After the death of Rikyu, the book was lost with its author, Nanbo Sokei, a Zen priest and Rikyu's leading disciple. About one hundred years later, in 1686, Tachibana Jitsuzan, the chief vassal of the Kuroda clan purportedly happened to find the book while heading to Edo with his lord. Tachibana set about the task of transcribing the work into five volumes, adding two further volumes when more documents came to light. He then made a fair copy of the seven volumes, and the book was named Southern Record for the first time. The collection was highly regarded as a direct record of Rikyu’s teachings and exerted a great influence on the process of the concept building of wabi-cha. However, modern researchers believe that the book contains information not from Sen no Rikyū and regard it as a forgery.
- First Scroll: Memorandum 巻一 覚書
- Second Scroll: Gatherings 巻二 会
- Third Scroll: Shelves 巻三 棚
- Fourth Scroll: Schools 巻四 書院
- Fifth Scroll: Tables 巻五 台子
- Sixth Scroll: Citations 巻六 墨引
- Seventh Scroll: Memoirs 巻七 滅後
There are two opinions regarding the origin of the book's name. The first holds that it derived from the opening passage of the work by the Chinese writer, Lu Yu, entitled Chá Ching (Cha-kyo in Japanese, The Classic of Tea or Tea Classic in English), in which he writes "Tea is a good tree in the south". The alternative view asserts that it came from the name of the original author, Nanbo Sokei.
- Volume 10, Chapter 3; 茶者南方嘉木也, 茶は南方の嘉木なり(cha wa nanpo no kaboku nari)
- Nanbo Sokei was the chief priest of Shuun-an of Nanshu-ji Temple in Sakai, Izumi Province (former Osaka Prefecture) and Rikyu’s leading disciple. He is said to have just disappeared after the sutra recitation for Rikyu’s second anniversary of death. Southern Record had been long lost since then, until it was found by Tachibana Jitsuzan. One of his most famous sayings from Southern Record is “If the roof keeps you dry, any hovel is good enough. If the food sustains your life, any diet is good enough.”
(Japanese) Enkaku-ji Hakata