Southern Railway zone
|Locale||Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka and Puducherry|
|Dates of operation||1951–|
|Predecessor||South Indian Railway, Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway, Mysore State Railway|
|Track gauge||Broad gauge and Metre gauge|
|Length||6,844 kilometres (4,253 mi)|
|Website||SR official website|
The Southern Railway, headquartered at Chennai, Tamil Nadu, is one of the 16 zones of Indian Railways. It is the earliest of the 16 zones of the Indian Railways created in independent India. It was created on 14 April 1951 by merging three state railways, namely, the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway, the South Indian Railway Company, and the Mysore State Railway. The South Indian Railway was originally created in the British colonial times as Great Southern India Railway Co founded in Britain in 1853 and registered in 1859. Its original headquarters was in Tiruchirappalli (Trichy) and was registered as a company in London only in 1890.
Southern Railway Divisions
Southern Railway has its headquarters in Chennai and has the following six divisions:
It covers the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Puducherry and small portions of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. More than 50 crore passengers travel on the network every year. This zone of the Indian Railways differs from the other zones of India in that its revenue is derived from passengers and not from freight.
Chennai Central, Chennai Egmore, Ernakulam Junction, Thiruvananthapuram Central, Coimbatore Junction, Kozhikode, Thrissur and Madurai Junction are the A1 graded stations under Southern Railway Division. These are the busiest and most revenue-generating stations. Ernakulam Town, Coimbatore North Junction, Aluva, Kochuveli, Tiruchirappalli Junction, Erode Junction, Tirunelveli Junction, Kannur, Kottayam, Shoranur Junction, Salem Junction, Kollam Junction, Palakkad Junction, Katpadi Junction, Mangaluru Junction and Kayamkulam Junction are some of the other major stations. Many of the major stations are being upgraded to world-class standa
The Southern Railway is headed by the General Manager (HAG+) Officer, assisted by an Additional General Manager (HAG). Each department is headed by a PHOD\CHOD of the rank of HAG\SAG.
In 1944, all Railway companies were taken over by the Government. And three years later, when India woke up to independence in 1947, the stage was set for the integration of different Railways into smaller zones. In 1948, immediately after independence, there were as many as 42 different railway systems - a multiplicity of railway administrations, varying in size and standards.
The regrouping proposals put forward by the various committees were studied in great detail to ensure that a unification could be achieved with the least disturbance and dislocation. Important associations of railway-users, Chambers of Commerce and Industry, the State Governments and acknowledged experts both in India and abroad were fully consulted.
Shri N Gopalaswamy Ayyangar - the then Minister for Railways, was the principal architect of the regrouping of Indian Railways. In December 1950, the Central Advisory Committee for Railways approved the plan for Indian Railways into six Zonal systems, namely, the Northern, the North-Eastern, the Southern, the Central, the Eastern and the Western.
The Southern Railway zone (9,654 route km) was the first zone to be formed. Created on 14 April 1951 by the merger of the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway, the South Indian Railway and the Mysore State Railway, the economic and geographical factors of this zone facilitated an early integrated network. This amalgamation was a major step towards streamlining and organizing the working pattern of the Railway system.
Shri K R Ramanujam was appointed the first General Manager of the newly formed Southern Railway.
Timeline and key events
- 1845 Madras Railway Company was launched.
- 1853 Madras Railway Company, registered in Chennai (Royapuram) began work.
- 1856 First passenger rail service began in Royapuram - Walaja Road route. Perambur loco workshop set up in Vaughan.
- 1857: Walaja road - Cuddalore route was proposed via: Katpadi, Tiruvannamalai, Tirukovilur.
- 1861: Beypore - Tirur (Kozhikode) route commissioned . Great Southern Railway of India Tiruchirappalli - Nagapattinam (broad gauge) up to 125 km from the gauge set. Walaja road - Cuddalore route was came to existence via: Tiruvannamalai, Viluppuram.
- 1862: Madras Railway Company's Tram way for local transport established in Chennai.
- 1864: Jolarpettai - Bengaluru mail began service.
- 1868: Service began in Nagapattinam - Tiruchirappalli.
- 1874: Great Southern Railway of India (SIR) renamed to South Indian Railway
- 1875: Nagapattinam - Tiruchirappalli conversion to metre gauge.
