Southern Uzbek language

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Southern Uzbek
اوزبیکچه, اوزبیکی, اوزبیک تورکچه
Uzbek language in nastaliq.jpg
Native toAfghanistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Tajikistan, China, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan
Native speakers
4.2 million (2017)[1]
Early forms
Official status
Official language in
 Afghanistan (3rd official language)
Recognised minority
language in
Regulated byAfghan Ministry of Education
Language codes
ISO 639-3uzs
Linguasphere44-AAB-da, db
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Southern Uzbek, also known as Afghan Uzbek, is the southern variant of the Uzbek language and an official language of Afghanistan where it is based and has up to 4.2 million speakers. It uses the Perso-Arabic writing system in contrast to the language variant of Uzbekistan.

It shares the same macrolanguage with the northern variant spoken in Uzbekistan and its spoken form is intelligible to the northern variant to a certain degree. However it has differences in grammar and much more loan words from Afghan Persian, which many of the Southern Uzbek speakers are proficient in. [4]

Southern Uzbek Alphabet[edit]

A 1911 text in Southern Uzbek

Southern Uzbek is written using the Perso-Arabic writing system called Arab Yozuv ("Arab Script"). Although it contains the same 32 letters which are used in Persian, it pronounces many of them in another way.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Southern Uzbek at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Scott Newton (20 November 2014). Law and the Making of the Soviet World: The Red Demiurge. Routledge. pp. 232–. ISBN 978-1-317-92978-9.
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Southern Uzbek". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ "Uzbek, Southern".

External links[edit]

Online Dictionary