Southern chestnut-tailed antbird

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Southern chestnut-tailed antbird
Sciaphylax hemimelaena1.jpg
At Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thamnophilidae
Genus: Sciaphylax
S. hemimelaena
Binomial name
Sciaphylax hemimelaena
(Sclater, PL, 1857)
Sciaphylax hemimelaena map.svg

The southern chestnut-tailed antbird (Sciaphylax hemimelaena) is a species of passerine bird in the family Thamnophilidae. It is found in the Amazon Rainforest in far southern Colombia, eastern Peru, northern Bolivia, and western and central Brazil.

The southern chestnut-tailed antbird was originally described by the English zoologist Philip Sclater in 1857 and given the binomial name Myrmeciza emimelaena.[2] A molecular phylogenetic study published in 2013 found that the genus Myrmeciza, as then defined, was polyphyletic.[3] In the resulting rearrangement to create monophyletic genera the southern chestnut-tailed antbird and the northern chestnut-tailed antbird were moved to a newly erected genus Sciaphylax.[4]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Sciaphylax hemimelaena". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T22733838A95066516. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22733838A95066516.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  2. ^ Sclater, Philip Lutley (1857). "Characters of some apparently new species of American Ant-Thrushes". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 25: 46–48 [48]. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1857.tb01195.x.
  3. ^ Isler, M.L.; Bravo, G.A.; Brumfield, R.T. (2013). "Taxonomic revision of Myrmeciza (Aves: Passeriformes: Thamnophilidae) into 12 genera based on phylogenetic, morphological, behavioral, and ecological data" (PDF). Zootaxa. 3717 (4): 469–497. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3717.4.3. PMID 26176119.
  4. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2017). "Antbirds". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 30 January 2018.