- 1879: Metre gauge line between Puducherry and Viluppuram formed according to an agreement between French Government and the British Government.
- 1891: Nilgiri mountain railway was commissioned.
- 1898: Mettupalayam (Coimbatore) - Coonoor service of Nilgiri mountain railway began. Olavakkode - Palakkad line constructed.
- 1898: Metre gauge line between Karaikal and Peralam formed according to an agreement between French Government and the British Government.
- 1899: Chennai - Vijayawada passenger service began. Boat Mail from Chennai to Ceylon, with passenger ship with a connecting service between Dhanushkodi (Rameswaram) and Ceylon started.
- 1902: Ernakulam - Shoranur path was set up.
- 1904: Kollam - Sengottai line was constructed.
- 1907: Mangaluru - Kozhikode line was constructed.
- 1908: Chennai Egmore railway station was built.
- 1918: Kollam - Thiruvananthapuram line was built.
- 1927: Shoranur - Nilambur line constructed.
- 1929: Chennai suburban railway service began.
- 1931: Chennai Beach to Tambaram metre gauge electric train service started.
- 1934: Ernakulam - Shoranur gauge conversion.
- 1951: Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway, the South Indian Railway Company, and the Mysore State Railway were united to form a new zone of the Southern Railway.
- 24-12-1952 Ernakulam - Kollam MG line - turning of first sod by Shri Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India.
- 16-05-1956 Formation of Divisions in Southern Railway
- 23-08-1957 Opening of Renigunta - Gudur broad gauge section
- 00-01-1958 Opening of Ernakulam - Kollam metre gauge line
- 00-00-1958 Establishment of S & T workshop Podanur
- 01-09-1963 opening of Virudhunagar - Aruppukkottai metre gauge line
- 02-05-1964 opening of Aruppukkottai -Manamadurai metre gauge line
- 00-01-1965 Conversion of DC 1.5 kV electrified system to 25 kV AC system from Chennai Beach to Tambaram
- 02-10-1966 Creation of South-Central Railway and handing over of Bezwada, Guntakal and Hubli Divisions to SC Railway
- 23-11-1975 Broad gauge conversion of Ernakulam - Kollam MG section
- 13-09-1976 Inauguration of Thiruvananthapuram - Ernakulam BG section via Kottayam
- 00-00-1976 Tamil Nadu Express from New Delhi - Chennai Central started its operation.
- 15-07-1977 A train woke up the people of Madurai early in the morning. It was on that day at 6 am sharp that train no 135 down Vaigai Express began its inaugural journey from Madurai to Madras Egmore, with 16 yellow and green livery coaches and a matching YDM4 diesel loco, average Speed Of 70 km/h was recorded.
- 13-04-1979 Electrification of Chennai - Gummidipundi section
- 20-05-1979 Inauguration of Mangaluru - Hassan MG line
- 09-08-1979 Electrification of Chennai Beach - Korukkupet - Madras Central
- 02-10-1979 Creation of Thiruvananthapuram Division
- 29-11-1979 Electrification Chennai - Tiruvallur section
- 27-07-1981 Creation of Bengaluru Division
- 03-09-1982 Electrification of Tiruvallur - Arakkonam section
- 11-08-1984 Electrified train services Between Chennai - Katpadi
- 00-00-1984 Vaigai Express was bifurcated into Vaigai and Pallavan Express.
- 00-00-1985 Phasing out BG Steam locomotives
- 14-04-1987 Inauguration of EMU service Chennai - Avadi
- 25-07-1987 First solid state interlocking in Indian Railways at Srirangam Station
- 02-10-1987 Introduction of Computerised Passenger Reservation
- 06-08-1988 Inauguration of Karur - Dindigul BG line
- 15-10-1989 Opening of Ernakulam – Alappuzha BG line
- 16-09-1991 Inauguration of MRTS project between Madras Beach - Park Town
- 01-11-1992 Introduction of first Rajdhani Express in Southern Railway between Bengaluru - Nizamuddin
- 20-11-1992 Inauguration of Alappuzha - Kayamkulam BG line
- 00-03-1992 Electrification of Jolarpettai - Bangalore section
- 16-04-1993 Opening of Bengaluru - Mysuru BG line
- 21-10-1993 Inauguration of Karur - Dindigul - Madurai - Thoothukudi BG project
- 09-05-1994 Introduction of first Shatabdi Express between Chennai – Mysuru
- 31-08-1994 Inauguration of Chikjajur - Chitradurga - Rayadurg BG line
- 02-04-1995 Inauguration of Chennai Beach-Tambaram BG line
- 11-01-1997 Opening of Salem - Bengaluru BG line
- 19-10-1997 Inauguration of MRTS project between Madras Beach - Thirumayilai
- 22-08-1998 Inauguration of Tambaram - Tiruchirappalli (chord line) and Tiruchirapalli - Thanjavur opened after gauge conversion.
