Southern Division (Travancore)

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Southern Division
Division of Travancore
1856–1949
Location of Southern Division (Travancore)
Location of Travancore
Capital Padmanabhapuram
Government Monarchy
Historical era British Raj
 •  Established 1856
 •  Disestablished 1949
Today part of Kerala and Tamil Nadu, India

The Southern Division, or Padmanabhapuram Division till 1921 and Trivandrum Division from 1921 to 1949, was one of the administrative subdivisions of the princely state of Travancore.[1] It covered the five taluks of Agastiswaram, Eraniel, Kalkulam, Thovalay and Vilavancode and was administered by a civil servant of rank Diwan Peishkar equivalent to a District Collector in British India. The Southern division was predominantly Tamil-speaking in contrast to the other three divisions where Malayalam was spoken. In 1920, the neighbouring Trivandrum was also merged with the Southern division. In 1949, the princely state of Travancore was dissolved and the Southern Division was included in the Travancore-Cochin state of India.

In 1956, the Tamil-speaking taluks of Southern Division were transferred to the neighbouring Madras State as per the States Reorganisation Act of 1956 and forms the present-day Kanyakumari district of Tamil Nadu. The Malayalam-speaking taluks of the erstwhile Trivandrum division form the Thiruvananthapuram district of Kerala. The headquarters of the Southern Division were at Padmanabhapuram.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas Foulkes (1864). A classbook of the geography of Travancore.