Southern blue whiting

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Southern blue whiting
Micromesistius australis (southern blue whiting).gif
Drawing by Dr Tony Ayling
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Gadiformes
Family: Gadidae
Genus: Micromesistius
Species: M. australis
Binomial name
Micromesistius australis
Norman, 1937

The southern blue whiting (Micromesistius australis) is a codfish of the genus Micromesistius, found in the southern oceans with temperatures between 3 and 7°C, at depths of 50 to 900 m. Its length is commonly between 30 and 60 cm, with a maximum length of 90 cm.[1] Maximum weight is at least 1350 g.[2]

A related species, the blue whiting, Micromesistius poutassou, occurs in the Northern Hemisphere.

In Canada, according to Canadian Food Inspection Agency regulations and the list of acceptable fish species names, "Micromesistius australis" (or southern blue whiting) can also be referred to as blue cod.[3][4] This well-known species is part of the family Gadidae and is a very versatile fish. It is most commonly filleted and served breaded or battered, but it is also well-suited to pan frying, oven baking and steaming. It has flaky white fillets and mild flavor with broad appeal to children and adults alike.

The two disjunct populations are:[1]

Most of the southern blue whiting catch comes from New Zealand's Bounty Platform and Campbell Island Rise given the large numbers there. They are harvested mainly by mid-water and semi-pelagic trawl.[6]

New Zealand southern blue whiting were the first blue whiting fisheries in the world to gain Marine Stewardship Council certification, the ‘gold standard’ for sustainable fisheries performance.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cohen, D. M.; T. Inada; T. lwamoto; N. Scialabba (1990). FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis. 125. Rome: FAO. ISBN 92-5-102890-7. 
  2. ^ Cassia, M. C. (2000). "Age and growth of the southern blue whiting Micromesistius australis in the SW Atlantic". Scientia Marina. 64: 269–274. doi:10.3989/scimar.2000.64n3269. 
  3. ^ "Southern blue whiting". CFIA Fish List. Canadian Food Inspection Agency. 7 July 2010. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "Blue cod". CFIA Fish List. Canadian Food Inspection Agency. 7 July 2010. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  5. ^ Hanchet, S. (1999). "Stock structure of southern blue whiting (Micromesistius australis) in New Zealand waters". New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research. 33 (4): 599–609. doi:10.1080/00288330.1999.9516903. 
  6. ^ a b "Southern blue whiting (SBW)". Deepwater Group. 2014. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 

Further reading[edit]