- 06-01-1999 Opening of Tiruchirappalli - Dindigul BG line
- 15-06-1999 Centenary Celebrations of Nilgiri Mountain Railway
- 23-07-2000 Inauguration of Electric traction between Thrissur-Ernakulam
- 13-10-2000 Opening of 100th Computerised Passenger Reservation Centre at Kovilpatti
- 30-10-2000 Commissioning of optical fibre communication link between Villupuram-Tiruchirapalli
- 22-11-2000 Inauguration of new BG line between Penukonda and Puttaparthi
- 2002: Southern Railway, Bengaluru and Mysuru divisions separated to form the South Western Railway. Ernakulam, Thrissur electrified.
- 2004: Flying train of MRTS started service from Mylapore to Thiruvanmiyur in Chennai .
- 2005: The Nilgiri Mountain train declared as one of the UNESCO World Heritage site.
- 2006: Vizhupuram - Mayiladuthurai (main line) gauge conversions started.
- 2007: First movement on Pamban bridge after broad gauge conversion.
- 2008: Virudhunagar - Manamadurai gauge conversion started.
- 2010: Vizhupuram - Mayiladuthurai (main line) services started.
- 2011: Sengottai - Punalur gauge conversion began.
- 2011: Madurai - Bodinayakkanur gauge conversion began.
- 2012: Thiruvarur - Pattukottai gauge conversion began.
- 2012: Dindugal - palani train service starts
- 14-07-2012 Virudhunagar - Manamadurai BG line opened.
- 2014: palani - pollachi train service starts
- 2015: pollachi - palagat train service starts
- Tamil Nadu Express
- Grand Trunk Express
- Kerala Express
- Mangala Lakshadweep Express
- Chennai Central Hazrat Nizamuddin Garib Rath Express
- Chennai Central–Mysuru Shatabdi Express
- Chennai Coimbatore Shatabdi Express
- Calicut Jan Shatabdi Express
- Kannur Jan Shatabdi Express
- Brindavan Express
- Netravati Express
- Ganga Kaveri Express
- Lalbagh Express
- Kanyakumari Express
- Nellai Express
- Amrita Express
- Pandian Express
- Pearl City Express
- Rockfort Express
- Himsagar Express
- Navyug Express
- Thirukural Express
- Venad Express
- Tamil Nadu Sampark Kranti Express
- Andaman Express
- Ananthapuri Express
- Thiruvananthapuram Mail
- West Coast Express
- Alleppey Express
- Kanyakumari Mumbai Express
- Nilgiri Express
- Cheran Express
- Thiruvananthapuram-Nilambur Rajya Rani Express
- Kovai Express
- Chennai Coimbatore Intercity Express
- Pallavan Express
- Tiruchirappalli – Tirunelveli Intercity Express
- Vaigai Express
- Kongu Express
- Uzhavan Express
- Guruvayur Express
- Rajkot Express
- Maveli Express
- Vanchinad Express
- Pothigai Express
- Boatmail Express
- Malabar Express
- Sethu Express
- Silambu Express
- Yercaud Express
- Yelagiri express
- Parasuram Express
- Ernad Express
- Tea Garden Express
- Mannai Express
- Cholan Express
- Chemmozhi Express
- Salem Express
- Chendur Express
- uzhavan Express
Ongoing Railway Projects
|Year||Name of the Project(s)||State||Length in km|
|1997-98||Sabari railway line||Kerala||120|
|2008-09||Attipattu-Puttur||Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh||88.3|
|2015-20||Salem-Kallakurichi via Chinnasalem||Tamil Nadu||16|
|2006-07||Tindivanam-Nagari||Tamil Nadu & Andhra Pradesh||179.2|
|Year||Name of the Project (s)||State||Length in km|
