630". WVNC Rails. Retrieved February 18, 2017. 
  8. ^ Craft, John. "Locomotives Used on Southern Railway Steam Specials, NS Steam Specials, and operated on SR/N&W/NS 1964-1994" (PDF). Retrieved March 6, 2017. 
  9. ^ a b "Equipment". Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum. Retrieved February 18, 2017. 
  10. ^ "The 21st Century Steam Program: 2011-2015". Retrieved March 4, 2017. 
  11. ^ "Norfolk Southern 21st Century Steam Specials 2016 Steam Train Excursion Schedule". Archived from the original on October 27, 2016. Retrieved March 4, 2017. 


  • Wrinn, Jim (2000), Steam's Camelot: Southern and Norfolk Southern Excursions in Color (1st ed.), TLC Publishing, ISBN 1883089565 
  • Waite, John (2003), Blue Ridge Stemwinder: An Illustrated History of the East Tennessee & Western North Carolina Railroad and the Linville River Railway (1st ed.), Overmountain Press, ISBN 1570722722 

Further reading[edit]

  • Ferrell, Mallory Hope (1991). Tweetsie Country. Johnson City, TN: The Overmountain Press. ISBN 0-932807-58-5. 
  • Tillotson, Curt, Jr. (2005), Southern Railway Steam Trains, Volume 2 - Freight (1st ed.), TLC Publishing, ISBN 0-9766201-5-4 

External links[edit]