|League||National Basketball Association|
|Inaugural season||2004–05 season|
|No. of teams||5|
|Most titles||San Antonio Spurs|
The Southwest Division is one of the three divisions in the Western Conference of the National Basketball Association (NBA). Despite its name, the division is actually located in the South Central United States. The division consists of five teams, the Dallas Mavericks, the Houston Rockets, the Memphis Grizzlies, the New Orleans Pelicans and the San Antonio Spurs. Three of the teams, the Mavericks, Rockets, and Spurs, are based in Texas.
Consisting of some of the most historically competitive teams in the NBA's Western Conference, the division was created at the start of the 2004–05 season, when the league expanded from 29 to 30 teams with the addition of the Charlotte Bobcats. The league realigned itself into three divisions in each conference. The Southwest Division began with five inaugural members, the Mavericks, the Rockets, the Grizzlies, the Hornets (now Pelicans) and the Spurs. The Mavericks, the Rockets, the Grizzlies and the Spurs joined from the now-defunct Midwest Division, while the Pelicans joined from the Central Division.
The Spurs have been dominant since the division's inaugural season, having won the most Southwest Division titles with nine. The Rockets have won four, the Mavericks have won three, the Grizzlies have won two and the Pelicans have won one title. Four NBA champions came from the Southwest Division. The Spurs won the NBA championship in 2005, 2007 and 2014, while the Mavericks won in 2011. In the 2007–08 season, all four teams that qualified for the playoffs each had more than 50 wins. In the 2010–11 season and the 2014–15 season, all teams in the division had winning percentages above 0.500 (50%). In the 2014–15 season, the Southwest Division saw every one of its teams making the playoffs, a feat achieved only twice in the last 30 years. The most recent division champions are the Memphis Grizzlies.
|New Orleans Pelicans||9||9||.500||2.5||6–4||3–5||2–2||18|
|San Antonio Spurs||3||14||.176||8.0||1–8||2–6||1–2||17|
Willis Reed Trophy
Beginning with the 2021–22 season, the Southwest Division champion has received the Willis Reed Trophy. As with the other division championship trophies, it is named after one of the African American pioneers from NBA history. During his playing career from 1964 to 1974, Willis Reed became the first HBCU graduate to win both the NBA MVP Award and the Finals MVP Award. The Reed Trophy consists of a 200-millimetre (7.9 in) crystal ball.
|^||Had or tied for the best regular season record for that season|
Division Titles by team
|San Antonio Spurs||9||2004–05, 2005–06, 2008–09, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2015–16, 2016–17|
|Houston Rockets||4||2014–15, 2017–18, 2018–19, 2019–20|
|Dallas Mavericks||3||2006–07, 2009–10, 2020–21|
|Memphis Grizzlies||2||2021–22, 2022–23|
|New Orleans Hornets/Pelicans||1||2007–08|
|^||Denotes team that won the NBA Finals|
|+||Denotes team that won the Conference finals, but lost the NBA Finals|
|*||Denotes team that qualified for the NBA Playoffs|
|×||Denotes team that qualified for the NBA play-in tournament|
|2004–05||San Antonio^ (59–23)||Dallas* (58–24)||Houston* (51–31)||Memphis* (45–37)||New Orleans (18–64)|
|2005–06||San Antonio* (63–19)||Dallas+ (60–22)||Memphis* (49–33)||New Orleans/OKC[a] (38–44)||Houston (34–48)|
|2006–07||Dallas* (67–15)||San Antonio^ (58–24)||Houston* (52–30)||New Orleans/OKC[a] (39–43)||Memphis (22–60)|
|2007–08||New Orleans* (56–26)||San Antonio* (56–26)||Houston* (55–27)||Dallas* (51–31)||Memphis (22–60)|
|2008–09||San Antonio* (54–28)||Houston* (53–29)||Dallas* (50–32)||New Orleans* (49–33)||Memphis (24–58)|
|2009–10||Dallas* (55–27)||San Antonio* (50–32)||Houston (42–40)||Memphis (40–42)||New Orleans (37–45)|
|2010–11||San Antonio* (61–21)||Dallas^ (57–25)||New Orleans* (46–36)||Memphis* (46–36)||Houston (43–39)|
|2011–12[b]||San Antonio* (50–16)||Memphis* (41–25)||Dallas* (36–30)||Houston (34–32)||New Orleans (21–45)|
|2012–13||San Antonio+ (58–24)||Memphis* (56–26)||Houston* (45–37)||Dallas (41–41)||New Orleans (27–55)|
|2013–14||San Antonio^ (62–20)||Houston* (54–28)||Memphis* (50–32)||Dallas* (49–33)||New Orleans (34–48)|
|2014–15||Houston* (56–26)||Memphis* (55–27)||San Antonio* (55–27)||Dallas* (50–32)||New Orleans* (45–37)|
|2015–16||San Antonio* (67–15)||Dallas* (42–40)||Memphis* (42–40)||Houston* (41–41)||New Orleans (30–52)|
|2016–17||San Antonio* (61–21)||Houston* (55–27)||Memphis* (43–39)||New Orleans (34–48)||Dallas (33–49)|
|2017–18||Houston* (65–17)||New Orleans* (48–34)||San Antonio* (47–35)||Dallas (24–58)||Memphis (22–60)|
|2018–19||Houston* (53–29)||San Antonio* (48–34)||Memphis (33–49)||New Orleans (33–49)||Dallas (33–49)|
|2019–20[c]||Houston* (44–28)||Dallas* (43–32)||Memphis× (34–39)||San Antonio (32–39)||New Orleans (30–42)|
|2020–21[d]||Dallas* (42–30)||Memphis* (38–34)||San Antonio× (33–39)||New Orleans (31–41)||Houston (17–55)|
|2021–22||Memphis* (56–26)||Dallas* (52–30)||New Orleans* (36–46)||San Antonio× (34–48)||Houston (20–62)|
|2022–23||Memphis* (51–31)||New Orleans× (42–40)||Dallas (38–44)||Houston (22–60)||San Antonio (22–60)|
Houston Rockets vs. San Antonio Spurs
- a 1 2 3 The New Orleans Hornets temporarily relocated to Oklahoma City due to the effect of Hurricane Katrina. The majority of home games were played in Oklahoma City, while a few remained in New Orleans.
- b 1 2 Because of a lockout, the season did not start until December 25, 2011, and all 30 teams played a shortened 66-game regular season schedule.
- c 1 2 Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the 82-game regular season schedule was cancelled on March 11, 2020. The season was restarted on July 30 under an eight-game seeding format in the 2020 NBA Bubble to conclude the regular season and determine playoff berths. Games were played inside the ESPN Wide World of Sports Complex at Walt Disney World in Orlando, Florida.
- d 1 2 Season shortened to 72 games due to COVID-19 pandemic.
- "NBA & ABA League Index". Basketball-Reference.com.
- "Expansion Bobcats prompt change". ESPN.com. November 17, 2003. Retrieved May 29, 2011.
- "Southwest Division's historical dominance". ESPN.com. April 15, 2015. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
- "NBA unveils new trophies for division winners named after 6 NBA legends". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. April 11, 2022. Retrieved January 28, 2023.
- "NBA Unveils Division Winner Trophies Named After Black Pioneers from League History". Bleacher Report. April 11, 2022. Retrieved January 28, 2023.
- Jenkins, Lee (December 5, 2011). "'tis The Season". CNN Sports Illustrated. Time Warner Company. Retrieved April 30, 2012.