Regions of Taiwan

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The regions of Taiwan are based on the historical administrative divisions. However, most of the definitions are not precise.

Division into two regions[edit]

Division into four regions[edit]

The most widely used definition is from the Council for Economic Planning and Development, Executive Yuan. This division into four regions (tetrachotomy) scheme corresponds to the prefectures under Qing dynasty rule.

No. 1 2 3 4
Name Northern Taiwan Central Taiwan Southern Taiwan Eastern Taiwan Outlying Islands
北臺灣 中臺灣 南臺灣 東臺灣 外島
Province Taiwan & 6 Special municipalities Fujian
Kaohsiung City
Map Northern Taiwan official determined.svg Central Taiwan official determined.svg Southern Taiwan official determined.svg Eastern Taiwan official determined.svg ROC Fuchien.png
New Taipei
Hsinchu City/County
Chiayi City/County
Matsu (Lienchiang)
South China Sea Islands
(governed by Cijin of Kaohsiung)
Taipeh (臺北府) Taiwan (臺灣府) Tainan (臺南府) Taitung (臺東直隸州)

Division into five regions[edit]

The scheme of division into five regions (pentachotomy) is a fusion of the tetrachotomy and hexachotomy scheme. Although no specific names are given in each division, it is the most commonly used scheme among the highest divisions of the central government. This scheme is used by the Joint Service Centers (JSC, 區域聯合服務中心) under Executive Yuan and the jurisdiction of High Court Branches (高等法院分院) under Judicial Yuan.[1]

No. Present divisions Joint Service Center High Court Branch
1 Taipei, New Taipei, Keelung, Taoyuan, Hsinchu City/County, Yilan (Headquarter) Taiwan HC (Headquarter)
2 Miaoli, Taichung, Changhua, Nantou Central Taiwan JSC Taiwan HC Taichung BC
3 Yunlin, Chiayi City/County, Tainan Yunlin-Chiayi-Tainan JSC Taiwan HC Tainan BC
4 Kaohsiung, Pingtung, Penghu Southern Taiwan JSC Taiwan HC Kaohsiung BC
5 Hualien, Taitung Eastern Taiwan JSC Taiwan HC Hualien BC
Kinmen, Matsu (Lienchiang) Kinmen-Matsu JSC Fuchien HC Kinmen BC

Division into six regions[edit]

Political division of Taiwan in 1945

The division into six regions (hexachotomy) scheme corresponds to the prefectures under Japanese rule. This scheme was used for national electoral districts in the legislative elections in 1972, 1975, 1980, 1983, and 1986. The discussion of this scheme became popular after the elections of new five municipalities in 2010.[2]

No. Name Present divisions Historical Prefectures
1 Pei–Pei–Kee–(Yi) 北北基(宜) Taipei, New Taipei, Keelung, (Yilan) Taihoku 臺北州
2 Tao-Chu-Miao 桃竹苗 Taoyuan, Hsinchu City/County, Miaoli Shinchiku 新竹州
3 Chung–Chang–Tou 中彰投 Taichung, Changhua, Nantou Taichū 臺中州
4 Yun–Chia–Nan 雲嘉南 Yunlin, Chiayi City/County, Tainan Tainan 臺南州
5 Kao–Ping(–Peng) 高屏(澎) Kaohsiung, Pingtung, (Penghu) Takao, Hōko 高雄州、澎湖廳
6 (Yi–)Hua–Tung (宜)花東 (Yilan), Hualien, Taitung Karenkō, Taitō 花蓮港廳、臺東廳
(Peng–)Kin–Ma (澎)金馬 (Penghu), Kinmen, Matsu (Lienchiang) None

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Judicial-About Us-Organization Chart-Organization Chart".
  2. ^ "前言-縣市改制直轄市資訊網".