Southern Vietnam

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Southern Vietnam (Vietnamese: Nam Bộ) is one of the three geographical regions of Vietnam, the other two being Northern and Central Vietnam. It includes 2 administrative regions, which in turn are divided into 19 First Tier units, of which 17 are provinces and 2 are municipalities. In a sub-context, "Southern Vietnam" may include part of Central Vietnam. Known as Nam Bộ today in Vietnamese, it was historically called as Gia Định (1779–1832), Nam Kỳ (1832–1945), Nam Bộ (1945–48), and Nam Phần (1948–75).

Southern Vietnam (Basse-Cochinchine in French, or Lower Cochinchina), whose principal city is Saigon, is the newest territory of the Vietnamese people in the movement of Nam tiến (Southward expansion). This region was also the first part of Vietnam to be colonized by the French as French Cochinchina. Southern Vietnam region was incorporated into the Kingdom of Funan from 1st century CE until 6th century CE.


Administrative region First Tier units Area (km²) Population (2019)[1] Population density
Southeast (Đông Nam Bộ, Miền Đông)

Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu
Bình Dương
Bình Phước
Đồng Nai
Ho Chi Minh City
Tây Ninh

23,590.70 19,101,908 683.65
Mekong River Delta (Đồng Bằng Sông Cửu Long)
or Southwest (Tây Nam Bộ, Miền Tây)

An Giang
Bến Tre
Bạc Liêu
Cà Mau
Cần Thơ
Đồng Tháp
Hậu Giang
Kiên Giang
Long An
Sóc Trăng
Tiền Giang
Trà Vinh
Vĩnh Long

40,576.00 21,015,795 434.00

^† Municipality (thành phố trực thuộc trung ương)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ General Statistics Office (2017): Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam 2015. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi

External links[edit]