|2002-03||Punalur-Edamon-Sengottai||TN & KL||49|
|2007-08||Mayiladuturai-Karaikudi & Tiruturaipundi-Agastiyampalli||Tamil Nadu||224|
|Year||Name of the Project(s)||State||Length in km|
|2003-04||Chennai Beach-Attipattu 4th line||Tamil Nadu||22.1|
|2003-04||Chennai Beach-Korukkupettai||Tamil Nadu||4.1|
|2006-07||Kankanadi-Panamburu Patch Doubling||Karnataka||19|
|2008-09||Tiruvallur-Arakkonam 4th line||Tamil Nadu||26.83|
List of surveys done since Independence
|Route||State||Length in km|
|Nanjangud-Nilambur via Sultan Bathery||Karnataka, Kerala,||238|
|Angadippuram-Kozhikode via Malappuram||Kerala||78|
|Bulb rail line at Shoranur||Kerala||5|
|Idappalli - Tirur||Kerala||77|
|Kayankulam-Trivandrum via Adoor and Kottarakkara||Kerala||103|
|Nilambur Road - Feroke via Manjeri and Mavur||Kerala||69|
|Thakazhi-Tiruvalla - Pathanamthitta||Kerala||50|
|Nanjangud - Badagara via Vyitri,Poozhi,Hithod||Kerala, Karnataka||230|
|Madurai-Kottayam||Kerala, Tamil Nadu||234|
|Sabarimala to Dindigul||Kerala, Tamil Nadu||201|
|Arakkonam to Tindivanam via Walajapet, Ranipet and Arcot||Tamil Nadu||96|
|Chennai-Sriperumbudur via Poonamallee||Tamil Nadu||38|
|Chidambaram-Attur via Ariyalur, Perambalur||Tamil Nadu||167|
|Dindigul-Kumuli (lower camp)||Tamil Nadu||134|
|Erode to Satyamanglam||Tamil Nadu||63|
|Jolarpettai-Hossur via Krishnagiri||Tamil Nadu||101|
|Katpadi-Chennai via Guindy-Poonamallee||Tamil Nadu||212|
|Kumbakonam - Namakkal||Tamil Nadu||178|
|Madurai-Karaikkudi va Melur,Tiruppattur||Tamil Nadu||91|
|Madurai-Tuticorin via Aruppukkottai||Tamil Nadu||144|
|Manamadurai - Tuticorin||Tamil Nadu||126|
|Morappur-Dharmapuri via Mukkanur||Tamil Nadu||36|
|Needmangalam-Pattukottai via Mannargudi, Madukkur||Tamil Nadu||54|
|Satyamangalam- Mettur||Tamil Nadu||90|
|Thanjavur-Chennai Egmore via Ariyalur||Tamil Nadu||315|
|Tindivanam to Cuddalore via Pondichery||Tamil Nadu||77|
|Mettur - Chamarajnagar||Tamil Nadu, Karnataka||182|
Units of Southern Railway
Southern Railway has many factories & sheds:
- Mechanical Workshops
- Carriage, Wagon and Loco Works, Perambur, Chennai
- Central Workshop, Ponmalai, Tiruchirapalli
- Electrical & Communication
- Southern Railway Signal & Telecom Workshop, Podanur, Coimbatore
- Locomotive Sheds
- MEMU Car Shed
- EMU Car Shed
- EMU Car Shed, Avadi
- EMU Car Shed, Tambaram
- EMU Car Shed,Velachery
- BG Coaching Maintenance Depots
- Wagon Maintenance Depots
- Tondiarpet, Chennai
- Egmore, Chennai
- Kochi Harbour
- Royapuram, Chennai
- Pattibiram Military Siding
- Printing Presses
- General Printing Press, Royapuram, Chennai
- Ticket Printing Factory, Thiruvananthapuram,
- Ticket Printing Factory, Tiruchirappalli
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Southern Railway Zone, India.|
- "Southern Railway vital statistics" (PDF). Southern Railway. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
- "Origins of Southern Railway". www.hinduonnet.com. Retrieved 17 Jul 2008.
- "Southern Railways revenue generation mode". www.thehindubusinessline.com. Retrieved 17 Jul 2008.
- "Origins and history of Southern Railway" (PDF). Retrieved 14 February 2015.