Southwark St George the Martyr
|Southwark St George the Martyr|
|• 1881||284 acres (1.15 km2)|
|• Origin||Ancient parish|
|Government||Vestry of the Parish of Southwark St George the Martyr (1855—1900)|
|• HQ||Vestry Hall, Borough Road|
Southwark St George the Martyr was a civil parish in the metropolitan area of London, England and part of the ancient Borough of Southwark. In 1855 the parish vestry became a local authority within the area of responsibility of the Metropolitan Board of Works. It comprised 284 acres (1.15 km2) and had a population in 1881 of 59,712.
The bulk of the parish was centred on St George's Circus, with Newington Causeway and Borough High Street forming the eastern boundary. The area was essentially the same as the King's Manor, Southwark, In the north east it included the church of St George the Martyr Southwark and then formed a long, narrow panhandle along the Old Kent Road, terminating at what is now Burgess Park and surrounding the triangular parish of Newington on two sides.
The ancient parish, dedicated to St George, was in the Diocese of Winchester until 1877, then the Diocese of Rochester until 1905, and then finally in the Diocese of Southwark. From 1843, as housing increased and moreover the population of Southwark St George the Martyr increased rapidly, six small parishes taking over most of its population were created:
- St Mary Magdalene, Southwark in 1843
- St Jude, Southwark in 1850
- St Stephen, Southwark in 1853
- St Paul, Southwark in 1858
- St Michael and All Angels, Southwark in 1867
- St Alphege, Southwark in 1872
Under the Metropolis Management Act 1855 any parish that exceeded 2,000 ratepayers was to be divided into wards; as such the incorporated vestry of St George the Martyr was divided into three wards (electing vestrymen): No. 1 or St Michael (18), No. 2 or St Paul (15) and No. 3 or St George (15).
- Youngs, Frederic (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England. I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. ISBN 0-901050-67-9.
- , 'The borough of Southwark: Churches', A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4 (1912), pp. 151-161. Date accessed: 10 March 2014.
- The London Gazette Issue: 21802. 20 October 1855. pp. 3893–3894. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- "H.M.S.O. Boundary Commission Report 1885 Southwark Map". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 8 April 2015.